shear Tweet Definition of shear Like Definition of shear on Facebook
  1. a cutting tool similar to scissors, but often larger
  2. the act of shearing, or something removed by shearing
  1. (physics) a force that produces a shearing strain
verb (shears, shearing, sheared or shore, shorn or sheared)
  1. To cut, originally with a sword or other bladed weapon, now usually with shears, or as if using shears.
    • 1819, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe:
    • : So trenchant was the Templar"s weapon, that it shore asunder, as it had been a willow twig, the tough and plaited handle of the mace, which the ill-fated Saxon reared to parry the blow, and, descending on his head, levelled him with the earth.
      1. To remove the fleece from a sheep etc by clipping
    • (physics) To deform because of shearing forces
    Etymology: Old English (term, scieran), from Germanic
    • (term, , skeran), from Indo-European
    • (term, , (s)ker-). Cognate with Dutch (term, scheren, lang=nl), German (term, scheren, lang=de), Swedish (term, skíra); and (from Indo-European) with Greek (term, sc=Grek, , tr=keírein, , cut off), Latin (term, caro, , flesh), Lithuanian (term, skírti, , separate), Welsh (term, ysgar, , separate).

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