- (clinical psychology) Abnormal self-absorption, first observed in childhood, characterised by lack of response to people and limited ability to communicate.
Etymology: From (term, Autismus, lang=de), coined 1912 by Swiss psychiatrist w:Paul Bleuler, Paul Bleuler (1857-1939) from (term, sc=Grek, , , tr=autos-, self, lang=el) (comb. form) + (term, sc=Grek, -, tr=-ismos, lang=el) suffix "of action" or "of state".
- Dutch: autisme(nl)n
- French: autisme(fr)
- German: Autismus(de)m
- Italian: autismo
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