- Any of several east Asian plants of the ginger family, used as a spice.
- 1980: An early English version of marmelade was called charedequynce, of which one version included wine, honey, ginger, , cinnamon and wardens as well as quinces. " The Times, 10 Jan 1980, p.12 col. A
Etymology: From Old French galingal, from Arabic (ARchar, ÙÙÙÙ) (qÄlanjÄn) (cognate with Persian (FAchar, ÙÙÙÙÙ) (kÅlinjÄn), Sanskrit ààààààà), perhaps from Chinese éèè (gÄoliíngjiÄng), from éè (gÄoliíng) (a district in China) + è (jiÄng) "ginger".
- French: galangue
- Italian: galanga
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