Complete Definition of "have"

English

rank|on|her|which|25|have|or|from|this

Etymology
OE. habban.

Pronunciation
{|class=wikitable
|stressed unstressed

|-
|w:IPA chart for English|IPA||/hæv/||/hÉv/, /Év/||/hæf/
|-
|w:X-SAMPA|SAMPA||/<tt>h{v<tt>/||/<tt>[email protected]</tt>/, /<tt>@v</tt>/||/<tt>h{f</tt>/
|-
|w:American Heritage Dictionary|AHD||/hÄv/||/hÉv/, /Év/||/hÄf/
|}

audio|en-us-have.ogg|Audio (US)
rhymes|æv

Verb
en-verb|has or archaic hath|having|had

Further archaic forms are second-person singular present tense hast and second-person singular past tense hadst.

  1. transitive To possess, own, hold.

#:I have a house and a car.
#:Look what I have here â a frog I found on the street!

  1. transitive To be related in some way to (with the object identifying the relationship).

#:I have two sisters.
#:The dog down the street has a lax owner.

  1. transitive To partake of a particular substance (especially a food or drink) or action.

#:I have breakfast at six o'clock.
#:Can I have a look at that?
#:I'm going to have some pizza and some Pepsi right now.

  1. (auxiliary verb, taking a past participle) Used in forming the w:Perfect aspect|perfect aspect and the past perfect aspect.

#:I have already eaten today.
#:I had already eaten.

  1. (auxiliary verb, taking a w:Infinitive|to-infinitive) must.

#:I have to go.
#:Note: there's a separate entry for have to.

  1. transitive To give birth to.

#:The couple always wanted to have children.
#:My wife is having the baby right now!

  1. transitive To engage in sexual intercourse with.

#:He's always bragging about how many women he's had.

  1. (transitive with bare infinitive) To cause to, by a command or request.

#:They had me feed their dog while they were out of town.

  1. (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To cause to be.

#:She had him arrested for trespassing.
#:The movie's ending had the entire audience in tears.

  1. (transitive with bare infinitive) To be affected by an occurrence. (Used in supplying a topic that is not a verb argument.)

#:The hospital had several patients contract pneumonia last week.
#:I've had three people today tell me my hair looks nice.

  1. (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To depict as being.

#:Their stories differed; he said he'd been at work when the incident occurred, but her statement had him at home that entire evening.

  1. Used as interrogative auxiliary verb with a following pronoun to form tag questions. (For further discussion, see "Usage notes" below)

#:We haven't eaten dinner yet, have we?
#:Your wife hasn't been reading that nonsense, has she?
#:(UK usage) He has some money, hasn't he?

Usage notes
Interrogative auxiliary verb

have ...? (third-person singular has ...?, third-person singular negative hasn't ...? or has ... not?, negative for all other persons, singular and plural haven't ...? or have ... not?); in each case, the ellipsis stands for a pronoun

  1. Used with a following pronoun to form tag questions after statements that use "have" to form the perfect tense or (in UK usage) that use "have" in the present tense.

#:<tt>â</tt>We haven't eaten dinner yet, have we?<tt>â</tt>
#:<tt>â</tt>Your wife hasn't been reading that nonsense, has she?<tt>â</tt>
#:<tt>â</tt>I'd bet that student hasn't studied yet, have they?<tt>â</tt>
#:<tt>â</tt>You've known all along, haven't you?<tt>â</tt>
#:<tt>â</tt>The sun has already set, has it not?<tt>â</tt>
#:(UK usage) <tt>â</tt>He has some money, hasn't he?<tt>â</tt> (see usage notes below)
This construction forms a tag that converts a present perfect tense sentence into a question. The tag always uses an object pronoun substituting for the subject. Negative sentences use has or have, distinguished by number. Affirmative sentences use the same followed by not, or alternatively, more commonly, and less formally, hasn't or haven't.
In American usage, this construction does not apply to present tense sentences with has or have, or their negations, as a verb; it does not apply either to the construction "have got". In those cases, use "does" or its negation instead. For example: "He has some money, doesn't he?" and "I have got enough time, don't I?" These constructions with "do", "does", "don't" or "doesn't" are considered incorrect in UK usage.

Quotations
;auxiliary verb with past participle
1611 â w:King James Version of the Bible|King James Version of the Bible, s:Bible (King James)/Luke|Luke 1:1
:Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us...

Derived terms
-'ve
be had
have a ball
have a cow
have it in for
have it off
have had enough
have had it
have to

see|Appendix:Collocations of do, have, make, and take

Translations
trans-top|to possess
Albanian: t-|sq|ka|xs=Albanian
Bosnian: t-|bs|imati
Catalan: haver
Chinese: æ (yÇu)
Croatian: t-|hr|imati
Czech: t+|cs|mít
Danish: t+|da|have
Dutch: t+|nl|hebben
Esperanto: t+|eo|havi|xs=Esperanto
Finnish: adessive + 3rd pers. sg. of olla#Finnish|olla, omistaa
French: t+|fr|avoir
German: haben :de: haben|de
Greek: t+|el|έÏÏ|sc=Grek
Hungarian: bír, birtokol, van -nak/-nek (attached to owner)
Indonesian: t+|id|punya|xs=Indonesian
Italian: t+|it|avere
Japanese: æ㤠(ãã¤, motsu)
Korean: ìë¤ (Itta)
Kurdish: hebûn, heyîn
Latin: t-|la|habere|alt=habÄre
Lower Sorbian: mÄÅ
Norwegian: t+|no|ha
trans-mid
Novial: have#Novial|have
Occitan: aver
Old English: t-|ang|habban|xs=Old English
Old Swedish: hafva
Persian: t-|fa|داشتÙ|trdÄÅ¡tan|scfa-Arab|xs=Persian
Polish: t+|pl|mieÄ
Portuguese: t+|pt|ter
Romanian: a avea
Russian: имеÑÑ
Scots: hae
Serbian:

Slovak: t+|sk|mať
Slovene: imeti
Spanish: t+|es|tener
Swedish: t+|sv|äga, t+|sv|ha
Tagalog: magkaroón
Thai: t-|th|มี|scTHchar|xsThai
Ukrainian: маÑи#Verb|маÑи
Vietnamese: t+|vi|có|xs=Vietnamese
Yiddish: t-|yi|××Ö¸××|scHebr|xsYiddish
trans-bottom

trans-top|to be related to
Czech: t+|cs|mít
Finnish: t+|fi|olla
Danish: t+|da|have
Hungarian: van -nak/-nek (attached to one who is related)
trans-mid
Polish: t+|pl|mieÄ
Spanish: t+|es|tener
Swedish: t+|sv|ha
trans-bottom

trans-top|to partake of something
Czech: t+|cs|mít
Danish: t+|da|have, t+|da|få
Finnish: Normally a direct sentence would be used, but ottaa, saada in some cases
French: t+|fr|prendre
trans-mid
Novial: prenda
Spanish: t+|es|tener
trans-bottom

trans-top|auxiliary used in forming the perfect and the past perfect tenses
Danish: t+|da|have
Dutch: t+|nl|hebben, t+|nl|zijn
Esperanto: esti, jam#Esperanto|jam (with verb in simple tense)
Finnish: t+|fi|olla
French: avoir (for most verbs), être (for some intransitive verbs and all reflexive verbs)
Greek: t+|el|έÏÏ|sc=Grek
German: t+|de|haben, t+|de|sein
Italian: avere (for most verbs), essere (for some intransitive verbs and all reflexive verbs)
trans-mid
Norwegian: har hat
Novial: ha#Novial|ha
Old English: t-|ang|habban|xs=Old English
Portuguese: t+|pt|haver
Spanish: t+|es|haber
Swedish: t+|sv|ha
Yiddish: t-|yi|××Ö¸××|scHebr|xsYiddish
trans-bottom

trans-top|must
Czech: t+|cs|mít
Danish: t-|da|skulle
Finnish: täytyä, olla pakko
trans-mid
Spanish: t-|es|tener que
Swedish: måste, vara tvungen
trans-bottom

trans-top|give birth to
Czech: t+|cs|mít
Danish: t+|da|få
Dutch: t+|nl|krijgen
Finnish: saada lapsi, synnyttää
trans-mid
Spanish: tener un hijo
trans-bottom

trans-top|engage in sexual intercourse with
Czech: t+|cs|mít
Danish: t+|da|have
Dutch: t+|nl|hebben
Finnish: t+|fi|olla
trans-mid
Spanish: tener sexo
trans-bottom

trans-top|cause to, by command or request
Danish: t+|da|få
Finnish: t+|fi|pyytää, t+|fi|määrätä
Hungarian: -at/-et/-tat/-tet
trans-mid
Spanish: t-|es|tener que
Swedish: t+|sv|få
trans-bottom

trans-top|cause to be
Danish: t+|da|have, t+|da|få
Finnish: Different structure used, see: -ttaa
trans-mid
Spanish: t+|es|tener
Swedish: t+|sv|få
trans-bottom

trans-top|be affected by an occurrence
Danish: t+|da|få
Finnish: No equivalent, a direct sentence would be used.
trans-mid
Spanish: t+|es|tener
trans-bottom

trans-top|to depict as being
Finnish: Different structure used, see: mukaan
trans-mid
Spanish: t+|es|tener
trans-bottom

trans-top|interrogative auxiliary verb
Finnish: Different structure used, see: vai ( + question)
trans-mid
trans-bottom

See also
auxiliary verb
past tense
perfect tense

Category:100 English basic words
Category:English auxiliary verbs
Category:English irregular verbs


Danish

Etymology 1
ON.|da hagi.

Noun
have

  1. garden

Etymology 2
ON.|da hafa

Verb
have

  1. To #English|have.

Category:Danish nouns
Category:Danish verbs

ang:have
ar:have
da:have
de:have
et:have
el:have
es:have
fa:have
fr:have
gl:have
ko:have
hy:have
io:have
id:have
it:have
kk:have
ku:have
la:have
hu:have
nl:have
ja:have
pl:have
pt:have
ru:have
simple:have
fi:have
sv:have
ta:have
te:have
vi:have
tr:have
uk:have
zh:have

Revision and Credits for"have"
  • 2007-12-23 16:41 - SemperBlotto - Reverted edits by [[Special:Contributions/66.93.200.116|66.93.200.116]] ([[User_talk:66.93.200.116|Talk]]); changed back to last version by [[User:Tbot|Tbot]]

  • Full Revision History
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