noun (pl=ushabtiu, pl2=ushabtis)
- in ancient Egypt, a figurine of a dead person, placed in their tomb to do their work for them in the afterlife
Etymology: From Egyptian wÅbty ("answerer"), replacing Åwbty, perhaps from ÅwÉb ("persea wood"), perhaps the original material.
1886, The Times, 1 Sep 1886, p.13 col. A:
: These little images were called in Egyptian "Ushabti," or "Respondents," and were in fact supposed to act as servants of the deceased, it being their duty to answer for him and serve as his substitutes when called upon to do labourer's work
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