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Glossary of Biblical Terms
beginning with letter A
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Aaron Tweet Definition of Aaron Like Definition of Aaron on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (Judaism & Christianity) The elder brother of Moses in the Book of the Exodus.
  2. (given name, male, from Hebrew, ).
Aaronical Tweet Definition of Aaronical Like Definition of Aaronical on Facebook
adjective
  1. Variant of aaronic.
aaronite Tweet Definition of aaronite Like Definition of aaronite on Facebook
noun
  1. a descendant of Aaron.
  2. a Levite, Levite.
Aaron's rod Tweet Definition of Aaron Like Definition of Aaron
nounAaron's, "s rod
  1. (archaic) A rod with one serpent twined around it, as used by Aaron (differing from the caduceus of Mercury, which has two serpents).
  2. (botany) A plant with a tall flowering stem; especially the great mullein, or hag-taper, and the golden-rod.
Abaddon Tweet Definition of Abaddon Like Definition of Abaddon on Facebook
proper noun (plural:Abaddons)
  1. The destroyer, or angel of the bottomless pit; -- the same as Apollyon and Asmodeus.
  2. (poetic) Hell; the bottomless pit.
Quotations
  • In all her gates, Abaddon rues Thy bold attempt. - Milton
abba Tweet Definition of abba Like Definition of abba on Facebook
noun
  1. Father; religious superior; in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch.
Abdon Tweet Definition of Abdon Like Definition of Abdon on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (Judaism) the tenth .
  2. (given name, male, from Hebrew, ).
Abel Tweet Definition of Abel Like Definition of Abel on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (mythology) the son of Adam and Eve who was killed by his brother Cain.
  2. (given name, male, from Hebrew, ).
Abigail Tweet Definition of Abigail Like Definition of Abigail on Facebook
noun
  1. (given name, female, from Hebrew, ). A Biblical female given name.
Abimelech Tweet Definition of Abimelech Like Definition of Abimelech on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A name of several Philistine kings.
Abner Tweet Definition of Abner Like Definition of Abner on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (biblical) Cousin of Saul in the Old Testament.
  2. (given name, male, ).
Abraham Tweet Definition of Abraham Like Definition of Abraham on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (context, Judaism, Christianity, Islam) A prophet in the Old Testament and Koran; the Semitic patriarch, father of the Jewish patriarch Isaac (by his wife Sarah) and the Arab patriarch Ishmael (by his concubine Hagar).
  2. (given name, male, from Hebrew, ).
  3. A surname.
Abram Tweet Definition of Abram Like Definition of Abram on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A prophet in the Old Testament; Semitic patriarch, father of the Jewish patriarch Isaac (by his wife Sarah) and the Arabic patriarch Ishmael (by his concubine Hagar). His name was later changed to Abraham.
  2. A male given name.
  3. A surname.
Absalom Tweet Definition of Absalom Like Definition of Absalom on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (biblical character) The third son of David, king of Israel.
  2. (given name, male, from Hebrew, ), always rare.
aceldama Tweet Definition of aceldama Like Definition of aceldama on Facebook
noun
  1. The potter's field, said to have lain south of Jerusalem, purchased with the bribe which Judas took for betraying his master, and therefore called the field of blood. Figuratively: A field of bloodshed.
Quotations
  • The system of warfare ... which had already converted immense tracts into one universal . - w:Thomas De Quincey, De Quincey
Achab Tweet Definition of Achab Like Definition of Achab on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A king of Israel according to the Bible.
  2. (given name, male).
Achaz Tweet Definition of Achaz Like Definition of Achaz on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (alternative spelling of, Ahaz)
  2. a male given name
ADA Tweet Definition of ADA Like Definition of ADA on Facebook
initialism
  1. w:American Dental Association, American Dental Association
  2. w:Americans for Democratic Action, Americans for Democratic Action
  3. w:Americans with Disabilities Act, Americans with Disabilities Act
  4. w:Assistant District Attorney, Assistant District Attorney
  5. The enzyme adenosine deaminase, specifically that affects RNA. See ADAR.
  6. w:American Diabetes Association, American Diabetes Association
Adam Tweet Definition of Adam Like Definition of Adam on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The first man in the Bible and the Qur'an, the mythological progenitor of the human race.
  2. (given name, male, from Hebrew, ).
  3. (figuratively) original sin, Original sin or human frailty.
Adamic Tweet Definition of Adamic Like Definition of Adamic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of, relating to, or resembling Adam.
adamite Tweet Definition of adamite Like Definition of adamite on Facebook
noun ((plural) adamites)
  1. A descendant of Adam; a human being.
  2. One of a sect of visionaries, who, professing to imitate the state of Adam, discarded the use of dress in their assemblies.
  3. A zinc arsenate hydroxide mineral, Zn2AsO4OH?.
agar Tweet Definition of agar Like Definition of agar on Facebook
noun
  1. A gelatinous material obtained from the marine algae, used as a bacterial culture medium, in electrophoresis and as a food additive.
  2. (chemistry) An agarose, the principle constituent of the commercial gel.
Ahab Tweet Definition of Ahab Like Definition of Ahab on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A male given name, see Achab.
Ahaz Tweet Definition of Ahaz Like Definition of Ahaz on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (alternative spelling of, Ahaz)
  2. a male given name
Amalek Tweet Definition of Amalek Like Definition of Amalek on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The biblical grandson of Esau
  2. The nation said to be descended from him, living mostly in the w:Negev, Negev and some later migrating to Israel
Amos Tweet Definition of Amos Like Definition of Amos on Facebook
proper noun (book of the Bible, Book of Amos)
  1. (given name, male)
  2. (biblical) A book of the Old Testament and the Hebrew Tanakh.
  3. A prophet, author of the book of Amos.
Anakim Tweet Definition of Anakim Like Definition of Anakim on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A mythical race of giants from Palestine
Andrew Tweet Definition of Andrew Like Definition of Andrew on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The first Apostle in the New Testament.
  2. (given name, male).
Anna Tweet Definition of Anna Like Definition of Anna on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, female, from Hebrew, ) periodically popular as a variant of Ann in English.
  2. Ann, the apocryphal mother of Virgin Mary.
  3. (biblical character) A prophetess who saw the infant Jesus ( Luke 2:36-38)
antediluvian Tweet Definition of antediluvian Like Definition of antediluvian on Facebook
noun
  1. One who lived prior to Noah's Flood.
adjective
  1. Extremely ancient or antiquated; old.
  2. Pertaining or belonging to the time prior to Noah's Flood.
  3. Supremely dated.
Those ideas are antediluvian.
apocalypse Tweet Definition of apocalypse Like Definition of apocalypse on Facebook
noun (rfc-split)
  1. (uncountable) (Religion) The written account of a revelation of hidden things given by God to a chosen prophet.
  2. (uncountable) The end of life on earth or all.
apocalyptic Tweet Definition of apocalyptic Like Definition of apocalyptic on Facebook
adjective
  1. of, or relating to an apocalypse
  2. portending future disaster, devastation and doom
  3. revelatory or prophetic
apocrypha Tweet Definition of apocrypha Like Definition of apocrypha on Facebook
noun
  1. (pluralia tantum) Certain writings which are received by some Christians as an authentic part of the Holy Scriptures, but are rejected by others.
Note: Fourteen such writings, or books, formed part of the Septuagint, but not of the Hebrew canon recognized by the Jews of Palestine. The Council of Trent included all but three of these in the canon of inspired books having equal authority. The German and English Reformers grouped them in their Bibles under the title Apocrypha, as not having dogmatic authority, but being profitable for instruction. The Apocrypha is now commonly omitted from the King James's Bible. Note: the word is normally capitalised in this usage.
  1. (obsolete) Something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; -- formerly used also adjectively. - Locke.
Ark Tweet Definition of Ark Like Definition of Ark on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The boat built by the Biblical Noah to carry himself and the animals of the planet during the w:Flood; (see w:Noah's Ark)
  2. The chest carried by the Hebrews containing the stone tablets carved with the Ten Commandments; (see the w:Ark of the Covenant)
Armageddon Tweet Definition of Armageddon Like Definition of Armageddon on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The place where the final battle will be fought between the forces of good and evil.
  2. The scene of a decisive conflict on a great scale.
  3. Any great and crucial conflict.
ASA Tweet Definition of ASA Like Definition of ASA on Facebook
initialism
  1. Acoustical Society of America
  2. American Standards Association, which has changed its name to American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
  3. American Society for Anesthesiology.
  4. Amateur Swimming Association.
ASER Tweet Definition of ASER Like Definition of ASER on Facebook
initialism
  1. Appraisal Subordinate Entitlement Reduction
Authorized Version Tweet Definition of Authorized Version Like Definition of Authorized Version on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A translation of the Bible from the original Hebrew (Old Testament) and Greek (New Testament) commisioned for the Church of England.

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