Complete Definition of "vacuum"

English

Alternative spellings
vacuüm (archaic)

Pronunciation

IPA|/ËvækjuÉm/, SAMPA|/"v{[email protected]/ or IPA|/ËvækjuËm/, SAMPA|/"v{kju:m/

Etymology
From L. vacuum (an empty space, void) noun use of neuter of vacuus (empty) related to vacare (be empty).

Noun
en-noun|pl=vacuums or vacua; see Usage notes for plurals

  1. A region of space that contains no matter.
  2. A vacuum cleaner.

Usage notes
In the sense of "a region of space that contains no matter", the plural of vacuum is either vacua or vacuums. In the sense of a "vacuum cleaner" vacuums is the only plural.
In the sense of in a vacuum; in free space the Latin in vacuo is used.

Synonyms
i-c|vacuum cleaner hoover (British)

Antonyms
i-c|region of space that contains no matter plenum

Translations
trans-top|region of space that contains no matter
Bulgarian: t+|bg|вакÑÑм|m|trvakuum|scCyrl
Catalan: buit m
Chinese: ç空 (zhÄnkÅng)
Croatian: t-|hr|vakuum|m, t-|hr|vakum|m
Czech: t-|cs|vakuum|n
Dutch: t+|nl|vacuüm|n
Esperanto: vakuo
Finnish: tyhjiö, vakuumi, tyhjö
French: t+|fr|vide|m, t+|fr|vacuum|m
German: t+|de|Vakuum|n
Greek: t+|el|κενÏ|n|sc=Grek
Hebrew: ××ק×× m ,ר×ק m
Hungarian: t+|hu|vákuum
Icelandic: t+|is|lofttæmi|n, t+|is|lofttóm|n
trans-mid
Interlingua: vacuo
Italian: t+|it|vuoto|m
Japanese: ç空 (ãããã, shinkÅ«)
Korean: ì§ê³µ (ç空, jingong)
Norwegian: t-|no|vakuum|n
Polish: t+|pl|próżnia|f
Portuguese: t+|pt|vácuo|m
Russian: t+|ru|вакÑÑм|m|trvákuum|scCyrl
Romanian: t-|ro|vid|n
Slovak: vákuum
Spanish: t+|es|vacío|m
Telugu: à°¶à±à°¨à±à°¯à° (SoonyaM?)
trans-bottom

trans-top|vacuum cleaner
Bulgarian: пÑаÑоÑмÑкаÑка f
Catalan: aspiradora f
Chinese: å¸å¡µæ©, å¸å°æº (xÄ« chén jÄ«)
Dutch: t+|nl|stofzuiger|m
Finnish: t+|fi|imuri, t-|fi|pölynimuri
French: t+|fr|aspirateur|m
German: t+|de|Staubsauger|m
Greek: ηλεκÏÏιÏή ÏκοÏÏα f
Hungarian: t+|hu|porszívó
Icelandic: ryksuga f
trans-mid
Interlingua: aspirator#Interlingua|aspirator
Italian: t-|it|aspirapolvere|m
Japanese: æé¤æ© (ãããã, sÅjiki)
Korean: ì§ê³µì²­ì기 (ç空淸ææ©, jingongcheongsogi)
Norwegian: støvsuger
Polish: t+|pl|odkurzacz|m
Portuguese: aspirador de pó m
Romanian: t-|ro|aspirator|n
Russian: t+|ru|пÑлеÑоÑ|m|trpylesós|scCyrl
Spanish: aspiradora f
trans-bottom

checktrans
trans-top|translations to be categorized
ttbc|Arabic: ARchar|Ùراغ
ttbc|Lithuanian: vakuumas m
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb

  1. transitive To clean (something) with a vacuum cleaner.
  2. intransitive To use a vacuum cleaner.

Synonyms
i-c|transitive sense to hoover (British)
i-c|intransitive sense to do the hoovering, to hoover (British)

Translations
trans-top|transitive: to clean with a vacuum cleaner
Dutch: stofzuigen
Finnish: t+|fi|imuroida
German: staubsaugen
Icelandic: ryksuga
trans-mid
Norwegian: støvsuge
Russian: пÑлеÑоÑиÑÑ (pyl'esósit') impf
Spanish: t+|es|aspirar
trans-bottom

trans-top|transitive: to use a vacuum cleaner
Dutch: stofzuigen
Finnish: t+|fi|imuroida
French: passer l'aspirateur
German: staubsaugen
Icelandic: ryksuga
trans-mid
Norwegian: støvsuge
Russian: пÑлеÑоÑиÑÑ (pyl'esósit') impf
Spanish: t+|es|aspirar
trans-bottom

checktrans
trans-top|translations to be checked
ttbc|Catalan: passar l'aspiradora
ttbc|Interlingua: mundar con le aspirator
ttbc|Norwegian: lage vakuum
ttbc|Portuguese: aspirar
ttbc|Portuguese: a vácuo
ttbc|Slovak: vysávať
trans-bottom


French

Pronunciation
IPA|/va.kÉ¥Ém/, SAMPA|/va.kHOm/

Noun
vacuum m

  1. vacuum (space containing no matter)

Synonyms
vide#French|vide

es:vacuum
fr:vacuum
io:vacuum
it:vacuum
hu:vacuum
ja:vacuum
fi:vacuum
sv:vacuum
te:vacuum
vi:vacuum
zh:vacuum

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