Complete Definition of "back"

see|bäck
wikipedia|Back (disambiguation)
English

rank|think|life|went|132|back|under|same|take

Pronunciation
IPA|/Ëbæk/, SAMPA|/"b{k/
audio|en-us-back.ogg|Audio (US)
rhymes|æk

Etymology
OE. term|bæc

Adverb
en-adv|further back|furthest back

  1. (Not comparable) To a previous condition or place.

#: He gave back the money.

  1. Away from the front or from an edge.

#: Sit all the way back in your chair.
#: Step back from the curb.

  1. In a manner that impedes.

#: Fear held him back. <!-- comparable?-->

Translations
trans-top|to a previous condition or place
Afrikaans: terug
Czech: t-|cs|zpÄt, t-|cs|zpátky
Danish: tilbage
Dutch: t+|nl|terug
Finnish: t+|fi|takaisin
German: t+|de|zurück
Italian: t+|it|indietro, t+|it|posto|alt=a posto
trans-mid
Japanese: t-|ja|æ»ã|trmodori|scJpan, t-|ja|åã®|trmotono|scJpan, t-|ja|åéã|trmotodÅri|scJpan, t-|ja|以åã®|trizen'no|scJpan
ttbc|Korean: t-|ko|ìë|altìëëë¡|trwollaedaero|sc=Hang
Romanian: t-|ro|înapoi
Slovene: nazaj
Spanish: t-|es|atrás|alt=hacia atrás
Swedish: t-|sv|tillbaka
Telugu:t|te|à°µà±à°¨à±à°
trans-bottom

trans-top|away from the front or from an edge
trans-mid
Chineseãtraditional/simplified: å¾é¢, åé¢ (hóu miàn)
Korean: t+|ko|ë¤|altë¤ë¡|trdwiro|sc=Hang
Spanish: t-|es|atrás
trans-bottom

trans-top|in a manner that impedes
Czech: t-|cs|zpÄt, t-|cs|zpátky
Dutch tegen
trans-mid
Ewe: megbe
Slovene: nazaj
trans-bottom

Adjective
en-adj|-

  1. Near the rear.

#: Go in the back door of the house.

  1. context|after a change In the previous state or position.

#: He was on vacation, but now heâs back.
#: The office fell into chaos when you left, but now order is back.

  1. Not current.

#: Iâd like to find a back issue of that magazine.

  1. far|Far from the main area.

#: They took a back road.

Synonyms
sense|near the rear rear
sense|after a change|in the previous state or position returned, restored
sense|not current former, previous
sense|far from the main area remote

Antonyms
sense|near the rear front
sense|after a change|in the previous state or position
sense|not current current
sense|far from the main area main

Translations
trans-top|near the rear
Afrikaans: agter
Czech: t-|cs|zadní
Dutch: t+|nl|achter
Ewe: megbe
Finnish: t-|fi|taka-, t-|fi|takainen
French: (door) de derrière
Italian: posteriore, di dietro
trans-mid
Japanese: å¾ãã® (ushirono), è£ã® (urano)
ttbc|Korean: t+|ko|ë¤|altë¤ìª½ì|trdwijjogui|scHang, t|ko|ë°°í|altë°°íì|trbaehu-ui|scHang
Romanian: t-|ro|în spatele
Russian: задний, -ÑÑ (f), -ее (n), -ие (pl) (zadnij)
Slovene: zadnji m, zadnja f, zadnje n
ttbc|Spanish: t-|es|atrás|alt=de atrás, t+|es|trasero|m, t+|es|posterior|m
Telugut|te|à°µà±à°¨à±à°à°à±
trans-bottom

trans-top|after a change, in the previous state or position
trans-mid
ttbc|Korean: t|ko|ëë리ë¤|trdoedollida|scHang
ttbc|Spanish: t+|es|volver|m|altvuelto, t|es|revertir|m|altrevertido
trans-bottom

trans-top|not current
Chinese traditional/simplified: 以åç, 以åç (yÇ qián de)
Dutch: t-|nl|achterhaald
Italian: t+|it|arretrato
trans-mid
Japanese: åã® (maeno), åã® (motono), 以åã® (izen'no)
ttbc|Korean: t-|ko|ì´ì |altì´ì ì|trijeon-ui|sc=Hang
ttbc|Spanish: t-|es|atrasado|m
Telugu: t|te|à°®à±à°¨à±à°ªà°à°¿
trans-bottom

trans-top|far from the main area
Afrikaans: agteraf
Chinese traditional/simplified: åå»ç, åå»ç (piÄn pì de)
Dutch: achteraf
Ewe: megbe
Finnish: t-|fi|syrjä-, t-|fi|syrjäinen
trans-mid
French: t-|fr|écarté|m
Italian: t+|it|secondario|m
Japanese: è£ã® (urano)
ttbc|Korean: t-|ko|몰ë¤|trmeolda|scHang
Telugu: t|te|à°¦à±à°°à°®à±
trans-bottom

Noun
en-noun
wikipedia

  1. The side of something opposite the front or useful side; the reverse side; the side that is not normally seen.

#: Turn the book over and look at the back cover.

  1. That which is farthest away from the front.

#: He sat in the back of the room.

  1. The part of something that goes last.

#: The car was near the back of the train.

  1. The rear of body, especially the part between the neck and the end of the spine and opposite the chest and belly.

#: Could you please scratch my back?

  1. In some team sports, a position behind most players on the team.

Synonyms
sense|side opposite the front or useful side reverse
sense|rear of the body rear

Antonyms
sense|side opposite the front or useful side front
sense|that which is farthest away from the front front

Translations
trans-top|the reverse side
Afrikaans: agter, agterkant
Chinese traditional/simplified: å¾é¢ç, åé¢ç (hóu miàn de)
Czech: t-|cs|rub|m
Danish: bagside
Dutch: achterkant, achter
Ewe: megbe
Finnish: t-|fi|kääntöpuoli, t-|fi|nurja puoli, t+|fi|takapuoli, t-|fi|taka-
French: t+|fr|derrière|m, t+|fr|revers|m
German: t-|de|Rückseite|f
Hebrew: ×× (gÉv) m
Indonesian: belakang
Irish: t-|ga|droim|m|xs=Irish
Italian: t-|it|retro|m, t+|it|dietro|m, t+|it|rovescio|m
trans-mid
Japanese: è£ (ura), è£é¢ (uramen), è£å´ (uragawa)
ttbc|Korean: t|ko|ì´ë©´|trimyeon|scHang
Persian: fa-Arab|پشت (pošt)
Polish: tyÅ
Portuguese: t+|pt|dorso|m, t-|pt|reverso|m
Romanian: t-|ro|spate
Russian: зад (zad) m
Slovene: hrbet m
ttbc|Spanish: t+|es|dorso|m, t|es|envés|m, t-|es|reverso|m
Swedish: t-|sv|baksida
Tagalog: likod
Telugu: t|te|à°µà±à°¨à±à°à°µà±à°ªà±
trans-bottom

trans-top|that which is farthest away from the front
Afrikaans: agter, agterkant
Chinese traditional/simplified: æå¾, æå (zuÄ« hóu)
Dutch: achterkant, achter
Ewe: megbe
Finnish: t-|fi|perä, t-|fi|perukka
French: t+|fr|fond|m
German: t+|de|Ende|n
Indonesian: belakang
Italian: t+|it|fondo|m
trans-mid
Japanese: æå¾ (saigo), å¾ã (ushiro)
ttbc|Korean: t|ko|ë°°í|trbaehu|scHang
Polish: tyÅ, koniec
Romanian: t-|ro|spate
Russian: зад (zad) m
Spanish: t-|es|atrás|parte de atrás, t-|es|fondo|m
Swedish: t-|sv|bakände|c
Tagalog: pinakalikod
Telugu: t|te|à°µà±à°¨à±à°à°¬à°¡à±
trans-bottom

trans-top|the part of something that goes last
Afrikaans: agterkant
Chineseãtraditional/simplified: æå¾ç, æåç (zuÄ« hóu)
Czech: zadní konec m
Dutch: achterkant
Ewe: megbe
Finnish: t-|fi|perä, t-|fi|takaosa, t-|fi|peräpää
French: t+|fr|fin|f
German: t+|de|Ende|n, t-|de|Hinterende
Hebrew: ס×Ö¹×£ (sof) m
Indonesian: belakang
Italian: t+|it|fondo|m, t+|it|dietro|m
trans-mid
Japanese: å¾ã (ushiro), å¾æ¹ (kouhou), å¾ãå´ (ushirogawa)
Polish: tyÅ, koniec
Portuguese: parte de trás f
Romanian: t-|ro|spate
Russian: зад (zad) m
ttbc|Spanish: t-|es|atrás|alt=de atrás
Swedish: t-|sv|bakände|c
Tagalog: huling dulo, huling bahagi
Telugu: t|te|à°µà±à°¨à±à°
trans-bottom

trans-top|the rear of body
Afrikaans: t+|af|rug|xs=Afrikaans
Arabic: ARchar|ظÙر ƶahr
Catalan: esquena f
Chinese traditional/simplified: èé¨, èé¨ãï¼bèi bù)
Czech: t-|cs|záda|p
Danish: ryg
Dutch: t+|nl|rug
Ewe: dzime
Finnish: t+|fi|selkä
French: t+|fr|dos|m
German: t+|de|Rücken|m
Hebrew: ×× (gÉv) m
Indonesian: punggung
Irish: t-|ga|droim|m|xs=Irish
Italian: qualifier|of a person or animal t+|it|schiena|f, qualifier|of an animal t+|it|dorso|m
trans-mid
Japanese: t+|ja|è|trse|scJpan, t-|ja|è中|trsenaka|scJpan, t-|ja|èé¢|trhaimen|scJpan
Korean: t+|ko|ë±|trdeung|scHang
Kurdish: t-|ku|پشت|sc=KUchar
Latin: t-|la|dorsum|n
Polish: plecy
Portuguese: qualifier|of a person t+|pt|costas|f|p, qualifier|of an animal t-|pt|lombo
Romanian: t-|ro|spate
Russian: t+|ru|Ñпина|f|trspiná|scCyrl
Slovene: hrbet m
Spanish: t+|es|espalda|f, t-|es|lomo|m
Swahili: mgongo, migongo pl (noun 3/4)
Swedish: t+|sv|rygg
Telugu: t|te|à°µà±à°¨à±à°à°µà±à°ªà±
trans-bottom

trans-top|a position behind most players on the team
Chinese traditional/simplified: å¾é¢ç, åé¢ç (hóu miàn de)
Dutch: verdediger, achterhoedespeler
Finnish: t+|fi|puolustaja, t+|fi|pakki
French: t+|fr|arrière|m
German: t-|de|Verteidiger|m
Hebrew: ××× (mÉgen) m
Indonesian: belakang
Italian: t+|it|difensore|m, t-|it|terzino|m
trans-mid
Portuguese: t-|pt|zagueiro|m, t-|pt|beque|m
Spanish: t+|es|defensa|m
Swedish: t+|sv|back
Telugu: t|te|à°µà±à°¨à±à°
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
rfc-level|Translations to be checked at L5+, not in Translations
checktrans
ttbc|Ido: dorso

Verb
en-verb

  1. To go in the reverse direction.

#: The train backed into the station.

  1. To support.

#: I back you all the way.

  1. nautical|of the wind the change direction contrary to its normal pattern (anticlockwise in the northern hemisphere, clockwise in the southern)
  2. nautical|of a square sail to brace the yards so that the wind presses on the front of the sail, to slow the ship
  3. nautical|of an anchor to lay out a second, smaller anchor to provide additional holding power

Translations
trans-top|to go in the reverse direction
Dutch: achteruit gaan, achteruit rijden
Finnish: t-|fi|peruuttaa
French: sense|person t+|fr|reculer, sense|vehicle t+|fr|arrière|alt=faire marche arrière
German: sense|vehicle t-|de|zurücksetzen
Indonesian: mundur
Italian: t-|it|indietreggiare, qualifier|vehicle t+|it|indietro|alt=fare marcia indietro
trans-mid
Japanese: æ»ã (modoru), 帰ã (kaeru), éè¡ãã (gyakkousuru)
ttbc|Korean: t|ko|ë·ê±¸ìì¹ë¤|trdwitgeoreumchida|scHang, t|ko|ì­ííë¤|tryeokaenghada|scHang, t|ko|íí´íë¤|trhutoehada|scHang
Portuguese: sense|vehicle qualifier|Portuguese Portuguese t+|pt|atrás|fazer marcha atrás, qualifier|Brazilian Portuguese t|pt|marcha-à-ré|fazer marcha-à-ré
Russian: t+|ru|назад|altездиÑÑ/еÑаÑÑ Ð½Ð°Ð·Ð°Ð´|trjézdit'/jéhat' nazád|sc=Cyrl
Spanish: qualifier|vehicle t-|es|atrás|alt=ir/dar marcha atrás, t-|es|retroceder
Swedish: t+|sv|backa
t|te|à°µà±à°¨à±à°à°à±à°ªà±à°µà±
trans-bottom

trans-top|to support
Dutch: t+|nl|steunen
Finnish: t+|fi|tukea
French: t+|fr|soutenir
Indonesian: dukung
Italian: t+|it|appoggiare, t+|it|sostenere
trans-mid
Portuguese: t-|pt|apoiar
Russian: поддеÑживаÑÑ (poddérzivat' [impf.])
Spanish: t-|es|respaldar, t-|es|sostener
Swedish: t-|sv|backa upp
Telugu: t|te|à°µà±à°¨à±à°à°¨à±à°à°¡à°¿
trans-bottom

Derived terms
<!--Note: many, many phrasal verbs in which the second component is "back" could be added here-->
rel-top4
answer back
backache
back and forth
back away
backbeat, back beat
back-bench, backbench<!--adjective, as in "backbench MP"-->
back-bencher, backbencher
back benches, back-benches, backbenches
backbite
backbiter
backbiting
back-blocks
back boiler
backbone
backbreaker
backbreaking, back-breaking
back burner
backchat
back-cloth
backcomb, back-comb
back cover
back-crawl
backdate, back-date
back door
back down
back-draught
backdrop
-backed<!--combining form-->
back end
backer
backfill
backfire
back-formation
backgammon
back garden
background
rel-mid4
backhand
backhanded, back-handed
backhander, back-hander
backing
back into
back issue
back kitchen
backlash
back-light
back-lighting
backlist
backlog
backlot
backmost
back number, back-number
back of beyond
back off
back on to
back out
backpack, back-pack
back page
back pass
back passage
backpay, back pay
back payment
back-pedal
back-projection
backrest
back road
backroom
back row
backscatter
backscratcher
backscratching
back scrubber
back-seat driver
backshift
rel-mid4
back-shop
backside
back sight
back-slang
backslapping, back-slapping
backslash
backslide
backsliding
backspace
backspin
back-stabbing
backstage
backstair, backstairs
backstay
backstitch
backstop
back straight
back street
back-stroke, backstroke
backswing
back to back, back-to-back
back to basics
back to front
back to nature
backtrack
back up<!--verb-->
backup, back-up<!--noun-->
backward
backwards
backwash
backwater
backwoods
back yard
bad back
bareback
be glad to see the back of
behind someone's back
rel-mid4
break the back of
call back<!--verb-->
cashback
get back at
get off someone's back
get someone's back up
give back
go behind someone's back
go to hell and back
have back
have one's back to the wall
hollow back
horseback
hunchback
in back of
know like the back of one's hand
left back<!--position in various sports-->
look like the back end of a bus
offensive back
off the back foot
phone back
put on the back burner
put one's back into
put someone's back up
redback
right back<!--position in various sports-->
ring back
running back
saddle back
set back<!--verb-->
setback<!--noun-->
shagger's back
stand back
swayback
take a back seat
there and back
rel-bottom

Category:English ergative verbs


Swedish

Noun
sv-noun-reg-ar
back c

  1. crate; storage of bottles
  2. #English|back; position behind most players on the team
  3. reverse; car gear

Category:200 English basic words

ang:back
ar:back
cs:back
de:back
el:back
es:back
fa:back
fr:back
ko:back
hy:back
io:back
it:back
kk:back
lt:back
hu:back
ja:back
pl:back
pt:back
ru:back
simple:back
fi:back
sv:back
ta:back
te:back
vi:back
tr:back
uk:back
zh:back

Revision and Credits for"back"
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