verb (inf= - , shall, -, should, -)
- (Modal auxiliary verb. Defective.)Used before a verb to indicate the simple future tense, particularly in the first person singular or plural.
- I sing in the choir tomorrow
- Used similarly to indicate determination or obligation, particularly in the second and third persons singular and plural.
- (determination): You go to the ball!
- (obligation): Citizens provide proof of identity.
- Used in questions to suggest a possible future action.
- Shall we go out later?
- (archaic) Used to indicate destiny or certainty.
- Goodness and mercy follow me all the days of my life.
- (obsolete) To owe.
Etymology: sculan, sceal, of Germanic origin.Compare Dutch zal.
- French: followed by the infinitive is translated by si and the imperfect tense, or, informally, without si and with the present tense
- Dutch: zullen
- Italian: followed by the infinitive is translated by the present tense
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