- (archaic) A seat of any kind.
- A bench with a high back and arms.
- (obsolete) A place made lower than the rest; a wide step or platform lower than some other part.
verb (settl, ing)
- Quotation: And from the bottom upon the ground, even to the lower settle, shall be two cubits, and the breadth one cubit. --Ezek. xliii.
- (transitive): To place in a fixed or permanent condition; to make firm, steady, or stable; to establish; to fix; esp., to establish in life; to fix in business, in a home, or the like.
Etymology: Old English setl, from Germanic
- Quotation: And he settled his countenance steadfastly upon him,until he was ashamed. --2 Kings VIII. 11. (Rev. Ver.)
- Quotation: The father thought the time drew on Of setting in the world his only son. --Dryden.
- (transitive), (obsolete) : To establish in the pastoral office; to ordain or install as pastor or rector of a church, society, or parish; as, to settle a minister.
- (transitive): To cause to be no longer in a disturbed condition; to render quiet; to still; to calm; to compose.
- Quotation: God settled then the huge whale-bearing lake. --w:Chapman, Champman.
- Quotation: Hoping that sleep might settle his brains. --Bunyan.
- (transitive): To clear of dregs and impurities by causing them to sink; to render pure or clear; -- said of a liquid; as, to settle coffee, or the grounds of coffee.
- (transitive): To restore or bring to a smooth, dry, or passable condition; -- said of the ground, of roads, and the like;as, clear weather settles the roads.
- (transitive): To cause to sink; to lower; to depress; hence, also, torender close or compact; as, to settle the contents of a barrel or bag by shaking it.
- (transitive): To determine, as something which is exposed to doubt or question; to free from uncertainty or wavering; to make sure, firm, or constant; to establish; to compose; to quiet; as, to settle the mind when agitated; to settle questions of law; to settle the succession to a throne; to settle an allowance.
- Quotation: It will settle the wavering, and confirm the doubtful. --Swift.
- (transitive): To adjust, as something in discussion; to make up; to compose; to pacify; as, to settle a quarrel.
- (transitive), (archaic): To adjust, as accounts; to liquidate; to balance; as, to settle an account.
- (transitive), (colloquial): To pay; as, to settle a bill. --Abbott.
- (transitive): To plant with inhabitants; to colonize; to people; as, the French first settled Canada; the Puritans settled New England; Plymouth was settled in 1620.
- (intransitive): To become fixed or permanent; to become stationary; to establish one's self or itself; to assume a lasting form, condition, direction, or the like, in place of a temporary or changing state.
- Quotation: The wind came about and settled in the west. --w:Bacon, Bacon.
- Quotation: Chyle . . . runs through all the intermediate colors until it settles in an intense red. --Arbuthnot.
- (intransitive): To fix one's residence; to establish a dwelling place or home; as, the Saxons who settled in Britain.
- (intransitive): To enter into the married state, or the state of a householder.
- Quotation: As people marry now and settle. --Prior.
- (intransitive): To be established in an employment or profession; as, to settle in the practice of law.
- (intransitive): To become firm, dry, and hard, as the ground after the effects of rain or frost have disappeared; as, the roads settled late in the spring.
- (intransitive): To become clear after being turbid or obscure; to clarify by depositing matter held in suspension; as, the weather settled; wine settles by standing.
- Quotation: A government, on such occasions, is always thick before it settles. --Addison.
- (intransitive): To sink to the bottom; to fall to the bottom, as dregs of a liquid, or the sediment of a reservoir.
- (intransitive): To sink gradually to a lower level; to subside, as the foundation of a house, etc.
- (intransitive): To become calm; to cease from agitation.
- Quotation: Till the fury of his highness settle, Come not before him. --Shak.
- (intransitive): To adjust differences or accounts; to come to an agreement; as, he has settled with his creditors.
- (intransitive), (obsolete): To make a jointure for a wife.
- Quotation: He sighs with most success that settles well. --Garth.
- setla-, representing Indo-European
- sed-lo-, from
- sed- "sit". Cognate with German Sessel, Dutch zetel; and with Greek á, Latin sedo, Russian Ñ. The verb (Old English setlan) developed from the noun.
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