Complete Definition of "accident"

English

Etymology
French accident, from Latin accidens, -dentis, present participle of accidere to happen; ad + cadere to fall. See cadence, case.

Pronunciation
IPA|/ˈæk.sə.dənt/, SAMPA|/"{[email protected]@nt/
audio|en-us-accident.ogg|Audio (US)

Noun
en-noun

  1. Literally, a befalling; an event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; an undesigned, sudden, and unexpected event; chance; contingency; often, an undesigned and unforeseen occurrence of an afflictive or unfortunate character; a casualty; a mishap; as, to die by an accident

#* Shakespeare, Othello, I-iii:
#*: Of moving accidents by flood and field.
#* Trench:
#*: Thou cam'st not to thy place by accident: It is the very place God meant for thee.

  1. grammar A property attached to a word, but not essential to it, as gender, number, case.
  2. military An unplanned event that results in injury (including death) or occupational illness to person(s) and/or damage to property, exclusive of injury and/or damage caused by action of an enemy or hostile force.
  3. context|Heraldry A point or mark which may be retained or omitted in a coat of arms
  4. logic A property or quality of a thing which is not essential to it, as whiteness in paper; an attribute
  5. logic A quality or attribute in distinction from the substance, as sweetness, softness.
  6. Any accidental property, fact, or relation; an accidental or nonessential; as, beauty is an accident.

#* w:J. P. Mahaffy|J. P. Mahaffy:
#*: This accident, as I call it, of Athens being situated some miles from the sea.

  1. obsolete unusual|Unusual appearance or effect - Chaucer
  2. law casus; such unforeseen, extraordinary, extraneous interference as is out of the range of ordinary calculation.

Related terms
accidental
accidentally
freak accident

Translations
trans-top|befalling, mishap, casualty
Dutch: t+|nl|ongeluk|n, t+|nl|ongeval|n
Finnish: t-|fi|onnettomuus, t|fi|sattuma, t|fi|tapaturma
Japanese: Jpan|事故 (Jpan|じこ, jiko), Jpan|アクシデント (akushidento)
trans-mid
Polish: t+|pl|wypadek|m
Russian: t|ru|несчастный случай|m|trn'eš'ástnyj slúčaj|scCyrl, t+|ru|авария|f|travarija|scCyrl technical, t|ru|катасрофа|f|trkatastrófa|scCyrl
Swedish: t|sv|olycka|c
trans-bottom

trans-top|property attached to a word
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|military: unplanned event resulting in injury
Dutch toevallig
Finnish: t-|fi|onnettomuus
trans-mid
Russian: t|ru|несчастный случай|m|trn'eš'ástnyj slúčaj|scCyrl, t+|ru|авария|f|travarija|scCyrl technical
trans-bottom

trans-top|heraldry: which may be retained or omitted
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|logic: quality or attribute
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|accidental property
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|unusual appearance
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|unforeseen interference
trans-mid
trans-bottom

ttbc-top
ttbc|Basque: istripu, ezbehar
ttbc|Bulgarian: Злополука
ttbc|Catalan: accident
ttbc|Danish: uheld
ttbc|Esperanto: akcidento
ttbc|French: accident m
ttbc|German: Unfall
ttbc|Greek: ατυχήματα
ttbc|Hebrew: תאונה (teuna) f (1)
ttbc|Hungarian: baleset
ttbc|Ido: acidento
ttbc|Indonesian: celaka|kecelakaan, musibah (1)
ttbc|Italian: incidente
ttbc-mid
ttbc|Maltese: inċident
ttbc|Norwegian: ulykke
ttbc|Portuguese: acidente
ttbc|Romanian: accident n (1)
ttbc|Sinhala: හදිසි අනතුර n
ttbc|Spanish: accidente m
ttbc-bottom

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