Complete Definition of "reason"

wikipedia
English

rank|John|hour|air|368|reason|feel|behind|sn

Etymology
From Anglo-Norman resoun (OF. raison), from L. rationem (accusative of ratio#Latin|ratio).

Pronunciation
IPA|/ËɹiËzn/, SAMPA|/"ri:zn/
audio|en-us-reason.ogg|Audio (US)
Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-iËzÉn|-iËzÉn
Hyphenation: rea·son

Noun
en-noun

  1. A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.

#: He had no reason to do that.

  1. The mind, the reasoning processes of the mind.

#: Mankind should develop reason above all other virtues.

  1. Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.

#: I was promised, on a time, To have reason for my rhyme. âSpenser

  1. context|mathematics|obsolete ratio; proportion.

Synonyms
(support of a determination) rationale, motive, proof

Translations
trans-top|A thought or a consideration
Arabic: ARchar|سبب (sábab) m
Albanian: arsye
Chinese: åå  (yuányÄ«n)
Czech: důvod m
Danish: grund
Dutch: oorzaak f
Finnish: syy, peruste, vaikutin
French: cause f
German: Ursache f, Grund m
Hungarian: ok#Hungarian|ok
trans-mid
Italian: causa f
Japanese: Jpan|çç± (Jpan|ããã, riyÅ«), Jpan|訳 (Jpan|ãã, wake)
Korean: ì´ì  (iyu)
Kurdish: KUchar|ÙÛ
Norwegian: grunn
Polish: powód m, przyczyna f
Portuguese: causa f
Russian: пÑиÑина (priÄína) f
Spanish: causa f, razón f
Swedish: orsak
trans-bottom

trans-top|The faculty of capacity of the human mind
Albanian: arsye
Arabic: ARchar|عÙÙ IPAchar|(Êáql) m
Catalan: raó f
Chinese: çè´ (lÇzhì)
Czech: rozum m
Danish: fornuft
Dutch: reden f, rede f
Finnish: järki
French: raison m
German: Verstand m, Vernunft f
Hungarian: értelem
trans-mid
Italian: ragione f
Japanese: ææ® (ããã, shiryo)
Korean: ì´ì± (iseong)
Norwegian: fornuft
Polish: rozum m
Portuguese: razão f
Russian: ÑазÑм (rázum)
Spanish: razón f
Swedish: förstånd
trans-bottom

trans-top|Due exercise of the reasoning faculty
Albanian: arsye
Finnish: järkeily, järjen käyttö
trans-mid
Spanish: razón f
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb

  1. intransitive To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.
  2. intransitive Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.
  3. intransitive To converse; to compare opinions.
  4. transitive To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss.

#: I reasoned the matter with my friend.

  1. transitive|rare To support with reasons, as a request.
  2. transitive To persuade by reasoning or argument.

#: to reason one into a belief; to reason one out of his plan

  1. transitive To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons; â with down.

#: to reason down a passion

  1. transitive To find by logical process; to explain or justify by reason or argument; â usually with out.

#: to reason out the causes of the librations of the moon'''

Translations
trans-top|To exercise the rational faculty
Danish: ræsonnere, overveje
Finnish: pohtia, järkeillä
trans-mid
Polish: rozumowaÄ
Russian: ÑаÑÑÑждаÑÑ (rassuždátâ)
trans-bottom

trans-top|To carry on a process of deduction or of induction
Danish: slutte
Finnish: järkeillä
trans-mid
Polish: przekonywaÄ
Russian: пÑодÑмаÑÑ (prodúmatâ)
trans-bottom

checktrans-top|transitive
ttbc|Chinese: çç± (lÇ yóu)
ttbc|Indonesian: alas|alasan, sebab, dasar
trans-mid
ttbc|Romanian: motiv n (1), raţiune f (2)
ttbc|Yiddish: ס××× f (1), ש××× m (2)
ttbc|Telugu: à°à°¾à°°à°£à°®à± (kaaraNamu)
trans-bottom

Related terms
rhyme or reason

Category:1000 English basic words

ar:reason
zh-min-nan:reason
fr:reason
ko:reason
io:reason
id:reason
it:reason
kk:reason
hu:reason
ja:reason
pt:reason
ru:reason
simple:reason
fi:reason
ta:reason
te:reason
vi:reason
tr:reason
zh:reason

Revision and Credits for"reason"
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