Complete Definition of "stadium"

Image:Alohastadium.jpg|thumb|A stadium (venue for sporting events).
English

Pronunciation
IPA|/ˈsteɪdiəm/, SAMPA|/"[email protected]/
Hyphenation: sta·di·um
audio|en-us-stadium.ogg|Audio (US)

Etymology
From L. stadium a measure of length, a race course (commonly one-eighth of a Roman mile; translated in early English Bibles by furlong), from w:Greek language|Greek stadion a measure of length, a running track, especially the track at Olympia, which was one stadium in length. The Greek word may literally mean fixed standard of length (from stadios firm, fixed, from PIE base *sta- to stand, cf. w:Dutch language|Dutch staan), or it may be from spadion, from span to draw up, pull with form inflection by stadios.

Noun
en-noun|s|pl2=stadia

  1. A Greek measure of length, being the chief one used for itinerary distances, also adopted by the Romans for nautical and astronomical measurements, equal to 600 Greek or 625 Roman feet, or 125 Roman paces, or to 606 feet, 9 inches.
  2. Hence, a race course, especially, the Olympic course for foot races.
  3. A venue where sporting events are held.
  4. A kind of telemeter for measuring the distance of an object of known dimensions, by observing the angle it subtends.
  5. In surveying, a graduated rod used to measure the distance of the place where it stands from an instrument having a telescope, by observing the number of the graduations of the rod that are seen between certain parallel wires (stadia wires) in the field of view of the telescope.

Usage notes
In formal writing, the Latinate plural stadia is preferred; in other contexts, the Anglicised plural stadiums is more common.

Synonyms
sense|Greek unit of length Olympic stadium
sense|venue where sporting events are held arena
sense|graduated rod in surveying stadia, stadia rod

Derived terms
stadia rod
stadia wire

Translations
trans-top|Greek measure of length
Dutch: stadion, n
trans-mid
Greek: στάδιο|στάδιο(ν) (stáðio[n]) n (192 meters)
trans-bottom

trans-top|race course, especially, the Olympic course for foot races
Dutch: stadion, n
trans-mid
Greek: στάδιο|στάδιο(ν) (stáðio[n]) n
trans-bottom

trans-top|venue where sporting events are held
Dutch: stadion n
French: stade m
Greek: στάδιο (stáðio) n
trans-mid
Icelandic: leikvangur m
Italian: stadio m
Russian: стадион (stádion) m
Spanish: estadio m
trans-bottom

trans-top|telemeter
Greek: σταδιόμετρο (staðiómetro) n
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|graduated rod in surveying
Greek: σταδία (staðía) f
trans-mid
trans-bottom

References
R:1913

Category: English nouns


Dutch

Noun
nl-noun|gn|pl1stadia|pl2stadiums|dimstadiumpje

  1. A stadium#English|stadium.
  2. A stage; a phase.

Usage notes
Stadium is a learned term used in certain proper nouns such as :nl:w:Yankee Stadium|Yankee Stadium. The standard Dutch term is stadion#Dutch|stadion.

Related terms
stadion#Dutch|stadion

ar:stadium
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Revision and Credits for"stadium"
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