- (zoology) Mostly African primates. One of the Old World Quadrumana, of the genera Cynocephalus and Papio; the dog-faced ape. Baboons have dog-like muzzles and large canine teeth, cheek pouches, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks. A group of baboons is refered to as a (term, troop), a (term, tribe) or a (term, flange).
Etymology: From (term, babewin, lang=enm), (term, baboin, lang=enm) < (term, babouin, lang=fr), or (term, babewynus, lang=la). Of unknown origin; confer Dutch (term, baviaan, lang=nl), German (term, Pavian, lang=de, , baboon), French (term, babine, lang=fr, , lip of ape, dogs, etc.), dialectal German (term, bíppe, , mouth, lang=de).
- Dutch: (t, nl, baviaan, m)
- French: babouin(fr)m
- German: Pavian(de)m
- Italian: babbuino(it)m
- Spanish: babuino(es)m
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