- Any enormous and disastrous event of great significance.
- A disaster beyond expectations (insurance industry)
- In ancient Greek tragedies, the solution of the plot.
- A social change of an outstanding radical and rapid character, with highly magical explanations by victims and others (sociology)
Etymology: :From the Ancient Greek word (t, el, , sc=Grek) derived from the verb , "to overturn", from "down" + "turn".
- French: catastrophe(fr)f
- German: Katastrophe(de)f
- Italian: catastrofe
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