Complete Definition of "host"

see|höst
wikipedia|dab=host
English

Pronunciation
audio|en-us-host.ogg|Audio (US)

Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-əʊst|-əʊst

Etymology 1
From OF. hoste (French: hôte), from ML. hospitem (nominative of hospes). Used in English since 13th Century.

Noun
en-noun
rfc|Is the computer server sense correct? See Talk:host.

  1. A person who allows a guest, particularly into the host's home.

#: A good host is always considerate of the guest's needs.

  1. A person or organization responsible for running an event.

#: Our company is host of the annual conference this year.

  1. A moderator or master of ceremonies for a performance.

#: The host was terrible, but the acts themselves were good.

  1. computing Internet context|Unix Any computer attached to a network.
  2. computing context|networking A computer or software component that provides services.

#: This machine is the host of the name server.

  1. A cell or organism in which a virus replicates.

#: Viruses depend on the host that they infect in order to be able to reproduce

  1. (evolutionism, genetics) An organism bearing certain genetic material.

#: The so-called junk DNA provides no benefit to its host.

Related terms
hostess
hostel
hotel
hostname

Translations
trans-top|a person who allow a guest
Bosnian: domaćin m, domaćinica f, gazda m, gazdarica f
Czech: hostitel m
French: hôte
German: Gastgeber m
Icelandic: gestgjafi m (male and female)
trans-mid
Serbian:
:Cyrillic: домаћин m, домаћиница f, газда m, газдарица f
:Roman: domaćin m, domaćinica f, gazda m, gazdarica f
Slovene: gostitelj m, gostiteljica f
Swedish: värd c
trans-bottom

trans-top|a person or organisation responsible for running an event
French: organisateur m
German: Veranstalter m
trans-mid
Slovene: gostitelj m, gostiteljica f
Swedish: värd c
trans-bottom

trans-top|a moderator
trans-mid
Slovene: voditelj m, voditeljica f
trans-bottom

trans-top|a cell or organism in which a virus replicates
Icelandic: hýsill m
trans-mid
Slovene: gostitelj m
Swedish: värd c
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb

  1. To perform the role of a host.

#:* Our company will host the annual conference this year.
#:* I was terrible at hosting that show.
#:* I'll be hosting tonight. I hope I'm not terrible.
#:* Kremvax hosts a variety of services.

  1. context|computing|Internet To run software made available to a remote user or process.

#*1987 May 7, Selden E. Ball, Jr., "Re: Ethernet Terminal Concentrators", <tt>comp.protocols.tcp-ip</tt>, Usenet
#*:CMU/TEK TCP/IP software uses an excessive amount of cpu resources for terminal support both outbound, when accessing another system, and inbound, when the local system is hosting a session.

Translations
trans-top|to perform the role of a host
French: recevoir
Icelandic: hýsa
trans-mid
Slovene: gostiti
trans-bottom

trans-top|computing
French: héberger
Icelandic: hýsa
trans-bottom

See also
hospitality
guest
event
master of ceremonies

Etymology 2
From OF. host#Old French|host, from ML. hostis, "foreign enemy" (as opposed to personal enemy, inimicus), cognate with etymology 1.

Noun
en-noun

  1. A multitude of people arrayed as an army; used also in religious senses, as: Heavenly host (of angels)

#*2001, Carlos Parada, "Hesione 2", Greek Mythology Link 1
#*: the invading host that had sailed from Hellas in more than one thousand ships was of an unprecedented size.

  1. A large number of items; a large inventory.

#:* A host of parts for my Model A!

Translations
trans-top|a multitude of people arrayed as an army
French: armée
German: Heer n
trans-bottom

trans-top|a large number of items
trans-bottom

Etymology 3
ME. also oist, ost, OF. hoiste, L.hostia, "sacrificial victim".

Noun
en-noun

  1. (Catholicism) the consecrated bread or wafer of the Eucharist

Translations

French: hostie f
German: Hostie f (1)
Icelandic: kynnir
Spanish: anfitrión, propietario m; presentador

Category:English words with multiple etymologies


Catalan

Etymology
Latin hostis

Noun
host

  1. army

Category:Catalan nouns


Czech

Etymology
Common Slavic *gost

Pronunciation
audio|Cs-host.ogg|audio

Noun
cs-noun|g=m

  1. guest

de:host
fr:host
io:host
id:host
it:host
ku:host
lt:host
hu:host
pl:host
ru:host
simple:host
fi:host
ta:host
te:host
vi:host
tr:host
zh:host

Revision and Credits for"host"
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