Complete Definition of "turn"

English

rank|black|lady|truth|415|turn|hold|cause|close

Etymology
OF. torner, from L. tornare

Pronunciation
italbrac|UK: IPA|/tÉËn/, SAMPA|/t3:n/
italbrac|US: AHD|tûrn, IPA|/tÉn/, SAMPA|/t3`n/
audio|en-us-turn.ogg|Audio (US)
:Rhymes:English:-ÉË(r)n|Rhymes: -ÉË(r)n

Homophones
tern

Verb
en-verb

  1. intransitive Of a body, person, etc, to move around an axis through itself.

#:the Earth turns
#:turn on the spot

  1. transitive To change the direction or orientation of.

#: Turn the knob clockwise.

  1. intransitive To change one's direction of travel.

#:Turn right here.

  1. transitive To position (something) by folding it.

#: Turn the bed covers.

  1. transitive To become.

#:The leaves turn brown in autumn.
#:When I asked him for the money, he turned nasty.

  1. To rebel; to go against something formerly tolerated.

#: The prisoners turned on the warden.

  1. transitive To shape (something) symmetrically by rotating it against a stationary cutting tool, as on a lathe.

#: She turned the table legs with care and precision.

  1. intransitive To sour or spoil; to go bad.

#: This milk has turned; it smells awful.

  1. italbrac|usually with over To complete.

#: They say they can turn the parts in two days.

  1. context|transitive|cricket Of a bowler, to make (the ball) move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
  2. context|intransitive|cricket Of a ball, to move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
  3. context|professional wrestling|intransitive To change personalities, such as from being a face (good guy) to heel (bad guy) or vice versa.

Synonyms
italbrac|move around an axis through itself: rotate, spin, twirl
italbrac|change the direction or orientation of: rotate
italbrac|change one's direction of travel: steer, swerve, tack
italbrac|nautical
italbrac|position (something) by folding it back on itself:
italbrac|become: become, get, go
italbrac|rebel: rebel, revolt
italbrac|shape on a lathe: lathe
italbrac|go bad: go bad, go off, sour, spoil
italbrac|complete: complete

Derived terms
rel-top|Terms derived from the verb to turn
turn about
turn against
turn around

turn away
turn back
<!--"turn back the clock" comes from "turn back"-->
turn in one's grave
turn it up
turn down
turn heads
turn in
turn into
<!--not idiomatic: just "turn" in the sense of "become" + "nasty": *turn nasty-->
rel-mid
turn off
turn on
turn out
<!--not idiomatic: just "turn out" + "to be" *turn out to be-->
turn over
<!--derived from "turn over": *turn over a new leaf-->
turn round
turn tail
turn the other cheek
turn the tables
turn the tide
turn tricks
turn up
<!--derived from "turn up": *turn up one's nose, turn up the heat-->
rel-bottom

Translations
trans-top|move around an axis through itself
Danish: dreje
Finnish: t-|fi|pyöriä, t+|fi|kääntyä
French: t+|fr|tourner
Italian: t+|it|girare
trans-mid
Japanese: t|ja|åã|trmawaru|scJpan
Kurdish: italbrac|of a human KUchar|ئاÙÚداÙ
Russian: вÑаÑаÑÑÑÑ (vraÅ¡'át's'a) impf; веÑÑеÑÑÑÑ (v'ert'ét's'a) impf;
повоÑаÑиваÑÑÑÑ (povoráÄivat's'a), повеÑнÑÑÑÑÑ (pov'ernút's'a) pf; кÑÑÑиÑÑÑÑ (krutít's'a) impf
Spanish: t+|es|girar
trans-bottom

trans-top|change the direction or orientation of (something)
Danish: dreje, vende
Finnish: t+|fi|kääntää
French: t+|fr|tourner
Hungarian: t-|hu|fordít
Italian: t+|it|tornare
trans-mid
Japanese: t-|ja|å¤ãã|trkaeru|scJpan
Kurdish: KUchar|سÙÚاÙدÙ
Old English: t-|ang|wendan|xsOld English, t-|ang|hweorfan|xsOld English
Russian: вÑаÑаÑÑ (vraÅ¡'át') impf; веÑÑеÑÑ (v'ert'ét') impf;
повоÑаÑиваÑÑ (povoráÄivat') impf, повеÑнÑÑÑ (pov'ernút') pf; кÑÑÑиÑÑ (krutít') impf
Spanish: t+|es|girar
trans-bottom

trans-top|change one's direction of travel
Danish: dreje
Finnish: t+|fi|kääntyä
French: t+|fr|tourner
Italian: t+|it|tornare
trans-mid
Japanese: t|ja|æ²ã|trmagaru|scJpan
Russian: повоÑаÑиваÑÑ (povoráÄivat') impf, повеÑнÑÑÑ (pov'ernút') pf
Spanish: t+|es|girar
trans-bottom

trans-top|position (something) by folding it back on itself
Finnish: t+|fi|kääntää
trans-mid
Japanese: t|ja|è£è¿ã|truragaesu|scJpan, t|ja|ç¿»ã|trhirugaesu|scJpan
Kurdish: KUchar|ÙÙâدکردÙ
Russian: ÑвоÑаÑиваÑÑ (svoráÄivat') impf, ÑвеÑнÑÑÑ (sv'ernút') pf;
trans-bottom

trans-top|become
Bulgarian: t+|bg|пÑоменÑм|trpromenjam|scCyrl
Danish: blive, forvandle sig
Finnish: t+|fi|muuttua
French: t+|fr|devenir
Hungarian: t-|hu|fordít
Italian: t+|it|divenire, t+|it|diventare
trans-mid
Japanese: t-|ja|å¤ãã|trkawaru|scJpan
Old English: t-|ang|wendan|xsOld English, t-|ang|hweorfan|xsOld English
Russian: ÑÑановиÑÑÑÑ (stanovít's'a) impf, ÑÑаÑÑ (stat') pf; пÑевÑаÑаÑÑÑÑ (pr'evraÅ¡'át's'a) impf, пÑевÑаÑиÑÑÑÑ (pr'evratít's'a) impf
Spanish: volverse
trans-bottom

trans-top|rebel
Danish: vende sig mod
Finnish: kääntyä jokin|jotakin vastaan
trans-mid
Japanese: t|ja|åéãã|trhangyaku suru|scJpan, t|ja|è¬åãèµ·ãã|trmuhon wo okosu|scJpan
Russian: воÑÑÑаваÑÑ (vosstavát') impf, воÑÑÑаÑÑ (vosstát') pf
Spanish: rebelarse
Swedish: t-|sv|gå emot
trans-bottom

trans-top|shape (something) on a lathe
Bulgarian: ÑÑÑÑгÑвам (struguvam)
Danish: dreje
Finnish: t-|fi|sorvata
German: drechseln
trans-mid
Russian: ÑоÑиÑÑ (toÄít') impf, наÑоÑиÑÑ (natoÄít') pf
Swedish: t-|sv|svarva
trans-bottom

trans-top|go bad
Bulgarian: ÑазвалÑм Ñе (razvaljam se), пÑокиÑвам (prokisvam)
Danish: blive sur
Finnish: pilaantua
German: umkippen
trans-mid
Japanese: t|ja|å¤è³ªãã|trhenshitsu suru|scJpan, t|ja|èã|trkusaru|scJpan
Russian: ÑвоÑаÑиваÑÑÑÑ (svoráÄivat's'a) impf, ÑвеÑнÑÑÑÑÑ (sv'ernút's'a) pf
trans-bottom

trans-top|complete
trans-mid
Russian: завеÑÑаÑÑ (zav'eršát') impf, завеÑÑиÑÑ (zav'eršít') impf
trans-bottom

trans-top|in cricket, make the ball move sideways when it bounces
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|of a cricket ball, to move sideways when it bounces
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|in professional wrestling, to change personalities
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans
ttbc|Albanian: kthen
ttbc|Arabic: ARchar|ÙÙ unicode|(láffa)
ttbc|Bulgarian: вÑÑÑÑ (vÇrtja), завÑÑÑам (zavÇrtam)
ttbc|Catalan: girar
ttbc|Chinese: è½å, è½¬å¨ (zhuÇndòng)
ttbc|Croatian: obrnuti, obrtati, okrenuti
ttbc|Dutch: t+|nl|draaien, t-|nl|keren
ttbc|Esperanto: turni
ttbc|German: drehen, wenden
ttbc|Hungarian: fordul, megfordul, kanyarodik
ttbc|Ido: turnar
ttbc|Hungarian: fordít
ttbc|Irish: cas, cor, fill
ttbc|Korean: ë|ëë¤ (dolda)
ttbc|Old English: wendan, hweorfan
ttbc|Portuguese: girar
ttbc|Slovene: obrniti
ttbc|Spanish: girar, doblar
ttbc|Swedish: vrida
ttbc|Swedish: vända
ttbc|Telugu: t|te|తిపà±à°ªà±|scTelu (tippu), t|te|తిరà±à°à±|scTelu (tirugu), t|te|à°à±à°à±à°à±|sc=Telu (chuTTu)

Noun
en-noun

  1. A change of direction or orientation.

#:Give the handle a turn, then pull it.

  1. A movement of an object about its own axis in one direction that continues until the object returns to its initial orientation.
  2. A single loop of a coil.
  3. A chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others.

#: They took turns playing with the new toy.

  1. One's chance to make a move in a game having two or more players.
  2. A figure in music, often denoted ~, consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below the one indicated, and the note itself again.
  3. (also turnaround) The time required to complete a project.

#: They quote a three-day turn on parts like those.

  1. A fit or a period of giddiness.

#:I've had a funny turn.

  1. A change in temperament or circumstance.

#:She took a turn for the worse.

  1. cricket A sideways movement of the ball when it bounces (caused by rotation in flight)
  2. poker The fourth communal card in Texas hold 'em.
  3. context|poker|obsolete The flop (the first three community cards) in Texas hold 'em
  4. context|electricity the basic coil element that forms a single conducting loop comprised of one insulated conductor.

Synonyms
italbrac|change of direction or orientation:
italbrac|movement about an axis returning to the original orientation: 360° turn, complete rotation, complete turn, full rotation, full turn
italbrac|single loop of a coil: loop
italbrac|chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others: go
italbrac|one's chance to make a move in a game: go, move
italbrac|figure in music:
italbrac|time required to complete a project:
italbrac|fit or period of giddiness: dizziness, dizzy spell, giddiness
italbrac|change in temperament or circumstance: change, swing
italbrac|sideways movement of a cricket ball:

Derived terms
rel-top|Terms derived from the noun turn
See also turning<!--turning circle; turning point-->
Buggins' turn
bad turn
good turn
give someone a turn
in turn
take a turn for the worse
rel-mid
take it in turns
take turns
turn of events
turn of the century
rel-bottom

Translations
trans-top|change of direction or orientation
Danish: drejning c, bøjning c
Finnish: t+|fi|käännös
Greek: t+|el|ÏÏÏοÏή|f|sc=Grek
trans-mid
Kurdish: KUchar|سÙÚاÙدÙâ
Russian: t+|ru|повоÑоÑ|m|trpovorót|scCyrl
trans-bottom

trans-top|movement about an axis ending up with the same orientation
Danish: omdrejning c
Finnish: kierros, pyörähdys
Greek: t|el|ÏεÏιÏÏÏοÏή|f|sc=Grek
trans-mid
Japanese: t|ja|å転|trkaiten|scJpan
Kurdish: KUchar|سÙÚاÙÙâÙÙâ, KUchar|Ø®ÙÙاÙÙâÙÙâ
Russian: t+|ru|обоÑоÑ|m|troborót|scCyrl
trans-bottom

trans-top|single loop of a coil
Danish: snoning c
Finnish: t+|fi|kierros
trans-mid
Japanese: t|ja|å·»ã|trmaki|scJpan
Russian: t+|ru|виÑок|m|trvitók|scCyrl
trans-bottom

trans-top|chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others
Arabic: ARchar|دÙر (dawr) m
Bulgarian: t+|bg|ÑмÑна|f|trsmjana|scCyrl, t+|bg|ÑедÑване|n|trreduvane|scCyrl
Danish: omgang c
Finnish: t+|fi|vuoro
Greek: t|el|ÏειÏά|f|sc=Grek
trans-mid
Japanese: t+|ja|çª|trban|scJpan
Kurdish: KUchar|ÙÛبÙâ, KUchar|ÙÛرÙâ
Russian: Ñод (Ïod) m, оÑеÑÐµÐ´Ñ (óÄer'ed') f
Swedish: turas om (construction with verbs)
trans-bottom

trans-top|one's chance to make a move in a game
Danish: t-|da|tur|c
Finnish: t+|fi|vuoro
Greek: t|el|ÏειÏά|f|sc=Grek
trans-mid
Japanese: t+|ja|çª|trban|scJpan
Kurdish: KUchar|ÙÛبÙâ, KUchar|ÙÛرÙâ
Russian: Ñод (Ïod) m
trans-bottom

trans-top|figure in music
Danish: dobbeltslag n
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|time required to complete a project
Finnish: toimitusaika
trans-mid
Japanese: t|ja|å·¥æ°|trkÅsu|scJpan
trans-bottom

trans-top|fit or period of giddiness
Danish: anfald n, ildebefindende n
Finnish: t+|fi|kohtaus
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|change in temperament or circumstance
Danish: tilbøjelighed c
Finnish: t+|fi|muutos
trans-mid
Japanese: t|ja|転æ©|trtenki|scJpan; (on a bad case) t|ja|転è½|trtenraku|scJpan
trans-bottom

trans-top|sideways movement of a cricket ball
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|fourth communal card in Texas hold 'em
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|(electric) the basic coil element that forms a single conducting loop comprised of one insulated conductor
German: Windung f
trans-mid
Russian: виÑок (vitók) m
trans-bottom

checktrans
trans-top|translations to be checked
ttbc|Arabic: ARchar|دÙرة f
ttbc|Bulgarian: вÑÑÑене (vÇrtene) n, завÑÑÑане (zavÇrtane) n
ttbc|German: Drehung f
ttbc|Swedish: varv
ttbc|Telugu: à°à±à°à±à°à± (chuTTu)
trans-bottom

Derived terms
top2
return
turnabout
turncoat
turning
turnout
mid2
turnover
turnpike
turnstile
turntable
bottom2

See also
ornament
trill

Category:1000 English basic words
Category:English ergative verbs


Dutch

Verb
turn

  1. first-person singular present tense of turnen<!--belongs on the Dutch page, not here: perform gymnastics; this is not idiomatic and so should not be wikified as a phrase-->

Icelandic

Noun
turn m

  1. tower

Category:Icelandic nouns


Norwegian

Noun
no-noun-mu|turn

  1. gymnastics

Category:Norwegian nouns


Romanian

Etymology
G.|lang=ro Turm

Pronunciation
IPA|[turn]|lang=ro

Noun
ro-noun|gendn|plturnuri

  1. tower
  2. chess|lang=ro rook

Declension
ro-noun-n|plturnuri|defturnul

Synonyms
italbrac|chess rook turÄ

ar:turn
de:turn
el:turn
es:turn
fr:turn
io:turn
is:turn
it:turn
kk:turn
ku:turn
hu:turn
ja:turn
pl:turn
pt:turn
ru:turn
simple:turn
fi:turn
ta:turn
te:turn
vi:turn
tr:turn
vo:turn
zh:turn

Revision and Credits for"turn"
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