Complete Definition of "shark"

wikipedia
rfc|Origins unknown/invalid header
English

Pronunciation
IPA|/ʃɑː(r)k/
rhymes|ɑː(r)k

Noun
en-noun

  1. zoology a scaleless fish with a cartilaginous skeleton that has 5 to 7 gill slits on each side of its head
  2. sports a person who feigns ineptitude to win money from others, as in "pool shark"
  3. (derisive, colloquial): a (sleazy) lawyer; an ambulance chaser

Etymology
As a scaleless fish, the word is first attested in the 1560s, of uncertain origin. For definitions 2 and 3, the noun forms derived from the verb form, below.

Derived terms
basking shark
great white shark
loan shark
mako shark
nurse shark
pool shark
shark bait
sharkskin
tiger shark
whale shark

Translations
trans-top|scaleless cartilagenous fish
Albanian: peshkaqen m
Bosnian: ajkula#Bosnian|ajkula f
Bulgarian: акула (akula) f
Catalan: tauró m
Chinese: 鲨鱼 (shā-yú)
Croatian: morski pas m, ajkula f
Czech: žralok m
Danish: haj
Dutch: haai m
Esperanto: ŝarko
Estonian: hai
Faroese: hávur m
Fijian: qio
Finnish: hai
French: requin m
German: Hai m
Greek, Ancient: σελάχος (selachos) n
Greek, Modern: καρχαρίας (karxaˈriˌas) m
Hebrew: כריש (karîś) m
Hungarian: cápa
Indonesian: hiu
Italian: squalo m
Japanese: 鮫 (サメ, same)
trans-mid
Korean: 상어 (sang-ǒ)
Latin: squalus
Latvian: haizivs f
Luxembourgish: hai
Maltese: kelb il-baħar m, xark m
Maori: mangō
Norwegian: hai m
Polish: rekin m
Portuguese: tubarão m
Proto-Polynesian: *maŋō
Romanian: rechin m
Russian: акула (akula) f
Serbian

Slovene: morski pes m
Spanish: tiburón m
Swahili: papa
Swedish: haj c
Turkish: köpek balığı
Ukrainian: акула (akula) f
Yiddish: הײַפֿיש (hayfysh) m
trans-bottom

trans-top|person who feigns ineptitude
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|sleazy lawyear; ambulance chaser
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb

  1. obsolete: to steal or obtain through fraud.

Etymology
First attested in the 1590s, from the German "Schurke" (rascal) via "Schork", as a dialect.

Derived terms
shirk

See also
dogfish
grey nurse
hammerhead
porbeagle
smooth hound
thresher
white pointer

Category:Fish

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Revision and Credits for"shark"
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