- A member of a political party or movement that uses the term "Libertarian" in its name (e.g., the w:Libertarian Party of the United States, Libertarian Party of the United States); one who is likely to support policies that are libertarian.
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- One who advocates liberty either generally or on a specific issue, e.g. "civil libertarian" (in favour of civil liberties).
- (Chiefly US) A believer in a political doctrine that emphasises individual liberty and a lack of governmental regulation and oversight both in matters of the economy ('free market') and in personal behavior where no one's rights are being violated or threatened. Also 'classical liberal', akin to 'anarcho-capitalist'.
- (Chiefly Europe) An anarchist, usually socialist or communist.
- In the philosophy branch of metaphysics, a believer in thinking beings' freedom to choose their own destiny, i.e. a believer in Free Will as opposed to those who believe the future is predetermined.
- (US)(prefixed to 'Republican'): a member of the Republican Party (especially a legislator) who emphasizes economic and Constitutional, rather than religious and personal, aspects of the party's platform.
Etymology: From French libertaire ("anarchist"), formed from liberté ("freedom", from Latin libertas) and the suffix -aire (from Latin -arius).N.B. The French term was coined when anarchist publications were banned by law in France. The anarchists invented the synonym libertaire in order to skirt the ban.
- Relating to the beliefs of libertarians, as in, "He has libertarian views". A relative tendency towards liberty, as in "libertarian socialist".
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