- (mineralogy) A hard, reddish brown chalcedony; used in jewelery,
Etymology: The red form was called carneolus in the Middle Ages, from Latin carneus "fleshy" after the color.<ref>James D. Dana: Dana's System of Mineralogy. Volume III Seventh edition, revised by Clifford Frondel. John Wiley & Sons, 1962</ref>
- 1952 You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering, , topaz, and jasper, chrysolite, beryl, and onyx, sapphire, carbuncle, and emerald; and wrought in gold were your settings and your engravings. On the day that you were created they were prepared. " Ezekiel 28:13 RSV.
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