Complete Definition of "clay"

English
wikipedia|dab=clay (disambiguation)|clay

Etymology
OE. clæg|clǣġ, from Germanic *klaijā-, from *kli- ‘to stick, cleave’, from Indo-European *glei- which means to glue, paste, stick together.<ref>Krueger 1982; Merriam-Webster 1974.</ref> Cognate with Dutch klei, German Klei; compare Ancient Greek polytonic|γλία, Latin glus|glūs ‘glue’.

Pronunciation
AHD|klā, IPA|/kleɪ/, SAMPA|/kleI/

Noun
en-noun|-|s

  1. A mineral substance made up of small crystals of silica and alumina, that is ductile when moist; the material of pre-fired ceramics.
  2. An earth material with ductile qualities.
  3. idiom (Biblical) The material of the human body.

#* 1611. Old Testament, King James Version, Job 10:8-9:
#*: Thine hands have made me and fashioned me together round about...thou hast made me as the clay.
#* 1611. Old Testament, King James Version, Isaiah 64:8:
#*: But now, O Lord, thou art our Father; we are the clay, and thou art our potter; and we are the work of thy hand.

Derived terms
ball clay
clayey
claymation
fire clay
potter's clay|potter’s clay

Translations
trans-top|mineral substance
Albanian: argjilë, deltinë
Arabic: Arab|طين|طِين IPAchar|(ʈīen) m, Arab|صلصال|صَلْصال IPAchar|(ʂalʂāl) m
trreq|Armenian
Bulgarian: глина (glina) f
Chinese: 黏土 (niántǔ)
Crimean Tatar: balçıq
Czech: jíl m
Danish: ler
Dutch: klei m
trreq|Esperanto
Estonian: savi#Estonian|savi
Ewe: anyi n
Finnish: savi#Finnish|savi
French: argile m
Georgian: თიხა (t‘ixa)
German: Lehm m, Ton#German|Ton m
Greek: άργιλος m
trreq|Hawaiian
trreq|Hebrew
trans-mid
Hungarian: agyag
trreq|Icelandic
Italian: argilla f, creta f
Japanese: 粘土 (ねんど, néndo)
Korean: 찰흙 (chalheuk)
Latin: argilla f
trreq|Latvian
trreq|Lithuanian
trreq|Mongolian
Polish: glina f
Portuguese: argila f
Romanian: argilă f
Russian: глина (glína) f
Slovene: glina f
Spanish: arcilla f
Swedish: lera c
Thai: Thai|ดินเหนียว (din nĭeow), Thai|ดินนวล (din nuan)
trreq|Turkish
trreq|Vietnamese
trans-bottom

See also
alluvium
kaolin, kaoline
w:Clay|Wikipedia article on clay

References
<references />
Krueger, Dennis (December 1982). "Why On Earth Do They Call It Throwing?" Studio Potter Vol. 11, Number 1.1 (etymology)
R:Webster NCD 1974
Clay, New Webster Dictionary of English Language, 1980 edition.

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Revision and Credits for"clay"
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