Complete Definition of "however"

English

rank|father|nor|moment|227|however|enough|quite|brought

Pronunciation
a|RP IPA|/hÉÊËεvÉ/, SAMPA|/haU"[email protected]/
a|US AHD|/houÄvʹÉr/, IPA|/haÊËÉvÉ/, SAMPA|/haU'[email protected]`/
audio|en-us-however.ogg|Audio (US)
rhymes|ÉvÉ(r)
Hyphenation: how·ev·er

Adverb
en-adv|-

  1. nevertheless|Nevertheless, nonetheless, even so, that said, in spite of this.

#:He told me not to do it; however, I did it.

  1. context|chiefly|UK|as an intensified form in interrogatives In what way; how.

#:However did you do that?

Usage notes
sense|nevertheless Strunk and White's w:The Elements of Style|The Elements of Style argues that the adverb however, in its sense of "nevertheless", should be avoided at the beginning of a sentence. Other style guides argue that however is overused in this sense, whether or not at the start of a sentence.

Synonyms
after all
but
nonetheless
notwithstanding
though
still and all

Translations

trans-top|nevertheless
Belarusian: аднак (adnak), Ñк Ð±Ñ Ñам Ð½Ñ Ð±Ñло (jak by tam ni byÅo)
Bulgarian: вÑпÑеки Ñова
Dutch: daarentegen, echter
Esperanto: kontraÅ­e
Finnish: kuitenkin
French: cependant, pourtant, néanmoins, toutefois
German: jedoch
trans-mid
Hebrew: ××ר×ת ××ת, ××£ ×¢× ×¤× ××
Hungarian: mégis, viszont, azonban
Italian: però, nonostante
Polish: jednakże
Portuguese: no entanto, entretanto
Spanish: sin embargo
Turkish: bununla birlikte, ancak
Japanese: ããã (shikashi) / ã (ga) / ã§ã (demo) / ããã©ã (keredomo) / ããã© (keredo) / ãã©ã (kedomo) / ãã© (kedo)
Russian: однако (odnako)
Scots: houaniver]
trans-bottom

trans-top|intensifier: in what way
Portuguese: por mais que
trans-mid
trans-bottom

checktrans-top
ttbc|Indonesian: tapi / tetapi / namun
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Conjunction
en-conj

  1. In whatever manner.

#:Do it however you want.

  1. To whatever extent.

#:However far he may get, there'll be many that get further.
#:However much you prepare for the exam, there will still be a few questions on which you won't be sure of the answer.

  1. proscribed although|Although, though, but, yet.

Usage notes
<p style"margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0">sense|although The use of however as a conjunction meaning "although" is identical to its use as a clause-initial adverb meaning "nevertheless", except in punctuation (when written) and in prosody (when spoken). Hence, the following proscribed sentence:</p><blockquote style"margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0"><p style"margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0">(proscribed) He told me not to do it, however I did it.</p></blockquote><p style"margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0">is equivalent to the following accepted one:</p><blockquote style"margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0"><p style"margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0">(accepted) He told me not to do it; however, I did it.</p></blockquote><p style="margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0">In particular, when used as a conjunction in this sense, however always appears between the clauses it connects; it does not introduce a true subordinate clause that can be moved to the start of an independent clause, because a conjunctive adverb cannot do that.</p>

Translations
trans-top|in whatever manner
Dutch: eender hoe
Finnish: miten tahansa
trans-mid
Portuguese: de qualquer modo
trans-bottom

References
R:Webster 1913|however
R:Dictionary.com|however
"however" in Encarta® World English Dictionary [North American Edition] © & (P)2007 Microsoft Corporation.
"however (degree)" in Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press 2007.
"however (despite)" in Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press 2007.
"however (way)" in Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press 2007.
"however" in Compact Oxford English Dictionary, © Oxford University Press, 2007.
Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., 1989.
Random House Webster's Unabridged Electronic Dictionary, 1987-1996.

Category:English conjunctive adverbs
Category:English intensifiers

zh-min-nan:however
el:however
fr:however
io:however
it:however
kk:however
hu:however
ja:however
pl:however
pt:however
simple:however
fi:however
ta:however
te:however
vi:however
tr:however
zh:however

Revision and Credits for"however"
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