Complete Definition of "radical"

English

Etymology
Latin radicalis.

Pronunciation
IPA|/ËɹædɪkÉl/, SAMPA|/"r{[email protected]/

Adjective
en-adj

  1. Of or pertaining to the root or root cause of the matter.
  2. Thorough going or fundamental.

#:The spread of the cancer required radical surgery, and the entire organ was removed.

  1. Favouring fundamental change, or change at the root cause of the matter.

#:His beliefs are radical.

  1. Slang: Extremely incredible.

#:That was a radical jump!
#chemistry Involving free radicals

Translations
Dutch: radicaal (2,3)
Italian: radicale, fondamentale (1,2,3,4), radicalico (5)
Finnish: radikaali, jyrkkä
German: radikal (2,3)
Ido: radikala

Noun
en-noun
wikipedia

  1. Person with radical opinions.
  2. (Hist. â 19th-century England) A member of the most progressive wing of the Liberal Party; someone favouring social reform (but generally stopping short of socialism).
  3. (Hist. â Early 20th-century France) A member of an influential, centrist political party favouring moderate social reform, a republican constitution, and secular politics.
  4. mathematics The root of a quantity n as notated by ân.

#linguistics In such logogram|logographic writing systems as the Chinese writing system, the portion of a character (if any) that provides an indication of its meaning; contrasted with phonetic.

  1. linguistics In Semitic languages, any one of the set of consonants (typically three) that make up a root.
  2. chemistry A group of atoms, joined by covalent bonds, that take part in reactions as a single unit.

Translations
Finnish: radikaali
Danish: radikal
Polish: radykaÅ m (1), pierwiastek m (4), rodnik m (6)
Swedish: radikal

Related terms
free radical
radically


French

Pronunciation
IPA|/Êa.di.kal/
SAMPA|/Ra.di.kal/

rfc-header|Adjective and noun
Adjective and noun
fr-infl-adj|smradical|sfradicale|pmradicaux|pfradicales|smpÊa.di.kal|sfpÊa.di.kal|pmpÊa.di.kÉ|pfpÊa.di.kal
radical m

  1. radical

et:radical
fr:radical
gl:radical
ha:radical
io:radical
id:radical
pt:radical
ru:radical
simple:radical
fi:radical
te:radical
vi:radical
tr:radical
zh:radical

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