Complete Definition of "plane"

see|Plane
wikipedia|dab=plane
English

Pronunciation
IPA|/pleɪn/, /pl̩eɪn/
audio|en-us-plane.ogg|Audio (US)
Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-eɪn|-eɪn

Homophones
plain

Etymology 1
From L. planum âflat surfaceâ, a noun use of the neuter of planus âplainâ. The word was introduced in the seventeenth century to distinguish the geometrical senses from the other senses of plain.

Adjective
en-adj-notcomp

  1. Of a surface: Perfectly flat or level.

Translations
trans-top|Of a surface: Perfectly flat or level.
Czech: plochý, rovinný
Finnish: tasainen
Danish: plan
German: eben
Greek: εÏίÏÎµÎ´Î¿Ï [eÌËpipeÌËðoÌs] m, ομαλÏÏ [ËoÌmaËloÌs] m, Î»ÎµÎ¯Î¿Ï [ËliËoÌs] m
Hebrew ××ש××¨× (mishori)
trans-mid
Norwegian: t-|no|plan
Portuguese: plano
Russian: плоÑкий (plóskij), ÑовнÑй (róvnyj)
Swedish: plan
Vietnamese: bằng, phẳng, bằng phẳng
trans-bottom

Noun
en-noun

  1. geometry A flat surface extending infinitely in all directions.
  2. A level of existence. (eg, astral plane)
  3. A roughly flat, thin, often moveable structure used to create lateral force by the flow of air or water over its surface, found on aircraft, submarines, etc.

Translations
trans-top|flat surface extending infinitely in all directions
Czech: rovina f, plocha f
Danish: plan c
Dutch: vlakte f
Esperanto: ebeno
Finnish: taso
French: plan m
German: Ebene f
Greek: εÏίÏεδο [eÌËpipeÌËðoÌ] n
Hebrew: ××ש×ר (mishor) m
trans-mid
Ido: plano
Italian: piano m
Latvian: plakne f
Norwegian: t-|no|plan|n
Polish: pÅaszczyzna f
Portuguese: plano m
Russian: плоÑкоÑÑÑ (plóskostâ) f
Slovak: rovina f
Swedish: plan n
Spanish: plano m
Telugu: తలమౠ(talamu)
Vietnamese: mặt
trans-bottom

trans-top|level of existence
Danish: plan n
Dutch: vlak n
Finnish: taso
German: Ebene f
trans-mid
Greek: εÏίÏεδο [eÌËpipeÌËðoÌ] n
Italian: piano m
Norwegian: t-|no|plan|n
Polish: wymiar f
Russian: ÑÑÐ¾Ð²ÐµÐ½Ñ (úrovenâ) m
Slovak: rovina f
Swedish: plan n
Vietnamese: trình Äá», mức
trans-bottom

trans-top|structure to create lateral force
Finnish: siipi
trans-bottom

Etymology 2
wikipedia|Plane (tool)
From Old (and modern) F. plane#Old French|plane, from late Latin plana âplaning toolâ, from planare.

Noun
Image:Stanley_No10_carriagemakers_rebate_plane.jpg|thumb|right|200px|a rabbet plane
en-noun

  1. countable A tool for smoothing wood by removing thin layers from the surface.

Translations
trans-top|a tool
Albanian: zdrukth m
Catalan: ribot m
Croatian: strug m, rende
Czech: hoblík m
Danish: høvl c
Esperanto: rabotilo
Finnish: höylä
French: rabot m
German: Hobel m
Greek: Ïλάνη [Ëplani] f, Ïοκάνι [roÌËkani] n, ÏÏκάνη [riËkani] f
Hebrew: ×קצ××¢ (maktsoa) m
trans-mid
Hungarian: gyalu
Italian: pialla, piallatrice f
Maltese: varloppa f
Norwegian: t|no|høvel|m
Portuguese: plaina f
Russian: ÑÑбанок (rubánok) m
Sardinian (Campidanese): prana f
Serbian: strug, rende
Slovak: hoblík
Slovene: skobelj
Spanish: cepillo m
Swedish: hyvel
Turkish: rende
trans-bottom

Related terms
rhykenologist

Verb
en-verb|plan|ing

  1. transitive To smooth (wood) with a plane.

Translations
trans-top|to smooth with a plane
Czech: hoblovat
Danish: høvle
Finnish: höylätä
German: hobeln
Greek: ÏÎ»Î±Î½Î¯Î¶Ï [plaËnizoÌ], ÏÎ¿ÎºÎ±Î½Î¯Î¶Ï [ËroÌkaËnizoÌ] (means also "to gnaw"), Î»ÎµÎ¹Î±Î¯Î½Ï [liËeÌnoÌ], ÎµÎ¾Î¿Î¼Î±Î»Î¯Î¶Ï [eÌËkÍ¡soÌmaËlizoÌ], ομαλÏÎ½Ï [ËoÌmaËlinoÌ], ιÏÎ¹Î¬Î¶Ï [iËsçazoÌ]
Hebrew: ××קצ××¢ (lehaktsia)
trans-mid
Italian: piallare
Norwegian: t|no|høvle
Portuguese: aplainar
Russian: ÑÑÑогаÑÑ (strogátâ)
Slovak: hobľovať
Swedish: hyvla
Telugu: à°à°¿à°¤à±à°°à°¿à° à°ªà°à±à°à± (chitrika paTTu)
Vietnamese: bào
trans-bottom

Etymology 3
Abbreviated from aeroplane.

Noun
en-noun

  1. An airplane; an aeroplane.

Derived terms
floatplane
seaplane

Translations
trans-top|airplane
Asturian: avión m
Czech: letoun m
Danish: flyver c
Dutch: vliegtuig n
Finnish: lentokone
French: avion m
German: Flugzeug n, Flieger m (infml.)
Greek: αεÏοÏλάνο n
Hebrew: ×××ס (matos) m, ××××ר×× (aviron) n
trans-mid
Italian: aereo m
Norwegian: t+|no|fly|n
Polish: samolot m
Portuguese: avião m, aeroplano m
Russian: ÑамолÑÑ (samoljót) m
Slovak: lietadlo n
Swahili: ndege
Swedish: plan n
Tok Pisin: balus
Turkish: uçak, tayyare (obsolete)
Vietnamese: máy bay; tàu bay (poetic)
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb|plan|ing

  1. nautical To move in a way that lifts the bow of a boat out of the water.
  2. To glide or soar.

Translations
trans-top|to move in a way that lifts the bow of a boat out of the water
Finnish: liukua, plaanata, nousta plaaniin
Italian: planare
trans-mid
Norwegian: t-|no|plane
Swedish: plana
trans-bottom

trans-top|to glide
Czech: plachtit
Finnish: liitää, liukua
German: gleiten
trans-mid
Russian: паÑиÑÑ (parit')
trans-bottom

Etymology 4
From Old (and modern) French plane#French|plane, from Latin platanus, from Greek ÏλαÏανοÏ, from ÏλαÏÎ¿Ï âbroadâ.

Noun
en-noun

  1. countable botany A deciduous tree of the genus Platanus.

Translations
trans-top|deciduous tree
Czech: platan m
Danish: platan c
Dutch: plataan m
Finnish: plataanipuu
German: Platane f
Greek: ÏλάÏÎ±Î½Î¿Ï [ËplataËnoÌs] m, ÏλαÏάνι [plaËtani] n
trans-mid
Hebrew: ×××× (dolev) m
Italian: platano m
Norwegian: t|no|platan|m
Russian: плаÑан (platán) m, ÑÐ¸Ð½Ð°Ñ (Äinár) m, ÑинаÑа (Äinára) f
Slovak: platan m
Vietnamese: cây tiêu huyá»n
trans-bottom

Category:1000 English basic words
Category:English words with multiple etymologies
Category:Tools


French

Verb
plane

  1. first person and third person indicative and sunbjunctive of planer, glide

German

Noun
plane

  1. See Plane

Category:Greek derivations
Category:Trees

ar:plane
et:plane
fr:plane
ko:plane
io:plane
it:plane
kk:plane
hu:plane
ja:plane
pl:plane
ru:plane
simple:plane
fi:plane
sv:plane
ta:plane
te:plane
vi:plane
tr:plane
zh:plane

Revision and Credits for"plane"
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