Complete Definition of "shield"

rfc-level|Etymology not at level 3
wikipedia
English

Noun
en-noun

  1. (Armor) A broad piece of defensive armor, carried on the arm, formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body.

#:Quotations
#:*1599: Knocks go and come; God's vassals drop and die; And sword and shield, In bloody field, Doth win immortal fame. — William Shakespeare, Henry V, Act III, Scene II, line 8.
#:*1786: The shields used by our Norman ancestors were the triangular or heater shield, the target or buckler, the roundel or rondache, and the pavais, pavache, or tallevas. — Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 22.

  1. Anything which protects or defends; defense; shelter; protection.

#:Quotations
#:*1592: Go muster men. My counsel is my shield; We must be brief when traitors brave the field. — William Shakespeare, Richard III, Act 4, Scene 3, line 56.

  1. Figuratively, one who protects or defends.

#:Quotations
#:*1611: Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward. The Holy Bible, King James Version, Genesis 15:1.

  1. botany In lichens, a hardened cup or disk surrounded by a rim and containing the fructification, or asci.
  2. heraldry The escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms.
  3. geology A large expanse of exposed stable Precambrian rock.
  4. mining (Mining) A framework used to protect workmen in making an adit under ground, and capable of being pushed along as excavation progresses.
  5. A spot resembling, or having the form of a shield.

#:Bespotted as with shields of red and black. Spenser.

  1. obsolete A coin, the old French crown, or écu, having on one side the figure of a shield.
  2. scifi A field of energy which protects or defends.
  3. colloquial A police badge

#:Quotations
#:*The chief put something in his hand and Bosch looked down to see the gold detective's shield. 1

  1. transport A sign or symbol, usually containing numbers and sometimes letters, identifying a highway route.

Etymology
Old English scield

Pronunciation
audio|en-us-shield.ogg|Audio (US)

:Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-iːld|-iːld

Translations
trans-top|armor
Albanian: t-|sq|mburojë|f|xs=Albanian
Arabic: ترْس
Breton: skoed m
Catalan: escut m
Chinese: zh-ts|盾|盾 (dùn)
Croatian: t+|hr|Å¡tit|m
Czech: t-|cs|štít|m
Danish: t-|da|skjold|m
Dutch: t-|nl|schild|n
Finnish: t-|fi|kilpi
French: t+|fr|écu|m
German: t+|de|Schild|m
Greek: t+|el|ασπίδα|f|sc=Grek
trreq|Hebrew
Hungarian: t+|hu|pajzs
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|scudo|m
Japanese: 盾(たて, tate)
Latin: t-|la|scutum|n
Nahuatl: chimal
Norwegian: t-|no|skjold|m
Polish: tarcza f
Portuguese: t|pt|escudo|m
Romanian: t-|ro|scut|m
Russian: щит /ščit/ m
Scottish Gaelic: sgiath f
Slovenian: ščit m
Spanish: t+|es|escudo|m
Swahili: ngao (noun 9/10)
Swedish: t+|sv|sköld
Turkish: t+|tr|kalkan
trans-bottom

trans-top|anything which protects or defends
Arabic: وِقايَه، وِقاء
Chinese: zh-ts|保護者|保护者 (bǎohùzhě), zh-ts|防護物|防护物 (fánghùwù)
Croatian: t+|hr|Å¡tit|m
Czech: t-|cs|štít|m, t-|cs|kryt
Danish: skjold; -skjold
Dutch: bescherming f, scherm n
Estonian: t-|et|kaitse
Finnish: t+|fi|suoja
French: t+|fr|bouclier|m
German: t+|de|Schutz|m
Greek: t+|el|ασπίδα|f|sc=Grek
Hungarian: t-|hu|védelem
Icelandic: t-|is|skjöldur
Indonesian: pelindung
Italian: t+|it|scudo|m, t+|it|protezione|f
trans-mid
Japanese: t-|ja|保護物|sc=Jpan
Korean: 보호물; 보호자
Latvian: aizsargs; ekrāns; aizsegs
Lithuanian: t+|lt|apsauga|xs=Lithuanian
Norwegian: t-|no|skjold, t-|no|skjerm|m, t-|no|vern
Polish: osłona
Portuguese: t+|pt|escudo|m
Romanian: t-|ro|pavăză
Russian: t+|ru|защита|sc=Cyrl
Slovak: t-|sk|štít, t-|sk|kryt
Slovenian: ščitnik
Spanish: t+|es|escudo|m
Swedish: sköld, skyddsplåt
Turkish: kalkan
trans-bottom

trans-top|figuratively, one who protects or defends
Croatian: t+|hr|Å¡tit|m
Czech: t-|cs|štít|m
Dutch: beschermer m, beschermster f
Greek: t+|el|ασπίδα|f|sc=Grek
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|heraldry
Dutch: t-|nl|wapenschild|n
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|mining
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|a spot resembling, or having the form of a shield.
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|obsolete: a coin, the old French crown, or écu
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|sci fi: an field of energy which protects or defends
Croatian: t+|hr|Å¡tit|m
Dutch: schild n, scherm n
Greek: t+|el|ασπίδα|f|sc=Grek
trans-mid
Russian: щит /ščit/ m
trans-bottom

trans-top|colloquial: a police badge
Dutch: t-|nl|badge|m, t-|nl|penning|m
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|transportation: a sign or symbol, usually containing numbers and sometimes letters, identifying a highway route.
Dutch: wegwijzer m, plaat f
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb

  1. To protect, to defend.

#*2004: w: Chris Wallace (journalist)|Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
#*:Shots rang out and a 15-year-old boy, shielding a woman from the line of fire, was killed.

  1. electricity to protect from the influence of

Etymology
Old English scieldan

See also
Shield (1) types: buckler, pavache, pavais, rondache, roundel, tallevas, targe, and target.

Translations
trans-top|to protect, to defend
Arabic: يَقي, يَحْمي
Chinese: zh-ts|保護|保护 (bǎohù)
Czech: t-|cs|chránit
Danish: beskytte
Dutch: afschermen, beschermen, verdedigen
Estonian: kaitsma
Finnish: t-|fi|suojata
French: t+|fr|protéger
German: t-|de|beschützen
Greek: t+|el|προστατεύω|scGrek, t+|el|προφυλάσσω|scGrek
Icelandic: t-|is|skÿla, t-|is|hlífa, t-|is|vernda
Indonesian: melindungi
Italian: t+|it|proteggere
trans-mid
Japanese: t-|ja|保護する|sc=Jpan
Korean: t-|ko|을 보호하다|sc=Hang
Latvian: aizsargāt
Lithuanian: saugoti
Norwegian: t-|no|skjerme, t-|no|verne
Polish: osłaniać
Portuguese: t+|pt|proteger
Romanian: a proteja
Russian: t+|ru|защищать|sc=Cyrl
Slovak: chrániť
Slovenian: ščititi
Spanish: t+|es|proteger
Swedish: t+|sv|skydda
Turkish: korumak
trans-bottom

trans-top|electricity: to protect from the influence of
Dutch: afschermen
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Category:Armor

ang:shield
el:shield
fa:shield
fr:shield
ko:shield
io:shield
ku:shield
lt:shield
hu:shield
ja:shield
pl:shield
ru:shield
fi:shield
ta:shield
te:shield
vi:shield
tr:shield
zh:shield

Revision and Credits for"shield"
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