- A great ape of the genus Pan, native to Africa, and believed by biologists to be the closest extant relative to humans.
Etymology: The first use of the name chimpanzee did not occur until 1738. The name is derived from a Tshiluba language term kivili-chimpenze, which is the local name for the animal and translates loosely as mockman or possibly just ape.
- Dutch: chimpansee
- French: chimpanzé
- German: Schimpanse
- Italian: scimpanzè
- Spanish: chimpancé
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