Complete Definition of "sharp"

wikipedia|dab=sharp
English

Etymology
ME. from OE. scearp

Pronunciation
w:General American|GenAm? /ʃɑɹp/
w:Received Pronunciation|RP /ʃɑːp/
audio|en-us-sharp.ogg|Audio (US)
Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-ɑː(r)p|-ɑː(r)p

Adjective
en-adj|er|est

  1. Able to cut easily.

#:I keep my knives sharp so that they don't slip unexpectedly while carving.

  1. colloquial intelligent|Intelligent.

#:''My nephew is a sharp lad; he can count to 100 in six languages, and he's only five years old.

  1. Able to pierce easily.

#:Ernest had made the pencil too sharp, and accidentally stabbed himself with it.

  1. music A note that is played a semitone higher than usual (denoted by the name of the note followed by the symbol ♯).

#:The pitch pipe rang out with a perfect F♯ (F sharp).

  1. music The scale having a particular sharp note as its tonic.

#: The Moonlight Sonata is written in C♯ minor (C sharp minor.)

  1. music Higher-pitched than desired.

#:The oboe was an eighth of a tone sharp.

  1. Having an intense, acrid flavour, as sharp cheddar.

#:Milly couldn't stand sharp cheeses when she was pregnant, as they made her nauseous.

  1. Intense and sudden, as a sharp pain.

#:During labor, pregnant women will experience sharp contractions.

  1. colloquial Illegal or dishonest, as a sharp practice.

#:Michael had a number of sharp ventures on the side that he kept off the books.

  1. exact|Exact, precise, accurate; keen.

#:You'll need sharp aim to make that shot.

  1. offensive|Offensive, critical, or acrimonious, as sharp criticism.

#:''When the two rivals met, first there were sharp words, and then a fight broke out.

  1. colloquial stylish|Stylish or attractive.

#:You look so sharp in that tuxedo!

  1. observant|Observant; alert; acute.

#:Keep a sharp watch on the prisoners. I don't want them to escape!

Synonyms
(able to cut easily): keen, razor
(intelligent): bright, keen, witty
(sudden and intense): abrupt, stabbing

Antonyms
(music: higher by one semitone): flat
(music: higher in pitch than it should be): flat

Translations
trans-top|able to cut easily
Arabic: ARchar|حاد IPAchar|(ħa:d)
Catalan: esmolat
Chinese: 銳利 (ruìlì)
Czech: t-|cs|ostrý
Danish: t-|da|skarp, t-|da|spids
Dutch: scherp, scherpe
Finnish: t+|fi|terävä
French: affilé m, coupant m (coupante f)
German: t+|de|scharf
Hungarian: t+|hu|éles
Ido: akuta
Irish: t-|ga|géar|xs=Irish
trans-mid
Italian: t-|it|affilato
Japanese: 鋭い (するどい, surudoi)
Korean: 날카로운 (nalkaroun)
Kurdish:

Latvian: t-|lv|ass|xs=Latvian
Portuguese: t+|pt|afiado
Romanian: ascuţit
Russian: t+|ru|острый|tróstryj|scCyrl
Scottish Gaelic: geur, biorach, searbh
Slovene: oster m, ostra f, ostro n
Spanish: t+|es|afilado
Swedish: t-|sv|skarp, t+|sv|vass
Telugu: పదునైన (padunaina)
trans-bottom

trans-top|intelligent
Czech: t+|cs|bystrý
Dutch: scherpzinnig
Finnish: terävä, terävä-älyinen
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|intelligente
Russian: остроумный (ostroúmnyj), сметливый (sm'etlívyj), смышлёный (smyšl'ónyj), сообразительный (soobrazít'el'nyj)
Swedish: skarpsinnig, klyftig
trans-bottom

trans-top|able to pierce easily.
Czech: t-|cs|ostrý
Dutch: scherp, puntig, gepunt
Finnish: t+|fi|terävä
trans-mid
Italian: appuntito
Russian: t+|ru|острый|tróstryj|scCyrl
Scottish Gaelic: rinn-gheur, biorach, guineach
Slovene: oster m, ostra f, ostro n
Swedish: vass
trans-bottom

trans-top|of a note, played a semitone higher than usual
Czech: t-|cs|vysoký
Dutch: -kruis
trans-mid
Italian: diesis
Russian: -диез (dijéz)
trans-bottom

trans-top|of a scale, having a particular sharp note as its tonic
Dutch: -kruis
trans-mid
Italian: diesis
Russian: -диез (dijéz)
trans-bottom

trans-top|musically higher-pitched than desired
Dutch: t+|nl|hoog
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|having an intense, acrid flavour
Dutch: t+|nl|straf, t+|nl|sterk
Finnish: kirpeä, kipakka
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|acre, t+|it|intenso
Russian: t+|ru|острый|tróstryj|scCyrl, t+|ru|едкий|trjédkij|scCyrl
Scottish Gaelic: geur, searbh
Slovene: oster m, ostra f, ostro n
Swedish: t-|sv|skarp
trans-bottom

trans-top|intense and sudden (of pain)
Dutch: stekend, acuut
Finnish: t-|fi|pistävä
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|intenso, t+|it|forte
Russian: t+|ru|острый|tróstryj|scCyrl
Slovene: oster m, ostra f, ostro n
Swedish: t-|sv|skarp
trans-bottom

trans-top|illegal or dishonest
Italian: losco
Portuguese: t|pt|injusto|m
trans-mid
Russian: сомнительный (somnít'el'nyj), тёмный (t'ómnyj)
trans-bottom

trans-top|exact, precise, accurate, keen
Finnish: t+|fi|täsmällinen, t+|fi|tarkka
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|esatto, t+|it|preciso
Russian: t+|ru|точный|trtóčnyj|scCyrl
Scottish Gaelic: deas
trans-bottom

trans-top|offensive, critical, or acrimonious
Dutch: bijtend, snerend
Finnish: t+|fi|terävä
trans-mid
Italian: tagliente
Russian: t+|ru|резкий|trr'ézkij|scCyrl
Slovene: oster m, ostra f, ostro n
trans-bottom

trans-top|stylish or attractive
Finnish: t-|fi|tyylikäs
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|observant, alert, acute
Finnish: t+|fi|tarkka
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|attento
Scottish Gaelic: geur
Slovene: oster m, ostra f, ostro n
trans-bottom

checktrans-top
ttbc|Catalan: llest (2), punxegut (3), sostingut (4)
ttbc|French: intelligent m (intelligente f) (2), pointu m (pointue f) (3), dièse m f (4)
ttbc|German: aufgeweckt (2), scharfsinnig (2), scharf (3), -is (4)
ttbc|Irish: géar (3)
checktrans-mid
ttbc|Latvian: ass#Latvian|ass (2,3,5,7,8)
ttbc|Romanian: ascuţit (2, 3), diez (4)
ttbc|Spanish: listo (2), puntiagudo (3), sostenido (4)
ttbc|Telugu: చురుకైన (curukaina) (2), వాడియైన (vaaDiyaina) (3), తీవ్రమైన (teevramaina) (8), ఖచ్చితంగా (khaccitaMgaa) (10)
checktrans-bottom

Adverb
en-adv

  1. exactly|Exactly.

#:I'll see you at twelve o'clock, sharp.

  1. music In a higher pitch than is correct or desirable.

#:I didn't enjoy the concert much because the tenor kept going sharp on the high notes.

Translations
trans-top|exactly
Finnish: t-|fi|tasan
trans-mid
Spanish: en punto
trans-bottom

trans-top|in a higher pitch than correct
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Noun
en-noun

  1. music The symbol ♯, placed after the name of a note, in the key signature, or before a note on the staff to indicate that the note is to be played a semitone higher.

#:''Frequently, transposition is harder to read because of all the sharps and flats on the staff.

  1. music A note that is sharp in a particular key.

#:The piece was difficult to read after it had been transposed, since in the new key many of the notes were sharps.

  1. Something which is sharp; usually used in the plural.

#:Place sharps in a specially marked container for safe disposal.

  1. A dishonest person; a cheater.

#:The casino kept a set of pictures of known sharps in the break room for the bouncers to see.

Translations
trans-top|sign for a sharp note on the staff
Dutch: t+|nl|kruis|n
Finnish: t+|fi|risti
trans-mid
Russian: диез (díjéz)}} m
Swedish: korsförtecken n
trans-bottom

trans-top|a note that is sharp in a particular key
Dutch: t+|nl|kruis|n
Finnish: ylentää|ylennetty nuotti
trans-mid
Russian: диез (díjéz)}} m
trans-bottom

trans-top|a sharp object
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|cheater or dishonest person
Finnish: t+|fi|huijari
trans-mid
trans-bottom

checktrans-top
German: Erhöhungszeichen n
checktrans-bottom

Anagrams
harps

See also
music accidental, flat, natural
card sharp
sharply
♯

Derived terms
double sharp

Category:1000 English basic words

ar:sharp
et:sharp
es:sharp
fr:sharp
io:sharp
it:sharp
kk:sharp
ku:sharp
hu:sharp
pl:sharp
pt:sharp
ru:sharp
simple:sharp
fi:sharp
ta:sharp
te:sharp
vi:sharp
tr:sharp
zh:sharp

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