Complete Definition of "autochthonous"

was wotd|2007|November|5
English

Etymology
Literally, "native to the soil"; from term|autochthon.

Pronunciation
a|RP IPA|/ÉËËtÉkθÉnÉs/, SAMPA|/O:"[email protected]@s/
a|US IPA|/ÉËËtÉËkθÉnÉs/

audio|en-us-autochthonous.ogg|Audio (US)

Adjective
en-adj|-

  1. native|Native to the place where found; indigenous.

#*1889, Justin Winsor, Narrative and Critical History of America, Vol. I, p. 375.
#*:Two of the most celebrated of the evolutionists reject the autochthonous view, for Darwin's Descent of Man and Haeckel's Hist. of Creation consider the American man an emigrant from the old world, whatever way the race may have developed

  1. context|biology|medicine originating|Originating, where found.
  2. geology buried|Buried in place, especially of a fossil preserved in its life position without disturbance or disarticulation.

#*1992 â Anna K. Behrensmeyer, et al., Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time, page 83
#*:Death and burial may be simultaneous, resulting in a preserved snapshot of an autochthonous assemblage that may be compared directly with present day ecosystems.

Synonyms
sense|native to the place where found aboriginal, autochthonic, indigenous, native

Antonyms
sense|buried in place allochthonous

Translations
Polish: t|pl|autochtoniczny m

Related terms
autochthonal
autochthonic
autochthonism
autochthony
autochthonously
parautochtonous

Trivia
term|autochthonous|Autochthonous was the winning word at the 2004 Scripps National Spelling Bee.

Category:Scripps winning words

fr:autochthonous
ru:autochthonous
vi:autochthonous
zh:autochthonous

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