- (grammar) A participle indicating a completed action or state, and functioning as an adjective. When combined with the verb to have, a past participle forms the perfect tenses of a verb. In a regular verb, the past participle ends in -ed and has the same spelling as the past tense of the verb. Sometimes the last consonant needs to be doubled. Sometimes the end vowels change: y -> ied.
- French: participe passé(fr)m
- Italian: participio passato(it)m
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