Complete Definition of "fire"

wikipedia
English
rank|towards|friends|forth|378|fire|lost|human|kept

Etymology
From ME. term|fier < OE. term|fyr < proto|Germanic|fuir < proto|Indo-European|perjos||paewr-|fire, inanimate noun ({{PIE. also had the root Appendix:Proto-Indo-European *perjos|*egni-, which was an animate noun)}}. Akin to Dutch term|vuur, German term|Feuer, Greek term|scGrek|ÏῦÏ|trpÅ«r, Old English term|bÅl.

Pronunciation
a|British|Australian AHD|fÄ«É(r), IPA|/faɪÉ(ɹ)/, SAMPA|/[email protected](r)/
a|US AHD|fÄ«r, IPA|/faɪÉ/, SAMPA|/[email protected]`/
audio|en-us-fire.ogg|Audio (US)

Image:Large bonfire.jpg|thumb|225px|A large [[fire.]]

Noun
en-noun|s|-

  1. uncountable A (usually self-sustaining) chemical reaction involving the bonding of oxygen with carbon or other fuel, with the production of heat and the presence of flame or smolder|smouldering.
  2. countable Something that has produced or is capable of producing this chemical reaction, such as a campfire.

#: We sat around the fire singing songs and telling stories.

  1. countable The, often accidental, occurrence of fire in a certain place leading to its full or partial destruction.

#: There was a fire at the school last night and the whole place burned down.
#: During hot and dry summers many fires in forests are caused by regardlessly discarded cigarette butts.

  1. uncountable|alchemy One of the four basic elements.
  2. context|India and Japan One of the five basic elements (see w:Classical_element|Wikipedia article on the Classical elements).
  3. countable|UK A heater or stove used in place of a real fire (such as an electric fire).
  4. countable The elements necessary to start a fire.

#: The fire was laid and needed to be lit.

  1. uncountable The in-flight bullets or other projectiles shoot|shot from a gun.

#: The fire from the enemy guns kept us from attacking.

Translations
trans-top|chemical reaction
Afrikaans: vuur#Afrikaans|vuur
Ainu: ã¢ã (ape)
Albanian: t-|sq|zjarr|m|xs=Albanian
Aleut: ca-nak
Arabic: ARchar|Ùار|ÙÙار٠(nar) f, ARchar|ÙÙراÙ|ÙÙÙرÙا٠IPAchar|(niráËn) p
Aramaic:
Armenian: Õ¯ÖÕ¡Õ¯ (krak), Õ°ÖÕ¤Õ¥Õ° (hrdéh)
Basque: su
Bosnian: t-|bs|vatra|f, t-|bs|oganj|m
Bulgarian: огÑн (ogÉn) m
Catalan: t+|ca|foc|m
CJKV Characters: ç«
Chinese: ç« (huÇ)
Croatian: t+|hr|vatra|f
Czech: t-|cs|oheÅ|m
Danish: t|da|ild|c
Dutch: t+|nl|vuur|n
Esperanto: t-|eo|fajro|xs=Esperanto
Finnish: t+|fi|tuli
French: t+|fr|feu|m
Frisian: fjoer n
German: t+|de|Feuer|n
Greek: t+|el|ÏÏÏιά|f|trfotiá|scGrek
Ancient Greek: polytonic|Ïá¿¦Ï (pyr) n
Guaraní: rata, tata
Hawaiian: ahi
Hebrew: he-translation|×ש|eÅ¡|wv=×Öµ×©× f
Hindi: à¤à¤ (Äg) f
Hungarian: t+|hu|tűz
Icelandic: t+|is|eldur|m, t+|is|bál|n
Igbo: á»ku
Indonesian: t+|id|api|xs=Indonesian
Irish: t-|ga|tine|m|xs=Irish
Italian: t+|it|fuoco|m
Japanese: ç« (ã², hi)
Korean: ë¶ (bul)
Kurdish:
Lao: à»àº (fai)
trans-mid
Latin: t+|la|ignis|m, t-|la|focus|m
Latvian: degšana f, uguns f
Mapudungun: kütral
Malay: t-|ms|api|xs=Malay
Malayalam: തൠ(thee), à´à´àµà´¨à´¿ (agni)
Maléku Jaíka: kúe
Maltese: t-|mt|nar|f|xs=Maltese
Manx: aile m
Maori: t+|mi|ahi|xs=Maori
Miskito: pata
Norwegian: t-|no|ild|m
Novial: faire#Novial|faire
Persian: FAchar|آتش (âtaš)
Occitan: fuòc
Old Prussian: pannu
Polish: t+|pl|ogieÅ|m
Portuguese: t+|pt|fogo|m
Rohingya: ooin
Romani: jag
Romanian: t-|ro|foc|n
Romansch: fieu m
Russian: гоÑение (gorjénije) n (combustion), Ð¾Ð³Ð¾Ð½Ñ (ogónâ) m, Ð¿Ð»Ð°Ð¼Ñ (plámja) n (blaze)
Scottish Gaelic: teine m
Serbian:

Slovak: t-|sk|oheÅ|m
Slovene: t+|sl|ogenj|m
Spanish: t+|es|fuego|m
Sumerian: t|sux|scXsux|ð|trNE
Swahili: t-|sw|moto|xs=Swahili
Swedish: t+|sv|eld|c, t+|sv|brand|c
Tamazight: afa m, timess(i) f
Telugu: à°®à°à° (maMTa)
Thai: THchar|à¹à¸ (fai)
Tocharian A: t|xto|por
Tocharian B: t|txb|puwar
Turkish: t+|tr|ateÅ
Ukrainian: Ð²Ð¾Ð³Ð¾Ð½Ñ (vogónâ) m
Vietnamese: lửa, hoả (rare)
Xhosa: umlilo
Welsh: t-|cy|tân|m|xs=Welsh
Zhuang: feiz
trans-bottom

trans-top|something that has produced or is capable of producing this chemical reaction
Armenian: Õ°ÖÕ¤Õ¥Õ° (hrdéh)
Bulgarian: Ð¿Ð¾Ð¶Ð°Ñ (požár) m
Czech: t-|cs|ohniÅ¡tÄ|n
Danish: t|da|ild|c, t+|da|bål|n (campfire)
Dutch: t+|nl|vuur|n
Esperanto: t-|eo|fajro|xs=Esperanto
Finnish: tuli, nuotio (campfire)
French: t+|fr|feu|m
Frisian: fjoer n
German: t+|de|Feuer|n
Greek: t+|el|ÏÏÏιά|f|trfotiá|scGrek
Ancient Greek: polytonic|ÏÏÏά (pyra) n
Hebrew: he-translation|×××ר×|medurá f
Icelandic: t+|is|eldur|m
Irish: t-|ga|tine|m|xs=Irish
Italian: t+|it|fuoco|m
trans-mid
Kurdish:

Latin: t-|la|focus|m
Malay: bahan api
Norwegian: t-|no|bål|n (campfire)
Old Prussian: pannu
Polish: t-|pl|żar|m, t+|pl|ogieÅ|m
Portuguese: t+|pt|fogo|m
Russian: Ð¾Ð³Ð¾Ð½Ñ (ogónâ) m, оÑаг (oÄág) m hearth, коÑÑÑÑ (kostjór) m bonfire
Scottish Gaelic: teine m
Slovene: t+|sl|ogenj|m
Spanish: t+|es|fuego|m, t-|es|estufa|f
Swedish: t+|sv|eld|c, t-|sv|brasa|c
Vietnamese: lá»­a
Welsh: t-|cy|tân|xs=Welsh
trans-bottom

trans-top|occurrence of fire in a certain place
Afrikaans: vuur#Afrikaans|vuur
Arabic: ARchar|حرÙÙ|Ø­ÙرÙÙÙ IPAchar|(ħaríËq) m
Catalan: incendi m
Chinese: ç« (huÇ)
Croatian: t-|hr|požar|m
Czech: t-|cs|požár|m
Danish: t-|da|brand|c
Dutch: t+|nl|brand|m
Esperanto: t-|eo|brulego|xsEsperanto, t-|eo|incendio|xsEsperanto
Finnish: t-|fi|tulipalo, t+|fi|palo
French: t+|fr|incendie|f
Frisian: brân g|Frisian
German: t+|de|Feuer|n, t+|de|Brand|m
Greek: t+|el|ÏÏÏιά|f|trfotiá|scGrek, t+|el|ÏÏÏκαγιά|f|trpirkaÉ£iá|scGrek
Hebrew: he-translation|שר×פ×|srefá f
Icelandic: t+|is|eldur|m
Irish: t-|ga|tine|m|xs=Irish
Italian: t+|it|incendio|m, t+|it|rogo|m
trans-mid
Japanese: ç«äº (ãã, káji), ç«ç½ (ããã, kasái)
Korean: í°ë¶ (keunbul), íì¬ (hwajae)
Kurdish:

Latin: t-|la|incendium|n
Malay: kebakaran
Norwegian: t-|no|brann|m
Polish: t-|pl|pożar|m
Portuguese: t-|pt|incêndio|m
Russian: Ð¿Ð¾Ð¶Ð°Ñ (požár) m
Scottish Gaelic: teine m
Slovene: t-|sl|požar|m
Spanish: t-|es|incendio|m
Swedish: t-|sv|brasa|c, t+|sv|brand|c
Thai: THchar|à¹à¸à¸¥à¸´à¸ (phleerng)
Vietnamese: vụ cháy
Xhosa: umlilo
Welsh: t-|cy|tân|xs=Welsh
trans-bottom

trans-top|alchemy: One of the four basic elements
Afrikaans: vuur#Afrikaans|vuur
Aramaic:

Chinese: ç« (huÇ)
Danish: t|da|ild|c
Dutch: t+|nl|vuur|n
Finnish: t+|fi|tuli
French: t+|fr|feu|m
Frisian: fjoer n
German: t+|de|Feuer|n
Greek: t+|el|ÏÏÏιά|f|trfotiá|scGrek
Hebrew: he-translation|×ש|ésh f
Hungarian: t+|hu|tűz
Icelandic: t+|is|eldur|m
trans-mid
Irish: t-|ga|tine|m|xs=Irish
Italian: t+|it|fuoco|m
Kurdish: t+|ku|agir g|Kurdish
Latvian: uguns f
Norwegian: t-|no|ild|m
Polish: t+|pl|ogieÅ|m
Portuguese: t+|pt|fogo|m
Russian: Ð¾Ð³Ð¾Ð½Ñ (ogónâ) m
Scottish Gaelic: teine m
Slovene: t+|sl|ogenj|m
Spanish: t+|es|fuego|m
Swedish: t+|sv|eld|c
Vietnamese: há»a
Xhosa: umlilo
Welsh: t-|cy|tân|xs=Welsh
trans-bottom

trans-top|India and Japan: One of the five basic elements
Dutch: t+|nl|vuur|n
Norwegian: t-|no|ild|m
trans-mid
Vietnamese: há»a
trans-bottom

trans-top|heater or stove
Armenian: Õ¾Õ¡Õ¼Õ¡ÖÕ¡Õ¶ (varraran)
Bosnian: t-|bs|peÄ|f
Bulgarian: пеÑка (peÄka) f
Croatian: t-|hr|peÄ|f
Czech: t-|cs|kamna|n|p
Danish: t|da|ovn|m, ildsted n
Dutch: t+|nl|vuur|n, t|nl|fornuis|n, t|nl|stoof|f
Finnish: t-|fi|liesi, t-|fi|hella
French: t+|fr|poêle|m
German: t+|de|Ofen|m, t-|de|Heizlüfter|m, t-|de|Heizstrahler|m
Greek: t-|el|θεÏμάÏÏÏα|f|trthermástra|scGrek
Hungarian: t+|hu|kályha
Icelandic: t+|is|ofn|m
Italian: t+|it|stufa|f
Japanese: t-|ja|ã¹ãã¼ã|trsutÅbu|scJpan
Korean: íë (hwadeok)
Kurdish:
trans-mid
Latin: t-|la|focus|m
Norwegian: t-|no|ovn|m
Polish: piec m
Portuguese: t-|pt|fogão|m
Romanian: t-|ro|sobÄ|f
Russian: пеÑÑ (peÄâ) f
Serbian:

Slovene: t-|sl|peÄ|f
Slovak: kachle n
Spanish: t-|es|estufa|f, t+|es|horno|m
Swedish: t+|sv|spis|c, t+|sv|ugn|c
Turkish: t+|tr|ocak
Ukrainian: пÑÑ (piÄ) f
Welsh: t-|cy|stof|xs=Welsh
trans-bottom

trans-top|the elements of a fire
Afrikaans: vuur#Afrikaans|vuur
Danish: t+|da|bål|n
Dutch: t+|nl|vuur|n
trans-mid
Norwegian: t+|no|fyr|m
Russian: коÑÑÑÑ (kostjór) m
trans-bottom

trans-top|in-flight bullets
Afrikaans: vuur#Afrikaans|vuur
Danish: t|da|ild|c
Dutch: t+|nl|vuur|n
Hebrew: he-translation|×ש|ésh f
trans-mid
Norwegian: t-|no|ild|m
Russian: Ð¾Ð³Ð¾Ð½Ñ (ogónâ) m
Slovene: t+|sl|ogenj|m
Vietnamese: há»a lá»±c
trans-bottom

checktrans
trans-top|Translations to be checked
ttbc|Basque: t-|eu|su|xs=Basque
ttbc|Breton: tan#Breton|tan g|Breton
ttbc|CJKV Characters: ç«
ttbc|Chinese: ç« (huÇ)
ttbc|Guaraní: ata (t-)
ttbc|Interlingua: foco, igne
ttbc|Korean: ë¶ (bul)
ttbc|Kurdish: t+|ku|agir
trans-mid
ttbc|Lao: à»àº (fai)
ttbc|Manx: aile, çhinney g|Manx
ttbc|Romani: yag
ttbc|Slovak: oheÅ m
ttbc|Tupinambá: atá (t-)
ttbc|Turkish: ateÅ
ttbc|Tzotzil: k'ok'
ttbc|Volapük: fil#Volapük|fil, filed#Volapük|filed
trans-bottom

Derived terms
rel-top|terms derived from "fire"
all-fire
add fuel to fire
back fire
balefire
baptism of fire
bonfire
brush-fire, brush fire
bushfire
campfire
catch fire
ceasefire
electric fire
fiery
fight fire with fire
fire alarm
fire and brimstone
fire away
firearm
fireball
fireblast
firebolt
firebomb
firebrand
firebreak
firebug
fireclay
firecracker
fire department, fire company, fire brigade
fire drill
firedog
fire eater
fire engine, fire truck
fire escape, fire exit
fire extinguisher
fire-fight, firefight
firefighter, fireman, firewoman
firefly
rel-mid
fireguard
fire hose
firehouse, fire station
fire hydrant, fireplug
firelighter
fireman
fireplace
fireproof, fire resistant
fire ship
fireside
fire-starter
fire step
fire up
firewire
firewood
firework
firing squad
forest fire
friendly fire
gas fire
grass fire, grassfire
Greek fire
hang fire, hold your fire
heap coals on fire
irons in the fire
no smoke without fire
on fire
open fire
ordeal of fire
play with fire
Promethean fire
rapid fire
real fire
St Anthonyâs fire
St Elmoâs fire
rel-bottom

Verb
en-verb|fir|ing

  1. transitive To set (something) on fire.

#* rfdate|author 1898 "Then I slipped up again with a box of matches, fired my heap of paper and rubbish, put the chairs and bedding thereby, led the gas to the affair, by means of an india-rubber tube, and waving a farewell to the room left it for the last time.
#* rfdate "You fired the house!" exclaimed Kemp.
#* RQ:Wells Invisible Chapter 20,
#*: "Fired the house. It was the only way to cover my trailâand no doubt it was insured."

  1. transitive To shoot (a gun or other explosive propelled device).

#: We will fire our guns at the enemy.

  1. transitive To terminate the employment contract of (an employee), usually because of the misconduct or poor performance of the employee (as opposed to "make redundant" or "lay off", where the employeeâs actions are not the reason for the termination).

#: She should fire the employee that stole from the company.

  1. transitive To heat (pottery, ceramic, etc.), usually in a kiln to make the clay nonsoluble or to affix a glaze.

#: If you fire the pottery at too high a temperature, it may crack.

  1. intransitive To shoot a gun, a cannon or a similar weapon.

#: Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes.

  1. intransitive|physiology To cause an action potential in a cell.

#: When a neuron fires, it transmits information.

Synonyms
sense|set on fire See set on fire.
sense|transitive|shoot let off, shoot.
sense|terminate the employment of sack, let go, make redundant, terminate agreement, be given one's cards, give the boot|be given the boot, give the elbow|be given the elbow, heave-ho|be given the old heave-ho
sense|intransitive|shoot a weapon open fire, shoot

Translations
trans-top|set on fire

trans-bottom

trans-top|transitive, shoot (a gun)
Afrikaans: vuur#Afrikaans|vuur
Bulgarian: ÑÑÑелÑм (streljam)
Danish: affyre
Dutch: t|nl|afvuren
Finnish: t-|fi|tulittaa, t-|fi|laukaista
French: t+|fr|tirer
Frisian: sjitte
German: t-|de|abfeuern
Hebrew: he-translation|×ר×|yaráh
Hungarian: t-|hu|tüzel
Italian: t+|it|sparare, t-|it|fare fuoco
trans-mid
Japanese: Jpan|çºç ²ãã (Jpan|ã¯ã£ã½ããã, happÅsuru)
Norwegian: t+|no|avfyre
Portuguese: t+|pt|disparar, t-|pt|atirar
Russian: ÑÑÑелÑÑÑ (streljátâ) impf, вÑÑÑÑелиÑÑ (výstrelitâ) pf, палиÑÑ (palítâ) obs.
Slovene: ustreliti, streljati
Spanish: t-|es|disparar, t+|es|tirar
Swahili: t-|sw|kupiga risasi|xs=Swahili
Swedish: t+|sv|skjuta
Telugu: à°à°¾à°²à±à°à± (kaalchu)
Welsh: saethu, tanio
trans-bottom

trans-top|terminate the employment of
Afrikaans: ontslaan#Afrikaans|ontslaan
Bulgarian: ÑволнÑвам (uvolnjavam)
Czech: t-|cs|vyhodit
Danish: fyre, afskedige
Dutch: t|nl|ontslaan
Finnish: t-|fi|antaa potkut
French: t-|fr|licencier, t-|fr|congédier, t-|fr|mettre à la porte
Frisian: dien jaan
German: t-|de|feuern
Hebrew: he-translation|פ××ר|pitér
Hungarian: t-|hu|kirúg
trans-mid
Italian: t-|it|licenziare, t+|it|dimettere
Japanese: é¦ãåã (ãã³ããã, kubí o kíru)
Norwegian: t-|no|gi sparken, t-|no|sparke
Portuguese: t+|pt|despedir, t-|pt|demitir
Russian: ÑволÑнÑÑÑ (uvolânjátâ) impf, ÑволиÑÑ (uvólitâ) pf
Slovene: odpustiti
Spanish: t+|es|despedir, t-|es|echar
Swahili: t-|sw|kupiga risasi|xs=Swahili
Swedish: sparka (informal), avskeda
Telugu: à°à°¦à±à°¯à±à°à° à°¨à±à°à°¡à°¿ à°¤à±à°²à°à°¿à°à°à± (udyOgaM nuMDi tolagiMchu)
Welsh: diswyddo
trans-bottom

trans-top|heat (pottery, etc.)
Afrikaans: bak#Afrikaans|bak
Czech: t-|cs|vypálit
Danish: opvarme
Dutch: t+|nl|bakken
Finnish: t+|fi|polttaa
French: t+|fr|cuire
German: t+|de|brennen
trans-mid
Hebrew: he-translation|××××ק|hidlík
Norwegian: t-|no|brenne
Portuguese: t-|pt|cozinhar
Russian: обжигаÑÑ (obžigátâ) impf, обжеÑÑ (obžéÄâ) pf
Slovene: žgati
Spanish: t+|es|cocer
Swedish: t-|sv|bränna
Welsh: tanio
trans-bottom

trans-top|shoot a weapon
Bulgarian: ÑÑÑелÑм (streljam)
Czech: t-|cs|vystÅelit
Danish: t-|da|fyre
Dutch: t+|nl|vuren, t+|nl|schieten
Finnish: t-|fi|tulittaa
Frisian: sjitte
French: t+|fr|tirer, t-|fr|faire feu
German: t-|de|feuern
Hebrew: he-translation|×ר×|yaráh
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|sparare, t-|it|fare fuoco
Japanese: çºå°ãã (ã¯ã£ãããã, hasshá surú)
Norwegian: t-|no|fyre
Portuguese: t+|pt|disparar
Russian: ÑÑÑелÑÑÑ (streljátâ) impf, вÑÑÑÑелиÑÑ (výstrelitâ) pf
Slovene: ustreliti, streljati
Spanish: t-|es|disparar, t-|es|descargar
Swedish: t-|sv|avfyra, t-|sv|ge eld
Welsh: saethu, tanio
trans-bottom

trans-top|cause an action potential in a cell
Dutch: t|nl|afgaan
Norwegian: t-|no|fyre
trans-mid
trans-bottom

checktrans
trans-top|Translations to be checked
ttbc|Bulgarian: ÑÑÑелÑм (strjeljam) (2), ÑволнÑвам (uvolnjavam) (3)
ttbc|Chinese: éç«, å¼ç« (kÄihuÇ) (2)
ttbc|Interlingua: tirar (1); dimitter (2)
ttbc|Slovak: zapáliť (1), vystreliť (2), vyhodiť (3)
trans-bottom

Derived terms
ready, aim, fire!

Category:1000 English basic words
Category:Alchemy
Category:English ergative verbs


Danish

numeral|Danish
fire

  1. cardinal|lang=da four|Four.

Verb
fire

  1. slacken|Slacken, ease.

Category:Danish verbs


Norwegian

numeral|Norwegian
fire

  1. cardinal|lang=no four|Four.

Derived terms
fjerde (ordinal)

Verb
Ã¥ fire (present tense firer; past tense fira/firet/firte; past participle fira/firet/firt; present participle firende)

  1. slacken, ease.

Category:Norwegian verbs


Romanian

Noun
ro-pl|fir|gend=n

  1. threads, strings

ang:fire
ar:fire
zh-min-nan:fire
da:fire
de:fire
el:fire
es:fire
fa:fire
fr:fire
fy:fire
gl:fire
ko:fire
hy:fire
io:fire
id:fire
it:fire
kl:fire
kk:fire
ku:fire
hu:fire
ja:fire
no:fire
nn:fire
pl:fire
pt:fire
ru:fire
simple:fire
fi:fire
sv:fire
ta:fire
te:fire
vi:fire
tr:fire
uk:fire
ur:fire
zh:fire

Revision and Credits for"fire"
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