Complete Definition of "jump"

English

Pronunciation
AHD|jÅ­mp, IPA|/dÊÊmp/, SAMPA|/dZVmp/
audio|en-us-jump.ogg|Audio (US)

Verb
en-verb

  1. intransitive To propel oneself rapidly upward such that momentum causes the body to become airborne.
  2. intransitive To cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward.
  3. intransitive To employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  4. intransitive To react to a sudden, often unexpected, stimulus (such as a sharp prick or a loud sound) by jerking the body violently.
  5. intransitive To employ a move in certain board games where one game piece is moved from one legal position to another passing over the position of another piece.
  6. transitive To move to a position in (a queue/line) that is further forward.
  7. transitive To attack suddenly and violently.
  8. transitive To force to jump.

#:The rider jumped the horse over the fence.

Synonyms
italbrac|propel oneself upwards: leap
italbrac|cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall: jump down, jump off
italbrac|employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location: skydive
italbrac|react to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body violently: flinch, jerk, jump out of one's skin, leap out of one's skin, twitch

Related terms

jumpy
jumpily
jump about
jump around
jump at
jump down
mid
jump in
jump off
jump on
jump out
jump out at
jump up

Derived terms
See also jumped, jumper and jumping

rel-top3|terms derived from jump
jumper<!--one who jumps-->
jump leads
jump out of one's skin
jump rope<!--verb-->
rel-mid3
jump seat
jump ship
jump shot
jump-start
rel-mid3
jump suit
jump the gun
jump the shark
jumped-up
rel-bottom

Translations
trans-top|propel oneself rapidly upward such that momentum causes the body to become airborne
Danish: springe, hoppe
Dutch: springen, opspringen
Finnish: hypätä
French: t+|fr|sauter
Italian: t+|it|saltare
Japanese: JAchar|跳㶠(ã¨ã¶ tobu), JAchar|[[ã¸ã£ã³ãã{{trans-mid
ã]]}} (janpusuru)
Norwegian: t+|no|hoppe
Russian: пÑÑгаÑÑ (prýgat') (impf), пÑÑгнÑÑÑ (prýgnut') pf; ÑкакаÑÑ (skakát') impf, ÑкакнÑÑÑ (skaknút') pf
Slovene: skoÄiti
trans-bottom

trans-top|cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward
Danish: springe, hoppe
Dutch: springen
Finnish: hypätä (alas)
French: t+|fr|sauter
Italian: t+|it|saltare
Japanese: JAchar|é£ã³éãã (ã¨ã³ããã, tobioriru)
trans-mid
Norwegian: t+|no|hoppe
Russian: пÑÑгаÑÑ (prýgat') (impf), пÑÑгнÑÑÑ (prýgnut') pf; ÑпÑÑгиваÑÑ (sprýgivat') (impf), ÑпÑÑгнÑÑÑ (sprýgnut') pf
Slovene: skoÄiti
trans-bottom

trans-top|employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location
Danish: springe
Dutch: springen (parachutespringen)
Finnish: hypätä
Norwegian: t+|no|hoppe
trans-mid
Russian: пÑÑгаÑÑ (prýgat') (impf), пÑÑгнÑÑÑ (prýgnut') pf; ÑпÑÑгиваÑÑ (sprýgivat') (impf), ÑпÑÑгнÑÑÑ (sprýgnut') pf
Slovene: skoÄiti
trans-bottom

trans-top|react to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body violently
Danish: spjætte, fare sammen
Dutch: opspringen, opschrikken
Finnish: hätkähtää
French: t|fr|sursauter
Norwegian: t|no|skvette
trans-mid
Russian: вÑкакиваÑÑ (vskákivat') impf, вÑкоÑиÑÑ (vskoÄíit') pf; подпÑÑгиваÑÑ (podprýgivat') impf, [подпÑÑгнÑÑÑ]] (podprýgnut') pf; вздÑагиваÑÑ (vzdrágivat') impf, вздÑогнÑÑÑ (vzdrógnut') pf
Slovene: skoÄiti, poskoÄiti
trans-bottom

trans-top|employ a move in certain board games in which one piece moves over another
Danish: springe
Dutch: springen, zetten
Finnish: hypätä
Norwegian: t+|no|hoppe over
trans-mid
Russian: пеÑепÑÑгиваÑÑ (p'er'eprýgivat') (impf), пеÑепÑÑгнÑÑÑ (p'er'eprýgnut') pf; пеÑеÑкакиваÑÑ (p'er'eskákivat') impf, пеÑеÑкоÑиÑÑ (p'er'eskoÄít') pf
Slovene: preskoÄiti
trans-bottom

trans-top|move to a position in (a queue/line) that is further forward
Danish: springe over
Dutch: voordringen
Finnish: etuilla
trans-mid
Norwegian: t+|no|snike, t+|no|gå forbi
Japanese: JAchar|é£ã³è¶ã (ã¨ã³ãã, tobikosu)
Slovene: preskoÄiti
trans-bottom

checktrans
trans-top|translations to be checked
ttbc|Breton: lammat (1,2,3), sailhañ (1,2), gourlammat (4)
ttbc|Bulgarian: скачам (1,2,3), подскачам (4), прескачам (5)
ttbc|Esperanto: salti
ttbc|Estonian: hüppama
ttbc|German: springen
ttbc|Guaraní: po#Guaraní|po
ttbc|Hebrew: ×קפ××¥
ttbc|Indonesian: lompat, loncat
ttbc|Interlingua: saltar
ttbc|Korean: ë°ë¤ (ttwida), ì ííë¤ (jeompeuhada)
ttbc|Latvian: lekt;
ttbc|Malayalam: à´à´¾à´àµà´ (chaatuka)
ttbc|Polish: skakaÄ imperf, skoczyÄ perf (1, 2, 3), podskoczyÄ (4), przeskoczyÄ (5)
ttbc|Portuguese: saltar, pular
ttbc|Romanian: sÄri, sÄlta
ttbc|Spanish: saltar
ttbc|Tupinambá: por#Tupinambá|por
trans-bottom

Noun
en-noun

  1. An instance of propelling oneself into the air.
  2. An instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location.
  3. An instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  4. An instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body.
  5. A jumping move in a board game.
  6. context|sports|horses An obstacle that forms part of a showjumping course, and that the horse has to jump over cleanly.

Synonyms
italbrac|instance of propelling oneself into the air: leap
italbrac|instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location
italbrac|instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location:
italbrac|instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body: flinch, jerk, twitch

Derived terms
<!--"for the high jump" is derived from "high jump"-->
high jump
hop, skip and jump
jump rope<!--noun-->
long jump
triple jump

Translations
trans-top|instance of propelling oneself into the air
Danish: spring n, hop n
Dutch: sprong m
Finnish: hyppy
French: t+|fr|saut|m
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|salto|m
Kurdish: KUchar|باز
Norwegian: t+|no|hopp|n}, {{t+|no|sprang|n},
Russian: пÑÑжок (pryžók) {{m
, ÑкаÑок (skaÄók) m
Slovene: skok m
trans-bottom

trans-top|instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location
Danish: spring n, hop n
Dutch: sprong m
Finnish: hyppy
French: t+|fr|saut|m
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|salto|m
Norwegian: t+|no|hopp|n}, {{t+|no|sprang|n},
Russian: пÑÑжок (pryžók) {{m

Slovene: skok m
trans-bottom

trans-top|instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location
Danish: spring n
Dutch: sprong m
Finnish: hyppy
trans-mid
Norwegian: t+|no|hopp|n}, {{t+|no|sprang|n},
Russian: пÑÑжок (pryžók) {{m

Slovene: skok m
trans-bottom

trans-top|instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body
Danish: spjæt n
Dutch: sprong m
Finnish: sätky
trans-mid
Norwegian: t+|no|skvetting|m}
Slovene: skok {{m
, poskok m
trans-bottom

trans-top|jumping move in a board game
Danish: spring n
Dutch: sprong m
Finnish: hyppy
trans-mid
Norwegian: t+|no|sprang|n}
Russian: пÑÑжок (pryžók) {{m

Slovene: preskok m
trans-bottom

checktrans
trans-top|translations to be checked
ttbc|Arabic: ÙÙز
ttbc|Breton: lamm m (1,2), sailh m (1)
ttbc|Bulgarian: скок m
ttbc|Esperanto: salto
ttbc|Estonian: hüpe
ttbc|German: Sprung m
ttbc|Guaraní: po
ttbc|Hebrew: קפ××¦× f
ttbc|Interlingua: salto#Interlingua|salto
ttbc|Malayalam: à´à´¾à´àµà´à´ (chaattam)
ttbc|Polish: skok m
ttbc|Portuguese: salto m, pulo m
ttbc|Romanian: salt#Romanian|salt n, sÄriturÄ f
ttbc|Spanish: salto m
ttbc|Tagalog: talon
ttbc|Tupinambá: pora
trans-bottom

Adverb
jump

  1. obsolete exactly; precisely

Quotations
#: "Thus twice before, and jump at this dead hour,
#:
With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch."'' - Marcellus, in "Hamlet" by William Shakespeare, act 1 scene 1, l 64-65

Category:1000 English basic words

ar:jump
de:jump
el:jump
es:jump
fr:jump
io:jump
id:jump
it:jump
kk:jump
hu:jump
ja:jump
no:jump
pt:jump
simple:jump
fi:jump
ta:jump
te:jump
th:jump
vi:jump
uk:jump
zh:jump

Revision and Credits for"jump"
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