From L. paganismus, "heathenism", from paganus, "peasant, rural, rustic". The term was used as an insult by the early Christians to belittle what remained of the native religions.
- Local religions practiced before the introduction of Christianity.
#: Recently converted societies often dealt harshly with signs of a return to paganism.
- A class of religions often associated with nature rituals.
#: While paganism is a broad term, most forms pay close attention to the lunar and solar cycles.