Complete Definition of "to"

see|Appendix:Variations of "to"
wikipedia
English

rank|the|of|and|4|to|in|I|that

Pronunciation
(stressed): IPA|/tuː/, SAMPA|/tu:/
(unstressed, before consonants): IPA|/tə/, SAMPA|/[email protected]/
(unstressed, before vowels): IPA|/tʊ/, SAMPA|/tU/
audio|en-us-to.ogg|Audio (US)
:rhymes|uː

Etymology
OE. tō.

Homophones
too
two

Particle
en-part

  1. A particle used to mark the following verb as an infinitive.

#:I want to leave.
#:He asked me what to do.
#:I don’t know how to say it.
#:To err is human.

Translations
trans-top|infinitive-marker
Albanian: të, për të
Catalan: a
Czech: Infinitive is marked by an extension, not a marker.
Danish: t+|da|at
Dutch: t+|nl|te
French: t+|fr|-er, t-|fr|-re, t+|fr|-ir
German: t+|de|zu, t-|de|-en
Greek: (extension) -σει
Hungarian: (extension) -ni
trans-mid
Icelandic: t+|is|að
Italian: t-|it|-re
Norwegian: t|no|Ã¥
Persian: FAchar|دن|دَن (-dæn), FAchar|تن|تَن (-tæn)
Romanian a
Russian: (suffix) -ать, -ять, -еть, -ить
Scots: tae
Spanish: t-|es|-ar, t-|es|-er, t-|es|-ir
Swedish: t+|sv|att
trans-bottom

Preposition
en-prep

  1. In the direction of, and arriving at (indicating destination).

#: We are walking to the shop.

  1. Used after certain adjectives to indicate a relationship.

#:similar to ..., relevant to ..., pertinent to ..., I was nice to him, he was cruel to her.

  1. Used to indicate ratios.

#:one to one = 1:1
#:ten to one = 10:1.

  1. Used to indicate the indirect object.

#:I gave the book to him.

  1. (time) Preceding

#:ten to ten = 9:50; We're going to leave at ten to (the hour).

Translations
trans-top|in the direction of, and arriving at
Arabic: ARchar|الى (íla), ARchar|على|عَلى (ʕála)
Catalan: a, cap a
Chinese: 到 (dào)
Cornish:

Czech: t+|cs|k, t+|cs|ke, t+|cs|ku, t+|cs|do
Dutch: t+|nl|naar
Esperanto: t+|eo|al|xs=Esperanto
Finnish: expressed with the case of the headword, often allative case
French: t+|fr|à
German: t+|de|nach}, {{t+|de|zu, t+|de|in
Greek: προς (pros), σε (se)
Hebrew: אל (el), ...ל (le-), ...ב (bi-)
Hungarian: -hoz/-höz/-hez (allative, arriving at), felé (postposition, in the direction of)
Indonesian: ke, sampai, hingga, kepada
Interlingua: a
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|a, t+|it|in, t+|it|per
Japanese: t+|ja|へ|tre|scJAchar, t-|ja|まで|trmade|scJAchar
Korean: t-|ko|으로|treuro|scKOchar
Latin: t+|la|ad
Lithuanian: t+|lt|į|xs=Lithuanian
Maltese: t-|mt|lil|xsMaltese, t-|mt|lejn|xsMaltese, t-|mt|lill-|xsMaltese, t-|mt|lil-|xsMaltese
Novial: a
Persian: FAchar|به|بِه (be)
Portuguese: t+|pt|a, t+|pt|para
Romanian: t-|ro|la, t-|ro|către, t-|ro|spre
Russian: на#Russian|на; в#Russian|в, к#Russian|к (k) (words consisting of a consonant)
Slovene: k or h (if the next word begins with a "k" or "g"), proti
Spanish: t+|es|a t+|es|hacia
Swedish: t+|sv|till
Turkish: t+|tr|-e, t-|tr|-a, t-|tr|-ye, t-|tr|-ya
trans-bottom

trans-top|used after certain adjectives to indicate a relationship
Catalan: a
Czech: t+|cs|k, t+|cs|ke
Dutch: t+|nl|tegen, t+|nl|aan, t+|nl|met
French: t+|fr|à
Greek: t+|el|με|sc=Grek
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|a
Maltese: t-|mt|għal|xs=Maltese
Persian: FAchar|به|بِه (be)
Portuguese: t+|pt|com
Romanian: t+|ro|cu
Spanish: t+|es|a
Swedish: till, med (protagonistic relation), mot (antagonistic relation)
trans-bottom

trans-top|used to indicate ratios
Catalan: a
Chinese: 比 (bǐ)
Czech: t+|cs|ku
Dutch: t+|nl|tegen
Greek: t-|el|προς|sc=Grek
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|a, t+|it|per
Japanese: t+|ja|に|trni|scJAchar, t|ja|csJAchar|へ|tre
Romanian: t-|ro|la
Slovene: t+|sl|proti
Spanish: t+|es|a
Swedish: t+|sv|till
trans-bottom

See also
at

seeCites

Category:100 English basic words
Category:English two-letter words


Czech

Pronunciation
audio|Cs-to.ogg|audio

Pronoun
to

  1. it, that

Category:Czech pronouns


Danish

numeral|Danish
to

  1. cardinal|lang=da two

Category:Danish cardinal numbers


Ewe

Noun
to

  1. antelope
  2. ear
  3. father-in-law
  4. mortar
  5. mountain

Verb
to

  1. to crush
  2. to pound

Category:Ewe nouns
Category:Ewe verbs
Category:ee:Anatomy
Category:ee:Family
Category:ee:Mammals


Finnish

abbreviation|Finnish
to (from torstai)

  1. Thursday

Japanese

Particle
ja-pos|r|particle|hira=と

  1. and; with
  2. (used after certain nouns, forms an adverb)
  3. if
  4. when

Noun
ja-noun|r|hira=と

  1. ja-def|戸 door
  2. ja-def|都 metropolis

Norwegian

numeral|Norwegian
to

  1. cardinal|lang=no two

Category:Norwegian cardinal numbers


Polish

Pronunciation
IPA|/tɔ/

Pronoun
to

  1. this

See also
ta#Polish|ta
ten#Polish|ten

Category:Polish pronouns


Slovene

Pronoun
to n

  1. context|demonstrative this

Category:Slovene pronouns


Vietnamese

Adjective
to

  1. big, large
  2. great, considerable

Category:Vietnamese adjectives

af:to
ar:to
cs:to
da:to
de:to
et:to
el:to
es:to
fr:to
gl:to
hy:to
hr:to
io:to
it:to
kl:to
sw:to
ku:to
la:to
hu:to
nl:to
ja:to
no:to
nn:to
pl:to
pt:to
ru:to
sg:to
simple:to
sl:to
fi:to
sv:to
ta:to
te:to
vi:to
tr:to
uk:to
vo:to
zh:to

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