Complete Definition of "un-"

see|UN|un|-un|-un-|ün|ún
English

Etymology 1
Privative, from OE. term|un-|langang, from Ger., related to Latin term|in-|langla

Prefix
infl|en|prefix|cat=prefixes

  1. context|added to adjectives, nouns and verbs not, absent, lacking

#: unannounced — “not being announced”
#: uneducated — “not educated”
#: unattractiveness — “lack of attractiveness; ugliness”
#: unrest — “a lack of rest (peace); war”

  1. context|added to adjectives and nouns violative, contrary, opposite

#: unconstitutional — “in violation of or contrary to the constitution”

Usage notes
Some words formed in this way also have counterparts using term|in- or term|non-.

Translations
NOTE: Words using the prefix un- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

trans-top|denoting absence
French: t+|fr|in-, t+|fr|mal, t+|fr|non-
Icelandic: t-|is|ó-
Russian: не-
trans-mid
Scottish Gaelic: ao-, mì-, neo-, eu-, do-, an-
Spanish: t+|es|in-
Swedish: o-, van-
trans-bottom

trans-top|denoting a lack of
French: t+|fr|in-, t+|fr|non-
Russian: без-, не-
trans-mid
Scottish Gaelic: ao-, mì-, neo-, eu-, do-
Spanish: t+|es|in-
Swedish: t+|sv|o-
trans-bottom

trans-top|violative of; contrary to
French: t+|fr|anti-, t+|fr|in-, t+|fr|non-
Russian: не-
trans-mid
Scottish Gaelic: an-, mì-
Spanish: t+|es|in-
Swedish: t+|sv|o-, t+|sv|anti-
trans-bottom

Etymology 2
From OE. term|-un|langang and term|-in|langang<!-- Should this be "in-" instead? -->, originally from Ger.

Prefix
infl|en|prefix|cat=prefixes|added to verbs and nouns to form verbs

  1. reverse, opposite

#: to undress — “to take one's clothes off”
#: to unwind — “to reverse a winding”
#: to unlock — “to undo the locking of”

  1. release, free, remove, extract.

#: to uncage — “to release from a cage”
#: to untangle — “to remove the tangling of”

Translations
NOTE: Words using the prefix un- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

trans-top|reversal or cancellation
French: dé-, dés-
Italian: t-|it|s-
trans-mid
Spanish: t+|es|des-
Swedish: av-
trans-bottom

Synonyms
anti-
de-
dis-
in-
non-
-un-

References
[http://m-w.com/dictionary/un- Definition of un- - Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary]

Category:Negative words


Old English

Etymology
Ger.|ang *term||un-, from Indo-European *term||n̥-, a prefix use of the particle *term||ne|not. Cognate with Old Saxon term||un- (Dutch term|on-|langnl), Old High German term|un-|langgoh (German term|un-|langde), Old Norse term|ó-|langnon (Swedish term|o-|langsv, Norwegian term|u|langno), and Gothic term|scGoth|𐌿𐌽-|trun-|langgot. The IE root is also the source of Greek term|scGrek|α-|tra-, term|scGrek|αν-|tran-, Latin term|in-|langla, and Old Irish term|in-|lang=sga.

Pronunciation
IPA|/ʊn/

Prefix
infl|ang|affix|cat=affixes

  1. context|added to nouns and adjectives negation, privation, or absence of

de:un-
fr:un-
ko:un-
ku:un-
ja:un-
zh:un-

Revision and Credits for"un-"
Dictionary content provided from Wiktionary.org under the
GNU Free Documentation License
 
 

 Find:
  Words Starting With:
  Words Ending With:
  Words Containing:
  Words That Match:

 
 Translate Into:
  
Dutch   French   German
  
Italian   Spanish
    Show results per page.

Browse the Dictionary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

   
Allwords Copyright 1998-2020 All rights reserved.