Etymology: Etymology unknown; first appears in standards documents with no explanation. Possibly derived from caret after its similar shape (^), and with -on either from macron or as an augmentative after reanalysis of -et as a diminutive.
- A hí¡Ä¨ek or inverted circumflex; a diacritical mark (Ë‡) placed over a letter; on consonants indicates palatalization, and from its shape is used on pinyin vowels to mark the third (falling-rising) tone.
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