verb (absolv, ing)
- (transitive) To set free, release or discharge (from obligations, debts, responsibility etc.)
- To a subject from his allegiance.
- 1855: w:Thomas Babington Macaulay, Thomas Babington Macaulay, The History of England from the Accession of James II'', volume III, chapter XIV - Halifax was absolved by a majority of fourteen.
- (transitive) To pronounce free from or give absolution for a penalty, blame, sin or guilt
- (transitive) (theology) To pronounce free or give absolution from sin.
- 1782: w:Edward Gibbon, Edward Gibbon, History Of The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire, volume VI, chapter LXVII - In his name I your perjury and sanctify your arms.
- (transitive) (obsolete) To finish; to accomplish.
- (RQ:Milton Lost 1674, 7)-94 - The work begun, how soon / absolved.
- (obsolete) To resolve or explain.
- 1646: w:Thomas Browne, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica VI-x - We shall not the doubt.
Etymology: 15th Century, From Latin absolvere "to set free", "to absolve", formed from ab- + solvere "to loose".
- Dutch: vrijspreken, vergeven
- French: absoudre
- German: freisprechen, lossprechen
- Italian: assolvere
(trans-top, obsolete: to resolve or explain)
Supplemental Details:Sponsor an extended definition for absolve for as little as $10 per month. Click here to contact us.