Complete Definition of "iris"

see|Iris
wikipedia
English

Etymology
From Middle English, from Latin, from Greek unicode|ίÏÎ¹Ï (iris), rainbow.

Pronunciation
AHD|ī'rĭs, IPA|/aɪrɪs/, SAMPA|/aIrIs/
audio|en-us-iris.ogg|Audio (US)

Noun
Image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|thumb|right|280px|A plant of the genus, Iris.
Image:Human eye cross-sectional view grayscale.png|thumb|right|280px|Illustration showing parts of the human eye, including the iris.
en-noun|es|pl2iris|pl3irides (See Usage notes)

  1. countable botany A plant of the genus Iris, common in the northern hemisphere, and generally having attractive blooms.
  2. poetic A rainbow, or other colourful refraction of light.
  3. countable anatomy The contractile membrane perforated by the pupil, which adjusts to control the amount of light reaching the retina, and which forms the colored portion of the eye.
  4. countable (photography, cinematography) A diaphragm used to regulate the size of a hole, especially as a way of controlling the amount of light reaching a lens.

Translations
trans-top|plant
Chinese: 鳶尾è±, é¸¢å°¾è± (yuÄnwÄi huÄ)
Dutch: iris m|f
Finnish: kurjenmiekka
French: iris m
German: Iris f, Schwertlilie f
Italian: iris m, giaggiolo m
trans-mid
Japanese: ããã (ayamé), èè² (ãããã¶, shÅbu)
Korean: ë¶ê½ (butggot), ì°½í¬ (changpo)
Portuguese: íris m
Russian: иÑÐ¸Ñ (íris) m, каÑаÑик (kasátik) m
Spanish: lirio m
Telugu: à°à°à°à°¿à°ªà°¾à°ª (kaMTipaapa)
trans-bottom

trans-top|part of the eye
Czech: duhovka f
Dutch: regenboogvlies n, iris m|f
Finnish: kehäkalvo
French: iris#French|iris m
German: Iris f
Greek: ίÏÎ¹Ï (íris) f
Italian: iride f
trans-mid
Japanese: è¹å½© (ãããã, kÅsai)
Korean: íì± (hongchae)
Portuguese: íris m
Russian: ÑадÑÐ¶Ð½Ð°Ñ Ð¾Ð±Ð¾Ð»Ð¾Ñка (rádužnaja obolóÄka) f, иÑÐ¸Ñ (íris) m
Slovene: Å¡arenica f
Spanish: iris#Spanish|iris m
trans-bottom

Derived terms
iridal
iridial
iridian
iridium
iridocyclitis
iridology
Iris (proper name)
iritis

Usage notes
For the part of the eye, the usual medical plural is irides.
<br />For the flower both iris and irises are in common use.

Quotations
plural iris
timeline|
1900s=1989<br>1996|
2000s=2004

1989, Ann Lovejoy, The Year in Bloom 1
1996, Katherine Grace Endicott, Northern California Gardening 2
2004, Diana Beresford-Kroeger, A Garden for Life 3

plural irides
timeline|
1800s=1843|
1900s=1989|
2000s=2001

1843, The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge
1989, Robert S Ridgely, The Birds of South America 4
2001, John V Forrester et al., The Eye 5
plural irises
timeline|
1900s=1987<br>2000|
2000s=2002

1987, Pamela Harper, Frederick McGourty?, Perennials 6
2000, Kevin C Voughn, Louisiana Iris 7
2002, John E Bryan, Bulbs 8

See also
w:Iris (plant)|Wikipedia article on the plant
w:Iris (anatomy)|Wikipedia article on the part of the eye

Category:English nouns with irregular plurals
Category:Flowers


Esperanto

Verb form
eo-verb-form|ir|is

  1. went

Indonesian

Noun
iris

  1. slice

Verb
mengiris

  1. to slice

Category:Greek derivations
Category:Indonesian nouns


Italian

Noun
iris m or f inv

  1. botany|lang=it iris#English|iris

Synonyms
giaggiolo, iride

Category:Italian nouns
Category:it:Flowers

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Revision and Credits for"iris"
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