Etymology: Compare French benjoin, Spanish benjui and Portuguese beijoin, all from Arabic (lubÄn-jÄwÄ), incense form Sumatra (named Java in Arabic), the first syllable being lost.
- A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the Styrax benzoin, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume.
- (organic compound) A white crystalline substance, C14H12O2, obtained from benzoic aldehyde and some other sources.
- (botany) The spicebush, Lindera benzoin
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Full Definition of benzoin