Complete Definition of "cog"

English

Pronunciation
(Received Pronunciation|UK) enPR|kŏg, IPA|/kɒɡ/, SAMPA|/kQg/
(General American|US) enPR|kŏg, IPA|/kɑɡ/, SAMPA|/kAg/
:Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-ɒɡ|-ɒɡ

Etymology 1
Middle English cogge or kogge (14th century), Old French cogue or coque, Middle Low German kogge, Middle Dutch cogghe, Middle High German kocke, German kock (15th century).

Noun
en-noun

  1. historical A ship of burden, or war with a round, bulky hull.

Etymology 2
Middle English cogge; confer Swedish kugge and Norwegian kug of same sense. Nonetheless, the exact relation between the English and the Scandinavian words can't be determined. The meaning of "cog" in carpentry derives from association with a tooth on a cogwheel.

Noun
en-noun

  1. A tooth on a gear
  2. A gear; a cogwheel
  3. A unimportant individual in a greater system.

#*1976, Norman Denny (English translation), w:Victor Hugo|Victor Hugo (original French), w:Les Misérables|Les Misérables
#*:‘There are twenty-five of us, but they don’t reckon I’m worth anything. I’m just a cog in the machine.’
#*1988, w:David Mamet|David Mamet, w:Speed-the-Plow|Speed-the-Plow
#*:Your boss tells you “take initiative,” you best guess right—and you do, then you get no credit. Day-in, ... smiling, smiling, just a cog.

  1. (carpentry) a projection or tenon at the end of a beam designed to fit into a matching opening of another piece of wood to form a joint

Translations
trans-top|a tooth on a gear
German: Zahn m
trans-bottom

trans-top|a gear; a cogwheel
German: Zahnrad n
trans-bottom

trans-top|an unimportant individual
...
trans-bottom

trans-top|carpentry: a projection or tenon
trans-bottom

Derived terms
cog joint

Etymology 3
Uncertain origin. Both verb and noun appear first in 1532.

Noun
en-noun

  1. an act of cogging

Verb
en-verb|cog|g|ed

  1. to cheat at dice
  2. to cheat; to play or gamble fraudulently

Etymology 4
etystub

Noun
en-noun

  1. A spelling variant of the noun cogue.

Category:English words with multiple etymologies


Scottish Gaelic

Verb
cog (present participle a' cogadh, simple past chog, past participle air chogadh)

  1. to fight, to war

Category:Scottish Gaelic verbs

fa:cog
fi:cog
te:cog
vi:cog
vo:cog
zh:cog

Revision and Credits for"cog"
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