Complete Definition of "abolish"

English

Etymology
From French abolir, which comes from Latin abolere, from ab + olere "to grow".

Pronunciation
(RP) IPA|/ÉËbÉlɪÊ/

É-bÅl'Ä­sh, /<tt>@"bQlIS</tt>/
É'bolish
audio|en-us-abolish.ogg|Audio (US)

Verb
en-verb|abolish|es

  1. To do away with wholly; to annul; to make void; to end a law, system, custom or institution

#: Slavery was abolished in the nineteenth century.

  1. archaic To put an end to or destroy, as a physical object; to wipe out.

#: And with thy blood abolish so reproachful blot. - Spenser
#: His quick instinctive hand Caught at the hilt, as to abolish him. - Tennyson

Synonyms
abrogate
annul
cancel
nullify
repeal
revoke

<!-- what to do with this? WikiSaurus??
These words have in common the idea of setting aside by some overruling act.
Abolish applies particularly to things of a permanent nature, such as institutions, usages, customs, etc.; as, to abolish monopolies, serfdom, slavery. Repeal describes the act by which the legislature of a state sets aside a law which it had previously enacted.
Abrogate was originally applied to the repeal of a law by the Roman people; and hence, when the power of making laws was usurped by the emperors, the term was applied to their act of setting aside the laws. Thus it came to express that act by which a sovereign or an executive government sets aside laws, ordinances, regulations, treaties, conventions, etc.
Revoke denotes the act of recalling some previous grant which conferred, privilege, etc.; as, to revoke a decree, to revoke a power of attorney, a promise, etc. Thus, also, we speak of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
Annul is used in a more general sense, denoting simply to make void; as, to annul a contract, to annul an agreement.
Nullify is an old word applied to the setting of things aside either by force or by total disregard; as, to nullify an act of Congress.
Cancel is to strike out or annul, by a deliberate exercise of power, something which has operative force. -->

Related terms
abolition
abolitionist

Translations
trans-top|to do away with something
Chinese: 为äºåºæ­¢
Dutch: afschaffen
Esperanto: abolicii, forigi
Estonian: tühistama, kaotama
Finnish: lakkauttaa, lopettaa
French: abolir, supprimer
German: schaffen
GreeK?: t|el|καÏαÏγÏ, t|el|καÏαλÏÏ
Hebrew: ×××× (levatel)
Interlingua: abolir
Italian: abolire
trans-mid
Japanese: å»æ­¢ãã (haishi suru)
Norwegian: avskaffe, forkaste
Novial: aboli
Portuguese: abolir
Russian: оÑмениÑÑ
Slovak: zrušiť
Spanish: abolir
Swedish: överge, förkasta
Thai: à¹à¸¥à¸´à¸ (lêrk), ยà¸à¹à¸¥à¸´à¸ (yok-lêrk), ยุà¸à¹à¸¥à¸´à¸ (yoob-lêrk)
Ukrainian: знеÑиниÑи, ÑкаÑÑваÑи
Volapük: säkibön, finidön
trans-bottom

trans-top|to destroy
Dutch: vernietigen
French: détruire
German: vernichten
Hebrew: ××ר×ס (laharos)
trans-mid
Spanish: destrozar
trans-bottom

checktrans-top|Translations to be checked
ttbc|Vietnamese: thủ tiêu, bãi bá», huá»· bá»
checktrans-mid
checktrans-bottom

ar:abolish
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te:abolish
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Revision and Credits for"abolish"
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