Complete Definition of "grammar"

English

Etymology
From gramarye, from Middle English gramery, from Old French gramaire (classical learning), from Latin grammatica, from Greek γÏαμμαÏική ÏέÏνη (art of letters), from γÏάμμα (letter), from γÏάÏειν (to write), from Proto-Indo-European base *gerebh- (to scratch)

Pronunciation
audio|en-us-grammar.ogg|Audio (US)

Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-æmÉ(r)|-æmÉ(r)

Noun
wikipedia
en-noun|s|-

  1. countable A system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a language.
  2. linguistics (uncountable) The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax).
  3. countable A book describing the rules of grammar of a language.
  4. comptheory (countable) A formal system specifying the syntax of a language.
  5. comptheory (countable) A formal system defining a formal language

Synonyms
i-c|in linguistics morpho-syntax (from the relationship between morphology and syntax)

Derived terms
grammarian

Translations
trans-top|rules for speaking and writing a language
Arabic: ARchar|ÙÙاعد|ÙÙÙÙاعÙد unicode|(qawáËÊed) p
Armenian: ÖÕ¥ÖÕ¡Õ¯Õ¡Õ¶Õ¸ÖÕ©ÕµÕ¸ÖÕ¶ (keraknutyun)
Bulgarian: гÑамаÑика f
Catalan: gramàtica f
Croatian: gramatika f
Czech: mluvnice f, gramatika#Czech|gramatika f
Danish: grammatik
Dutch: spraakkunst f, grammatica f
Finnish: kielioppi
French: grammaire f
German: Grammatik f
Greek: γÏαμμαÏική (É£ramatikí) f
Interlingua: grammatica
Italian: grammatica f
Japanese: ææ³ (ã¶ãã½ã, bunpÅ)
trans-mid
Kurdish:
:Sorani: t|ku|ÚÛزÙاÙ|trRaezmAn|scKUchar
Norwegian: grammatikk
Novial: gramatike
Polish: gramatyka f
Portuguese: gramática f
Romanian: gramaticÄ f
Russian: гÑаммаÑика (grammátika) f
Scottish Gaelic: gràmar m
Slovenian: slovnica
Spanish: gramática f
Swedish: grammatik c
Turkish: gramer, dil bilgisi
trans-bottom

trans-top|study of internal structure and use of words
Arabic: ARchar|عÙÙ ÙÙاعد|ÙÙÙÙاعÙد unicode|(Êílmu qawáËÊed) m
Catalan: gramàtica
Croatian: gramatika f
Finnish: kielioppi
French: grammaire f
Greek: γÏαμμαÏική (É£ramaticí) f
Interlingua: grammatica
Italian: grammatica f
Japanese: ææ³ (ã¶ãã½ã, bunpÅ)
trans-mid
Novial: gramatike
Polish: gramatyka f
Portuguese: gramática f
Russian: гÑаммаÑика (grammátika) f
Scottish Gaelic: gràmar m
Slovenian: slovnica
Spanish: gramática f
Swedish: grammatik c
Turkish: gramer, dil bilgisi
trans-bottom

trans-top|book describing grammar
Arabic: ARchar|ÙÙاعد|ÙÙÙÙاعÙد unicode|(qawáËÊed) p
Catalan: gramàtica
Croatian: gramatika f
Finnish: kielioppikirja
French: grammaire f
Greek: βιβλίο γÏαμμαÏÎ¹ÎºÎ®Ï (vivlío É£ramaticís) (means "book of grammar") n, or simply γÏαμμαÏική (É£ramaticí) f
Italian: grammatica f
Japanese: ææ³æ¸ (ã¶ãã½ããã, bunpÅsho)
trans-mid
Interlingua: grammatica
Novial: gramatike
Portuguese: gramática f
Russian: гÑаммаÑика (grammátika) f
Slovenian: slovnica
Swedish: grammatik c, grammatikbok c, språklära c
Turkish: gramer kitabı, dil bilgisi kitabı
trans-bottom

trans-top|in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language
Arabic: ARchar|ÙÙاعد|ÙÙÙÙاعÙد unicode|(qawáËÊed) p
Croatian: gramatika f
Czech: gramatika#Czech|gramatika f
Finnish: kielioppi
French: grammaire f
Greek: γÏαμμαÏική (É£ramaticí) f
Japanese: ææ³ (ã¶ãã½ã, bunpÅ)
trans-mid
Novial: gramatike
Portuguese: gramática f
Russian: гÑаммаÑика (grammátika) f
Swedish: grammatik c
trans-bottom


checktrans-top
ttbc|Basque: gramatika
ttbc|Chinese: èªæ³ / è¯­æ³ (yÇfÇ)
ttbc|Esperanto: gramatiko
ttbc|Hungarian: nyelvtan
ttbc|Indonesian: tata bahasa
ttbc|Korean: ë¬¸ë² (munbeop)
ttbc|Persian: FAchar|دستÙر (dastûr)
trans-bottom

Trivia
The words "grammar" and "glamour" derive from the same root, relics of a time when being able to read and write was an arcane skill with a whiff of sorcery. A scribe was seen as enchanted ("glamorous") and with a knowledge of grammar.

ang:grammar
zh-min-nan:grammar
el:grammar
fr:grammar
ko:grammar
io:grammar
id:grammar
it:grammar
ku:grammar
hu:grammar
nl:grammar
pl:grammar
pt:grammar
ru:grammar
simple:grammar
fi:grammar
ta:grammar
te:grammar
vi:grammar
tr:grammar
zh:grammar

Revision and Credits for"grammar"
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