- The policy of racial separation used in South Africa from 1948 to 1990.
- By extension, any similar policy of racial separation.
Etymology: From Afrikaans, apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness", "apartness", from apart "separate" (from French ípart) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.
- Spanish: apartheid
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