Complete Definition of "rock"

see|Rock|rocks
wikipedia
English

Pronunciation
AHD|r�k, IPA|/r�k/, SAMPA|/rQk/
Audio files:
:Received Pronunciation: <span class"IPA" style"font-family:IPA fonts;">[ɹʷ�k]</span>
:Standard Midwestern: <span class"IPA" style"font-family:IPA fonts;">[ɹʷ�k]</span>
:Australian: <span class"IPA" style"font-family:IPA fonts;">[ɹʷ�k]</span>
audio|en-us-rock.ogg|Audio (US)
Rhymes: <span class"IPA" style"font-family:IPA fonts;">Rhymes:English:-�k|-�k</span>

Homophones
roc

Etymology 1
From OF. roque, compare French roche

Noun
en-noun|s|-

  1. uncountable The naturally occurring aggregate of solid mineral matter that constitutes a significant part of the earth's crust.

#:*The face of the cliff is solid rock.

  1. A mass of stone projecting out of the ground or water.

#:*The ship crashed on the rocks.

  1. A boulder or large stone.

#:*Some fool has thrown a rock through my window.

  1. A large hill or island having no vegetation.

#:*Pearl Rock near Cape Cod is so named because the morning sun makes it gleam like a pearl.
#* Pearl, Wikipedia 1
#*:The location is particularly well known for its Pearl Mountain or "Pearl Rock". This huge granite rock is formed by three rounded outcrops that make up Pearl Mountain and has been compared in majesty to Uluru (formerly known as Ayers Rock) in Australia."

  1. figuratively Something that is strong, stable, and dependable; a person who provides security or support to another.

#*1611: w:King James Bible|King James Bible, wikisource:Bible, King James, Matthew#Chapter 16|Matthew 16:18
#*:And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
#*1991: Robert Harling and Andrew Bergman, w:Soapdish|Soapdish, Paramount Pictures
#*:Celeste Talbert: She is my rock, my right hand.

  1. geology Any natural material with a distinctive composition of minerals.
  2. slang A precious stone or gem, especially a diamond.

#:*Look at the size of that rock on her finger!

  1. A lump or cube of ice.

#:*I'll have a whisky on the rocks, please.

  1. UK uncountable A type of confectionery made from sugar in the shape of a stick, traditionally having some text running through its length.

#:*While we're in Brighton, let's get a stick of rock!

  1. US slang A crystalized lump of crack cocaine.
  2. US slang An unintelligent person, especially one who repeats mistakes.
  3. (South African derogatory.)slang An Afrikaner

#*rock-spider 2
#*:Being an Afrikaner, I have been referred to many times as being a "rock".

  1. US slang In poker, an extremely conservative player who is willing to play only the very strongest hands.

Synonyms
(natural mineral aggregate): stone
(projecting mass of rock'): cliff
(boulder or large stone): boulder, pebble, stone
(hill or island without vegetation):
(something strong, stable, and dependable): foundation, support
(distinctive composition of minerals):
(precious stone or gem): gem, diamond
(lump of ice): ice, ice cube
(
confectionery made from sugar):
(
crystalized lump of crack cocaine): crack
(
unintelligent person):
(
Afrikaner''): Afrikaner

Translations
trans-top|natural mineral aggregate
Afrikaans: rots
Arabic: ARchar|صخرة (ṣaxra) f
Aramaic:

Catalan: quer m, roc m, roca f, pedra f
Croatian: t+|hr|stijena|f
Czech: t-|cs|skála|f
Dutch: t+|nl|steen|m, t+|nl|rots
Finnish: t+|fi|kallio
French: t+|fr|roche|f, t+|fr|roc|m
German: Fels m, Gestein n
trans-mid
Greek: t+|el|�έ��α|f|trpétra|scGrek
Italian: t+|it|roccia|f
Maltese: Ä¡ebla f
Norwegian: t+|no|stein|m
Old English: t-|ang|stan|m|altst�n|xsOld English
Polish: ska�a f
Portuguese: rocha f
Russian: (го�н�й|го�на�) по�ода ((górnaja) poróda) f
Serbian: stena, kamen, kamenica, skala
Slovene: t+|sl|skala|f, t+|sl|kamen|m
Spanish: t+|es|piedra|f, t+|es|roca|f
Swedish: t+|sv|berg|c
Vietnamese: t+|vi|�á|xs=Vietnamese
trans-bottom

trans-top|mass of projecting rock
Arabic: ARchar|صخرة IPAchar|(�á�ra) f
Aramaic:

Catalan: roc m, roca f, pedra f
Chinese: �頭, �头 (shítóu)
Croatian: t+|hr|stijena|f
Czech: t-|cs|skála|f
Dutch: klif, rots#Dutch|rots
Finnish: t+|fi|kivi, t+|fi|kari
French: t-|fr|rocher|m
German Felsen m, Fels m, Klippe f
trans-mid
Hungarian: t+|hu|szikla
Italian: t+|it|roccia|f
Japanese: 岩 (iwa)
Korean: �� (bawi)
Norwegian: t-|no|klippe|m
Portuguese: rocha f
Russian: �кала (skalá) f, ���� (utjós) m
Slovene: t+|sl|skala|f
Spanish: roca f, peñasco m
Swedish: t+|sv|klippa|c
trans-bottom

trans-top|large stone or boulder
Afrikaans: rots
Aramaic:

Catalan: quer m, roca f
Croatian: t+|hr|stijena|f
Czech: t+|cs|kámen|m
Dutch: t+|nl|rots
Finnish: t+|fi|kivi
French: t-|fr|rocher|m, t+|fr|roc|m
German: Felsbrocken m, Felsblock m, erratic: Findling m
trans-mid
Hungarian: t+|hu|szikla
Italian: t+|it|roccia|f
Norwegian: t-|no|kampestein|m
Old English: t-|ang|carr|m|xsOld English, t-|ang|clifstan|m|altclifst�n|xs=Old English
Polish: ska�a f, g�az m
Portuguese: rocha f
Romanian: t-|ro|stan�|f
Russian: камен� (kámen�) m, вал�н (valún) m
Serbian: t-|sr|stena
Slovak: t-|sk|skala|f
Slovene: t+|sl|skala|f, t+|sl|kamen|m
Spanish: t+|es|peña|f
Swedish: klippblock n, stenblock n
trans-bottom

trans-top|hill or island without vegetation
Catalan: roc m
Dutch: t+|nl|rots
Finnish: kallio (hill), luoto (island)
German: Klippe f, Felsen m, Schäre f
trans-mid
Norwegian: t-|no|klippe|m
Portuguese: rochedo m
Russian: �кала (skalá) f, ���� (utjós) m
Serbian: stena
Swedish: skär n (island)
trans-bottom

trans-top|something strong, stable, and dependable
Afrikaans: rots
Aramaic:

Dutch: t+|nl|steen
trans-mid
Finnish: t+|fi|kallio
German Fels m, Fels in der Brandung
Norwegian: t-|no|klippe|m
Russian: опо�а f, ��ндамен� m
Swedish: t+|sv|klippa|c
trans-bottom

trans-top|distinctive composition of minerals
Faroese: t-|fo|grót|xs=Faroese
Finnish: t-|fi|kivilaji
German: Gestein n
Norwegian: bergart m
trans-mid
Russian: по�ода (poróda) f
Swedish: bergart c
trans-bottom

trans-top|precious stone or gem

Catalan: pedra (preciosa) f
Finnish: t+|fi|kivi
French: caillou,diam m (diamond)
German: Klunker m
Greek: t+|el|�έ��α|f|sc=Grek (pétra)
Norwegian: edelstein m
trans-mid
Portuguese: t+|pt|pedra|f
Russian: (д�аго�енн�й) камен� m
Spanish: piedra (preciosa) f
Swedish: ädelsten c (generally), diamant c (especially)
trans-bottom

trans-top|lump of ice
Finnish: t-|fi|jääkuutio, t+|fi|jää|alt=jäät
Norwegian: isbit m
trans-mid
Portuguese: cubo (de gelo) m
Russian: on the rocks&nbsp;� �о л�дом
Swedish: isbit c
trans-bottom

trans-top|confectionary made from sugar
Dutch: kandij, suikerstok
Finnish: tikkunekku
French: t-|fr|sucre d'orge
German: Kandiszucker m, Zuckerstange f
trans-mid
Norwegian: kandissukker m
Russian: ледене� m, ка�амел� f
Swedish: polkagris c (approximately)
trans-bottom

trans-top|crystalized lump of crack cocaine
Norwegian: t-|no|crack
trans-mid
Russian: к��к m
Spanish: t+|es|piedra|n
Swedish: t-|sv|crack|n
trans-bottom

trans-top|unintelligent person
Finnish: tollo
trans-mid
Russian: ��пи�а c, бивен� m italbrac|colloquial
trans-bottom

trans-top|Afrikaner
trans-mid
Russian: а��иканде� m, б�� m
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans
ttbc|Hungarian: k�
ttbc|Italian: roccia f (1,2), pietra f (2), sasso m (3), masso m (4), scoglio m (5)
ttbc|Spanish: peña f (1,2), roca f (1,2)
ttbc|Swahili: jiwe (2), mawe pl (noun 5/6) (1,2)

Derived terms
top2
bedrock
between a rock and a hard place
dumb as rocks
get one's rocks off
hit the rock
hit the rocks
on the rocks
rock bottom
rock crystal
rock dove
Rock English
rockery
mid2
rock garden
rock hard
rockiness
Rock of Ages
rock pigeon
rock rabbit
rock salt
rock scorpion
rocky
see rocks ahead
steady as a rock
sunken rock
the Rock
The Rock

Etymology 2
From ME. rokken < OE. roccian. Cognates include Old Norse rykkja �pull, tear, move� (Swedish rycka �pull, pluck�), Middle Dutch rucken#Middle Dutch|rucken, Old High German rucchan (German rücken, rucken#German|rucken'' �move jerkily�). The noun is a derivation of the verb.

Verb
en-verb

  1. transitive & intransitive To move gently back and forth.

#:*Rock the baby to sleep.
#:*The empty swing rocked back and forth in the wind.

  1. transitive To cause to shake or sway violently.

#:*Don't rock the boat.

  1. intransitive To sway or tilt violently back and forth.

#:*The boat rocked at anchor.

  1. transitive & intransitive To be washed and panned in a cradle or in a rocker (with reference to ore etc)

#:*The ores had been rocked and laid out for inspection.

  1. transitive to disturb the emotional equilibrium of; to disturb or distress

#:*Downing Street has been rocked by yet another sex scandal.

Synonyms
(move gently back and forth): sway, swing
(cause to shake or sway violently): agitate, churn, convulse, shake
(sway or tilt violently): shake
(be washed and panned):
(disturb the mental or emotional equilibrium): upset

Translations
trans-top|move gently back and forth
Afrikaans: wieg
Dutch: t-|nl|wiegen
Finnish: keinuttaa (tr.), keinua (intr.)
French: remuer, babies : bercer
German: schwanken, schaukeln, baby: wiegen
Italian: t-|it|cullare
trans-mid
Norwegian: gynge
Portuguese: embalar, balançar
Russian: ка�а�� (ka�át�); ка�а���� (ka�át�sja); (rock to sleep) �ка�ива�� (uká�ivat�), ба�ка�� (bajúkat�)
Serbian: ljuljati, klackati
Slovene: zibati
Swedish: gunga, vagga (baby), vyssja (baby)
trans-bottom

trans-top|cause to shake or sway violently
Afrikaans: skud
Finnish: keikuttaa
French: secouer, boat : faire tanguer
Norwegian: riste
trans-mid
Portuguese: balançar, abalar
Russian: ка�а�� (ka�át�), �а�ка�ива�� (raská�ivat�)
Serbian: drmati, uzdrmati
Slovene: zibati
Swedish: skaka
trans-bottom

trans-top|sway or tilt violently back and forth
Afrikaans: waggel
Dutch: schommelen, waggelen
Finnish: keikkua
German: schaukeln, naut. stampfen
Italian: t-|it|cullare
Norwegian: gynge
trans-mid
Portuguese: balançar, abalar
Russian: ка�а���� (ka�át�sja), �а�ка�ива���� (raská�ivat�sja)
Serbian: drmati
Slovene: zibati
Swedish: kränga (vehicle)
trans-bottom

trans-top|be washed and panned
Finnish: t-|fi|huuhtoa
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|disturb the mental or emotional equilibrium
Finnish: ravisuttaa
German: auwühlen, schockieren
Norwegian: ryste, sjokkere
trans-mid
Portuguese: balançar, abalar
Russian: по����а�� (potrjasát�)
Serbian: t-|sr|potresti
Swedish: chocka, skaka
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
<!--Remove this section once all of the translations below have been moved into the tables above.-->
checktrans

ttbc|Interlingua: sonar rock (1); exceller (2); balanciar se, oscillar, vacillar (3)
ttbc|Interlingua: balanciar (2), (a baby in a cradle) cunar (2)
ttbc|Tupinambá: bibi

Derived terms
rock with laughter
rocker
rockily
rocking chair
rocky
rocky chair
rock the boat
rock-a-bye

Noun
en-noun

  1. An act of rocking.

Synonyms
(act of rocking):

Translations
trans-top|act of rocking
Finnish: keinunta, keinutus, keikunta, keikutus, ravistelu
French: t-|fr|secousse|f
trans-mid
Swedish: gungning n, vaggande n, vyssjande n
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
<!--Remove this section once all of the translations below have been moved into the tables above.-->
checktrans

ttbc|Interlingua: rocca (1, 3)
ttbc|Irish: carraig f2
ttbc|Latin: petrus (1)<!--this must be modern Latin:, rock (2)-->
ttbc|Romanian: piatr� f, roc� f
ttbc|Slovak: skala#Slovak|skala f (1, 3)

Etymology 3
Shortened from rock and roll. Since the meaning of rock has adapted to mean a simpler, more modern, metal-like genre, "rock and roll" has generally been left referring to earlier forms such as that of the 1950s, notably more swing-oriented style.

Noun
en-noun|-

  1. A style of music characterized by basic drum-beat, generally 4/4 riffs, based on (usually electric) guitar, bass guitar, drums, and vocals.

Synonyms
(style of music):

Translations
trans-top|style of music
Catalan: rock
Croatian: t+|hr|rok|m
Dutch: t-|nl|rock|m
Finnish: t-|fi|rokki, t+|fi|rock
French: t+|fr|rock|m
German: t+|de|Rock|m
Greek: t|el|�οκ|n|sc=Grek or f (rok)
Interlingua: rock
Italian: t+|it|rock|m
trans-mid
Japanese: t-|ja|���|trrokku|scJpan
Korean: � (rok)
Mandarin: zh-ts|�滾�|��� (yáog�nyuè)
Portuguese: t+|pt|rock|m
Russian: �ок (rok) m
Slovene: t+|sl|rock|m
Spanish: t-|es|rock|m
Swedish: rock#Swedish|rock c, rock'n'roll c
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb

  1. intransitive To play, perform, or enjoy rock music, especially with a lot of skill or energy.

#:*Let's rock!

  1. intransitive slang To be very favourable or skilful.

#:*Chocolate rocks.

  1. transitive to thrill or excite, especially with rock music

#:*Let's rock this joint!

Synonyms
(play, perform, or enjoy rock music):
(be very favourable or skilful): rule
(thrill or excite):

Antonyms
(be very favourable or skilful): suck

Translations
trans-top|to play, perform, or enjoy rock music
Finnish: t-|fi|rokata
German: rocken
trans-mid
Swedish: rocka, spela rock#Swedish|rock
trans-bottom

trans-top|slang: to be very favourable or skilful
Finnish: rulettaa
German rocken (but usually the English term is used)
trans-mid
Russian: ��ли�� (rulít�)
Swedish: rocka
trans-bottom

trans-top|to thrill or excite
Finnish: panna vauhti|vauhtia
German: aufmischen (originally means "beat up")
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Derived terms
folk rock
glam rock
punk rock
punk rocker
rocker

Related terms
rock and roll

Etymology 4
From Middle Dutch rocke (Dutch rok), Middle Low German rocken, or Old Norse rokkr (Icelandic / Faroese rokkur, Danish rok, Swedish spinnrock �spinning wheel�). Cognate with Old High German rocko �distaff�.

Noun
en-noun|s|-

  1. countable distaff
  2. uncountable The flax or wool on a distaff.

Synonyms
(distaff): distaff
(flax or wool):

Translations
distaff

trans-top|flax or wool on a distaff
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Anagrams
cork

Category:English ergative verbs
Category:English words with multiple etymologies


Swedish

Pronunciation
audio|Sv-rock.ogg|audio

Noun
rock c

  1. rock#Etymology 3|rock, rock and roll
  2. coat, overcoat

Category:South African English
Category:Swedish nouns

ar:rock
de:rock
el:rock
fr:rock
gl:rock
hy:rock
io:rock
id:rock
it:rock
ku:rock
lt:rock
hu:rock
pl:rock
pt:rock
ru:rock
simple:rock
sl:rock
fi:rock
sv:rock
ta:rock
te:rock
vi:rock
zh:rock

Revision and Credits for"rock"
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