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Glossary of Biblical Terms
beginning with letter S
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sackbut Tweet Definition of sackbut Like Definition of sackbut on Facebook
noun
  1. (music) A brass instrument from the Renaissance and Baroque Eras, and is an ancestor of the modern trombone. It was derived from the medieval slide trumpet.
Salome Tweet Definition of Salome Like Definition of Salome on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a feminine given name
Sam. Tweet Definition of Sam. Like Definition of Sam. on Facebook
abbreviation (infl, en, abbreviation)
  1. (biblical) An abbreviation used for the book(s) of Samuel in the Tanakh and the Old Testament of the Bible.
Samson Tweet Definition of Samson Like Definition of Samson on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An Israelite judge in the Old Testament who performed feats of strength against the Philistines but was betrayed by Delilah his mistress
  2. (context, by extension) Any very strong man.
  3. An English surname.
Samuel Tweet Definition of Samuel Like Definition of Samuel on Facebook
proper noun (book of the Bible, Books of Samuel)
  1. (given name, male)
  2. book(s) of the Old Testament and the Hebrew Tanakh.
  3. (biblical character) The primary author and central character of the first book of Samuel.
Sara Tweet Definition of Sara Like Definition of Sara on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, female, )
Sarah Tweet Definition of Sarah Like Definition of Sarah on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (biblical character) Wife of Patriarch Abraham. Mother of Isaac.
  2. (given name, female, from Hebrew, )
Saul Tweet Definition of Saul Like Definition of Saul on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (biblical) The first king of Israel, and the original name of Apostle Paul.
  2. (given name, male, ).
scapegoat Tweet Definition of scapegoat Like Definition of scapegoat on Facebook
noun
  1. In the Mosaic Day of Atonement ritual, a goat symbolically imbued with the sins of the people, and sent out alive into the wilderness while another was sacrificed.
    • 1646: alluding herein unto the heart of man and the precious bloud of our Saviour, who was typified by the Goat that was slain, and the scape-Goat in the Wilderness " Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, Book II, ch 5
      1. Someone punished for the error or errors of someone else.
      He is making me a .
    • 1834: Thomas Babington Macaulay, "William Pitt, Earl of Chatham" http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/2332
    • :The new Secretary of State had been long sick of the perfidy and levity of the First Lord of the Treasury, and began to fear that he might be made a to save the old intriguer who, imbecile as he seemed, never wanted dexterity where danger was to be avoided.
verb
  1. (transitive) To punish someone for the error or errors of someone else; to make a scapegoat of.
:Don't me for your mistake.
    • 1950: Rachel Davis DuBois?, Neighbors in Action: A Manual for Local Leaders in Intergroup Relations, p37
    • :People tend to fear and then to ... groups which seem to them to be fundamentally different from their own.
    • 1975: Richard M. Harris, Adam Kendon, Mary Ritchie Key, Organization of Behavior in Face-to-face Interaction, p66
    • :They had been used for centuries to justify or rationalize the behavior of that status and conversely to and blame some other category of people.
    • 1992: George H.W. Bush, State of the Union Address http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/5047
    • :And I want to add, as we make these changes, we work together to improve this system, that our intention is not scapegoating and finger-pointing.
    • 2004: Yvonne M. Agazarian, Systems-Centered Therapy for Groups, p208
    • :Then either the world or others or the self becomes the target for the human tendency to .
scarlet woman Tweet Definition of scarlet woman Like Definition of scarlet woman on Facebook
noun (scarlet women)
  1. A woman who is known for behaving in an adulterous manner.
  2. A woman believed to be an adulterer.
scorpion Tweet Definition of scorpion Like Definition of scorpion on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various arachnids of the order Scorpiones, related to the spiders, characterised by two large front pincers and a curved tail with a poisonous sting in the end.
Scripture Tweet Definition of Scripture Like Definition of Scripture on Facebook
noun
  1. the Hebrew Tanakh
  2. the Old Testament, Old and New Testaments of the Christian Bible.
  3. the Moslem Koran
  4. the Poetic Edda
  5. the religious text of a given religion
SEM Tweet Definition of SEM Like Definition of SEM on Facebook
initialism
  1. scanning electron microscope / scanning electron microscopy
Septuagint Tweet Definition of Septuagint Like Definition of Septuagint on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An ancient translation of the Torah, Hebrew Bible into Greek, undertaken by Jews resident in Alexandria for the benefit of Jews who had forgotten their Hebrew (well before the birth of Jesus); abbreviated as LXX ("the seventy", for the reputed 70 scholars who did the work). The LXX is the untranslated standard version of the Old Testament for the Greek Orthodox Church, but not for the Western Church, which since Jerome, has adhered to the Masoretic text. In the original Greek New Testament, when Jesus quotes the Old Testament, he is made to quote the LXX, which tends to disagree with the Masoretic text.
seraph Tweet Definition of seraph Like Definition of seraph on Facebook
noun (pl=seraphs, pl2=seraphim)
  1. (context, Biblical) A six winged angel; the highest choir or order of angels in Christian angelology, ranked above cherubim, and below God. A fine description is found at the beginning of http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Bible_%28World_English%29/Isaiah
  2. Chapter_6 Isaiah chapter 6
serpent Tweet Definition of serpent Like Definition of serpent on Facebook
noun
  1. A snake.
  2. (musici) A musical instrument in the brass family, whose shape is suggestive of a snake (w:Serpent (instrument), Wikipedia article).
Seth Tweet Definition of Seth Like Definition of Seth on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (biblical) The third son of Adam and Eve.
  2. (given name, male).
Simon Tweet Definition of Simon Like Definition of Simon on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (biblical character) Several persons in the New Testament, notably the original name of Apostle Peter.
  2. (given name, male, )
Sodom Tweet Definition of Sodom Like Definition of Sodom on Facebook
noun
  1. a city in the Middle East destroyed in the Bible by the Hebrew God for the sins of its inhabitants.
Susanna Tweet Definition of Susanna Like Definition of Susanna on Facebook
proper noun (book of the Bible, Susanna (Book of Daniel))
  1. (given name, female, , )
  2. (biblical) A follower of Jesus (Luke 8:3)
  3. (biblical) A book of the Apocrypha.
synoptic Tweet Definition of synoptic Like Definition of synoptic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of, or relating to a synopsis
  2. In general, pertaining to or affording an overall view. In meteorology, this term has become somewhat specialized in referring to the use of meteorological data obtained simultaneously over a wide area for presenting a comprehensive and nearly instantaneous picture of the state of the atmosphere. Thus, to a meteorologist, takes the additional connotation of simultaneity.
Synoptic
  1. Relating to the first three Gospels of the New Testament, being similar in style and content

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