Complete Definition of "eponym"

see|Eponym
wikipedia
was wotd|2006|November|18
English

Etymology
From Gr. term|scGrek|εÏÏνÏμοÏ|trepá¹nymos from Ãolic term|scGrek|εÏί|trepí||upon, to + term|Ïνομα|tr=ónoma||name. See term|-onym.

Pronunciation
IPA|/ËÉpÉnɪm/
audio|en-us-eponym.ogg|Audio (US)

Noun
en-noun

  1. A person whose name has become identified with a particular object or activity.
  2. A word formed from a personâs name, e.g. stentorian after the Greek herald Stentor.
  3. The hero of a book, film etc. having the characterâs name as its title, e.g. w:Robinson Crusoe|Robinson Crusoe.
  4. context|healthcare A condition, disease or disorder named after a particular clinician or patient, e.g. Alzheimer's Disease|Alzheimerâs Disease, named after the neurologist w:Alois Alzheimer|Alois Alzheimer.

<!-- commented out because the OED addition series just lists this as a sense without any problems. what does "strict usage" mean anyway?
Usage notes
In strict usage, eponym refers to the original name upon which a word is based, and not to the word derived from that name. Ignoring capitalization issues, the term has also come to refer to the thing so named.
-->

Derived terms
eponymous

Translations
trans-top|person whose name is associated with something
Bulgarian: епоним m
Dutch: t|nl|eponiem n
French: t|fr|éponyme|m
German: Namensgeber m
Italian: t|it|eponimo|m
trans-mid
Japanese: t-|ja|åç¥|sc=Jpan
ttbc|Portuguese: t-|pt|epônimo|m
Russian: Ñпоним m
Spanish: t+|es|epónimo|m
trans-bottom

trans-top|word formed from a personâs name
Bulgarian: епоним m
Dutch: t|nl|eponiem n
trans-mid
German: t-|de|Eponym|n
Italian: t|it|eponimo|m
ttbc|Portuguese: t-|pt|epônimo|m
trans-bottom

trans-top|hero of a work titled after the hero
Dutch: t|nl|eponiem n
ttbc|Portuguese: t-|pt|epônimo|m
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|healthcare: A condition, disease or disorder named after a particular clinician or patient
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Category:Eponymous terms|*
Category:Eponyms|*

fr:eponym
ru:eponym
tr:eponym
zh:eponym

Revision and Credits for"eponym"
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