Complete Definition of "castle"

Image:Burg Hohenzollern ak.jpg|thumb|A castle
English
wikipedia

Etymology
From Latin castellum, literally little camp, from castrum, camp, from casa, hut or cottage

Pronunciation
käs'(É)l, /ËkÉËs(É)l/, /<tt>"kA:s(@)l</tt>/
kÄs'(É)l, /Ëkæs(É)l/, /<tt>"kæs(@)l</tt>/

Noun
en-noun

  1. A large building that is fortified and contains many defences; in previous ages often inhabited by a nobleman or king.
  2. A chess piece shaped like a castle tower which is also called a rook.
  3. obsolete A close helmet.

#* 1786, Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, p. 12,
#*: The castle was perhaps a figurative name for a close headpiece deduced from its enclosing and defending the head, as a castle did the whole body; or a corruption from the Old French word casquetel, a small or light helmet.

Usage notes
For the chess piece, chess players prefer the term rook.

Synonyms
(1): fortress, keep
(2): rook

Translations
rfc-level|Translations at L4+ not in L3 POS section
trans-top|fortified building
Breton: kastell m, kestell
Croatian: dvorac m
Czech: hrad m
Danish: slot n, borg c; herregård c
Dutch: kasteel n, fort n, burcht f, slot n
Esperanto: kastelo
Estonian: linnus, kindlus
Finnish: linna
French: château m, château-fort m
Frisian: kastiel
German: Burg f, Festung f
Greek: κάÏÏÏο (kástro) n
Hebrew: ×××¨× (t'ira) f
Hindi: à¤à¤¿à¤²à¥à¤²à¤¾ (qilla)
Hungarian: vár
Icelandic: kastali m
Ido: kastelo
Interlingua: castello
Italian: castello m
Japanese: å (ãã, shiro)
trans-mid
Kurdish: KUchar|ÙÙâڵا
Latin: castellum n
Latvian: pils f
Maltese: kastell m
Marathi: à¤à¤¿à¤²à¥à¤²à¤¾ (qilla), दà¥à¤°à¥à¤ (durg, fort), à¤à¤¡ (gad, fort)
Mongolian: Ñайз (tsajz) n
Occitan: castèl m
Persian: FAchar|Ø¯Ú (dezh)
Polish: zamek m
Portuguese: castelo m
Romanian: castel n
Russian: RUchar|замок|заÌмок (zámok) m
Sanskrit: दà¥à¤°à¥à¤ (durg, fort)
Serbian: замaк m, zamak m
Slovene: grad m
Spanish: castillo m
Swedish: slott n, borg c, befästning c, fästning c
Thai: THchar|à¸à¸£à¸²à¸ªà¸²à¸ (bpraa-sàat)
Turkish: kale
Volapük: kased
Welsh: caer f, castell m
trans-bottom

trans-top|chess piece
Afrikaans: toring
Albanian: kala
Basque: gaztelu
Breton: tour m
Bulgarian: Ñоп (top) m
Catalan: torre f
Croatian: top m
Czech: vÄž f
Danish: tårn n
Dutch: toren m
Esperanto: turo
Estonian: vanker
Faeroese: rókur
Finnish: torni
French: tour f
Frisian: stins
Galician: torre f
German: Turm m
Greek: ÏÏÏÎ³Î¿Ï (pírgos)
Hebrew: צר××|צרִ××Ö· (tzeryakh) m
Hungarian: bástya
Icelandic: hrókur m
Indonesian: benteng
Irish: caiseal
Italian: rocco m, torre#Italian|torre f
trans-mid
Latin: turris f
Latvian: tornis m
Lithuanian: bokštas
Macedonian: Ñоп (top) m
Maltese: kastell m
Norwegian: tårn
Occitan: castel m
Polish: wieża f
Portuguese: torre f
Romanian: turn
Romansh: tur
Russian: ладÑÑ (ladâjá) f, ÑÑÑа (turá) f
Serbian:

Slovak: veža f
Slovene: trdnjava f
Spanish: torre#Spanish|torre f
Swedish: torn#Swedish|torn n
Turkish: kale#Turkish|kale
Ukrainian: ÑÑÑа (tura) f
Welsh: castell m
trans-bottom

Related terms
castellated
ice castle
king of the castle
sandcastle

Verb
en-verb|castl|ing

  1. chess To perform the move of castling.

Translations

Dutch: rokeren
Finnish: tornittaa
French: roquer
German: rochieren
Icelandic: hrókera
mid
Ido: roquar
Slovene: rokirati
Spanish: enrocarse
Swedish: rockera

Category:Royal residences

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Revision and Credits for"castle"
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