- Excessive patriotism, eagerness for national superiority; jingoism.
- Unwarranted bias, favoritism, or devotion to one's own particular group, cause, or idea.
Etymology: From chauvinisme (originally "idealistic devotion to Napoleon"), named from w:Nicolas Chauvin, Nicolas Chauvin de Rochefort, a soldier of the w:French First Republic, First Republic known for his excessive patriotism, especially famous after featuring as a character in Cogniard's play La Cocarde Tricolore.
- Feminists say that male is still prevalent in cultures worldwide.
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Full Definition of chauvinism