- a public official who presides over an inquest into unnatural deaths.
- Medical examiner, or ME.
- The edict that formally established the Coroners was Article 20 of the "Articles of Eyre" in September 1194.
Etymology: IN EVERY COUNTY OF THE KING'S REALM SHALL BE ELECTED THREE KNIGHTS AND ONE CLERK, TO KEEP THE PLEAS OF THE CROWNThe keeping of the pleas of the Crown was the source of the title, the original Latin was "custos placitorum coronas" from which the word "coroner" is derived. He was referred to for hundreds of years as "the Crowner" - as in Shakespeare's Hamlet, where derisively it is said "But is this law? Ay, marry, is't crowner's quest law!"
- Dutch: lijkschouwer
- French: médecin légiste
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