Complete Definition of "shame"

English

Pronunciation
audio|en-us-shame.ogg|Audio (US)
:Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-eɪm|-eɪm

Etymology 1
Old English scamu. Compare Persian fa-Arab|شر٠(sharm).

Noun
en-noun|-

  1. uncomfortable|Uncomfortable or painful feeling due to recognition or consciousness of impropriety, dishonor, or other wrong in the opinion of the person experiencing the feeling. It is caused by awareness of exposure of circumstances of unworthy|unworthiness or of improper or indecent conduct.

#: When I realized that I had hurt my friend, I felt deep shame.
#: The teenager couldnât bear the shame of introducing his parents.

  1. Something to regret.

#: It was a shame not to see the show after driving all that way.
#: "And what you do to me is a shame." - Evelyn "Champagne" King, in the song Shame.

  1. archaic That which is shameful and private, especially on the personal body.

#: Cover your shame!

Derived terms
body shame

Usage notes
While shame is not generally counted, it is countable, for example

While shame has a strong social element and can carry fear of being shut out of society, it is also possible to feel private shame at violating ones own private standards.

Translations
rfc-level|Translations at L3+ (AutoFormat? would have corrected level of Phrases)
trans-top|uncomfortable or painful feeling
Arabic: ARchar|خج٠IPAchar|(Ïájal) m
Catalan: vergonya f
Chinese Characters: æ¥
Chinese: ç¾è¾± (xiÅ«rÇ)
Czech: t-|cs|stud|m
Dutch: t+|nl|schaamte|f
Estonian: häbi
Finnish: t-|fi|häpeä
French: t+|fr|honte|f
German: t+|de|Scham|f
Greek: νÏÏοÏή (dropí) f
trans-mid
Hungarian: t+|hu|szégyen
Italian: t+|it|vergogna|f
Japanese: æ¥ (ã¯ã, haji), ç¾æ¥å¿ (ãããã¡ãã), é¢æ±ã (ã¤ãããã, tsurayogoshi)
Korean: ìì¹ (suchi)
Kurdish:

Nahuatl: pinauia
Occitan: vergonha f
Portuguese: t+|pt|vergonha|f
Russian: t+|ru|ÑÑÑд|m|trstyd|scCyrl
Spanish: t+|es|vergüenza|f
Swedish: skam c
Telugu: సిà°à±à°à± (siggu)
trans-bottom

trans-top|something to regret
Catalan: vergonya f
Chinese Characters: æ¥
Chinese: ç¾è¾± (xiÅ«rÇ)
Czech: Å¡koda f (pity), ostuda f
Dutch: schande f
Finnish: t-|fi|häpeä|f
French: t+|fr|honte|f
German: t-|de|Schande|f
Greek: νÏÏοÏή (dropí) f
trans-mid
Hungarian: t+|hu|szégyen
Japanese: æ¥ (ã¯ã, haji), ç¾æ¥å¿ (ãããã¡ãã), é¢æ±ã (ã¤ãããã, tsurayogoshi)
Korean: ìì¹ (suchi)
Russian: t+|ru|ÑÑÑд|m|trstyd|scCyrl, t+|ru|позоÑ|m|trpozór|scCyrl
Spanish: t+|es|vergüenza|f
Swedish: t-|sv|synd|c
Telugu: సిà°à±à°à± (siggu)
trans-bottom

Etymology 2
Old English scamian

Verb
en-verb|sham|ing

  1. To cause to feel shame.

#: I was shamed by the teacher's public disapproval.

Translations
trans-top|to cause to feel shame
Chinese: å°ç¾è¾±, 对ç¾è¾± (duì xiÅ« rÇ)
Czech: stydÄt se
Hungarian: t+|hu|megszégyenít, t+|hu|megaláz
trans-mid
Japanese: æ¥ããã|æ¥ããããã (haji o kakaseru)
Portuguese: t+|pt|envergonhar
Russian: ÑÑÑдиÑÑ/пÑиÑÑÑдиÑÑ (stydít'/pristydít')
trans-bottom

Derived terms
ashamed
shame on you
shamefaced
shameful
shameless

References
R:1913

Category:1000 English basic words

ang:shame
ar:shame
fa:shame
fr:shame
io:shame
it:shame
kk:shame
ku:shame
hu:shame
pl:shame
simple:shame
fi:shame
ta:shame
te:shame
vi:shame
zh:shame

Revision and Credits for"shame"
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