Complete Definition of "virus"

see|Virus
English

Etymology
From L. term|virus||poison, slime, venom|lang=la.

Pronunciation
a|UK a|US enPR|vīʹrÉs, IPA|/ËvaɪɹÉs/, SAMPA|/"[email protected]/
:rhymes|aɪrÉs

Noun
en-noun|pl=viruses

  1. archaic venom|Venom, as produced by a poisonous animal etc.
  2. context|pathology|microbiology|virology A submicroscopic infectious organism, now understood to be a non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat that requires a living cell to replicate — often causes disease in the host organism.

#*2001: Viruses are the smallest and most simplified forms of life. â Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 64)

  1. computing A computer virus.

Usage notes
The plural is often believed to be virii or less commonly viri, but neither are correct Latin and both are neologism|neologistic W:Folk etymology|folk etymology.

Related terms
viroid

Translations
trans-top|DNA/RNA causing disease
Czech: vir#Czech|vir m
Danish: #Danish|virus
Dutch: #Dutch|virus
Estonian: viirus
Dutch:#Dutch|virus
Finnish: #Finnish|virus
trans-mid
German: #German|virus
Italian: #Italian|virus
Japanese: ã¦ã¤ã«ã¹ (uirusu)
Polish: wirus m
Spanish: #Spanish|virus
Swedish: #Swedish|virus
trans-bottom

trans-top|computer virus
See computer virus
trans-bottom

See also
prion
pedialite|Plural of virus


Danish

Noun
infl|da|noun g|Danish

  1. #English|virus

Dutch

Noun
nl-noun|gm|virussen|virusje|dimplvirusjes

  1. English|virus

Finnish

Pronunciation
IPA|/ËÊirus/

Noun
fi-noun|viru|type=seos

  1. #English|virus

French

Noun
fr-noun|m|plural=virus

  1. #English|virus

Italian

Noun
infl|it|noun|g=m

  1. #English|virus

Latin

Noun
la-noun|vīrus|viri|vīrī|n|second

  1. venom
  2. poison

Usage notes
Plural forms are currently unattested.

Inflection
{| cellpadding"5" border"1"
!style="background:#F1BC4E;"| Case \ #
!style="background:#C0C0C0;"| N.
!style="background:#C0C0C0;"| NN.
|-
!style="background:#C0C0C0;"| Nominative
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>vīrus
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>vīra
|-
!style="background:#C0C0C0;"| Genitive
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>viri|vīr&#299;
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>vīr&#333;rum
|-
!style="background:#C0C0C0;"| Dative
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>vīr&#333;
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>vīr&#299;s
|-
!style="background:#C0C0C0;"| Accusative
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>vīrus
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>vīra
|-
!style="background:#C0C0C0;"| Ablative
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>vīr&#333;
|style="background:#F5F5F5;"| <big>vīr&#299;s
|}

Synonyms
sense|poison venenum


Spanish

Noun
es-noun-m|pl=virus

  1. #English|virus

Swedish

Noun
infl|sv|noun|g=m

  1. #English|virus

zh-min-nan:virus
de:virus
el:virus
es:virus
fr:virus
hy:virus
io:virus
it:virus
kk:virus
hu:virus
nl:virus
pl:virus
ru:virus
sl:virus
fi:virus
sv:virus
ta:virus
te:virus
vi:virus
tr:virus
zh:virus

Revision and Credits for"virus"
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